1. CHAPTER XI — FINDS PRINT OF MAN’S FOOT ON THE SAND

0

Itwouldhavemade a Stoicsmiletohaveseenmeandmylittlefamilysitdowntodinner. Therewasmymajestytheprinceandlordofthewholeisland; I hadthelivesofallmysubjectsatmyabsolutecommand; I couldhang, draw, giveliberty, andtakeitaway, andnorebelsamongallmysubjects. Then, toseehowlike a king I dined, too, allalone, attendedbymyservants! Poll, asifhehadbeenmyfavourite, wastheonlypersonpermittedtotalktome. Mydog, whowasnowgrownoldandcrazy, andhadfoundnospeciestomultiplyhiskindupon, satalwaysatmyrighthand; andtwocats, oneononesideofthetableandoneontheother, expectingnowandthen a bitfrommyhand, as a markofespecialfavour.

1

Butthesewerenotthetwocatswhich I broughtonshoreatfirst, fortheywerebothofthemdead, andhadbeeninterrednearmyhabitationbymyownhand; butoneofthemhavingmultipliedby I knownotwhatkindofcreature, theseweretwowhich I hadpreservedtame; whereastherestranwildinthewoods, andbecameindeedtroublesometomeatlast, fortheywouldoftencomeintomyhouse, andplundermetoo, tillatlast I wasobligedtoshootthem, anddidkill a greatmany; atlengththeyleftme. Withthisattendanceandinthisplentifulmanner I lived; neithercould I besaidtowantanythingbutsociety; andofthat, sometimeafterthis, I waslikelytohavetoomuch.

2

I wassomethingimpatient, as I haveobserved, tohavetheuseofmyboat, thoughveryloathtorunanymorehazards; andthereforesometimes I satcontrivingwaystogetherabouttheisland, andatothertimes I satmyselfdowncontentedenoughwithouther. But I had a strangeuneasinessinmymindtogodowntothepointoftheislandwhere, as I havesaidinmylastramble, I wentupthehilltoseehowtheshorelay, andhowthecurrentset, that I mightseewhat I hadtodo: thisinclinationincreaseduponmeeveryday, andatlength I resolvedtotravelthitherbyland, followingtheedgeoftheshore. I didso; buthadanyoneinEnglandmetsuch a manas I was, itmusteitherhavefrightenedhim, orraised a greatdealoflaughter; andas I frequentlystoodstilltolookatmyself, I couldnotbutsmileatthenotionofmytravellingthroughYorkshirewithsuchanequipage, andinsuch a dress. Bepleasedtotake a sketchofmyfigure, asfollows.

3

I had a greathighshapelesscap, madeof a goat’s skin, with a flaphangingdownbehind, aswelltokeepthesunfrommeastoshoottherainofffromrunningintomyneck, nothingbeingsohurtfulintheseclimatesastherainuponthefleshundertheclothes.

4

I had a shortjacketofgoat’s skin, theskirtscomingdowntoaboutthemiddleofthethighs, and a pairofopen-kneedbreechesofthesame; thebreechesweremadeoftheskinofanoldhe-goat, whosehairhungdownsuch a lengthoneithersidethat, likepantaloons, itreachedtothemiddleofmylegs; stockingsandshoes I hadnone, buthadmademe a pairofsomethings, I scarceknewwhattocallthem, likebuskins, toflapovermylegs, andlaceoneithersidelikespatterdashes, butof a mostbarbarousshape, asindeedwerealltherestofmyclothes.

5

I hadon a broadbeltofgoat’s skindried, which I drewtogetherwithtwothongsofthesameinsteadofbuckles, andin a kindof a frogoneithersideofthis, insteadof a swordanddagger, hung a littlesawand a hatchet, oneononesideandoneontheother. I hadanotherbeltnotsobroad, andfastenedinthesamemanner, whichhungovermyshoulder, andattheendofit, undermyleftarm, hungtwopouches, bothmadeofgoat’s skintoo, inoneofwhichhungmypowder, intheothermyshot. Atmyback I carriedmybasket, andonmyshouldermygun, andovermyhead a greatclumsy, ugly, goat’s-skinumbrella, butwhich, afterall, wasthemostnecessarything I hadaboutmenexttomygun. Asformyface, thecolourofitwasreallynotsomulatto-likeasonemightexpectfrom a mannotatallcarefulofit, andlivingwithinnineortendegreesoftheequinox. Mybeard I hadoncesufferedtogrowtillitwasabout a quarterof a yardlong; butas I hadbothscissorsandrazorssufficient, I hadcutitprettyshort, exceptwhatgrewonmyupperlip, which I hadtrimmedinto a largepairofMahometanwhiskers, suchas I hadseenwornbysomeTurksatSallee, fortheMoorsdidnotwearsuch, thoughtheTurksdid; ofthesemoustachios, orwhiskers, I willnotsaytheywerelongenoughtohangmyhatuponthem, buttheywereof a lengthandshapemonstrousenough, andsuchasinEnglandwouldhavepassedforfrightful.

6

Butallthisisby-the-bye; forastomyfigure, I hadsofewtoobservemethatitwasofnomannerofconsequence, so I saynomoreofthat. Inthiskindofdress I wentmynewjourney, andwasoutfiveorsixdays. I travelledfirstalongthesea-shore, directlytotheplacewhere I firstbroughtmyboattoananchortogetupontherocks; andhavingnoboatnowtotakecareof, I wentovertheland a nearerwaytothesameheightthat I wasuponbefore, when, lookingforwardtothepointsoftherockswhichlayout, andwhich I wasobligedtodoublewithmyboat, asissaidabove, I wassurprisedtoseetheseaallsmoothandquiet—norippling, nomotion, nocurrent, anymoretherethaninotherplaces. I wasat a strangelosstounderstandthis, andresolvedtospendsometimeintheobservingit, toseeifnothingfromthesetsofthetidehadoccasionedit; but I waspresentlyconvincedhowitwas—viz. thatthetideofebbsettingfromthewest, andjoiningwiththecurrentofwatersfromsomegreatriverontheshore, mustbetheoccasionofthiscurrent, andthat, accordingasthewindblewmoreforciblyfromthewestorfromthenorth, thiscurrentcamenearerorwentfartherfromtheshore; for, waitingthereaboutstillevening, I wentuptotherockagain, andthenthetideofebbbeingmade, I plainlysawthecurrentagainasbefore, onlythatitranfartheroff, beingnearhalf a leaguefromtheshore, whereasinmycaseitsetcloseupontheshore, andhurriedmeandmycanoealongwithit, whichatanothertimeitwouldnothavedone.

7

Thisobservationconvincedmethat I hadnothingtodobuttoobservetheebbingandtheflowingofthetide, and I mightveryeasilybringmyboatabouttheislandagain; butwhen I begantothinkofputtingitinpractice, I hadsuchterroruponmyspiritsattheremembranceofthedanger I hadbeenin, that I couldnotthinkofitagainwithanypatience, but, onthecontrary, I tookupanotherresolution, whichwasmoresafe, thoughmorelaborious—andthiswas, that I wouldbuild, orrathermake, meanotherperiaguaorcanoe, andsohaveoneforonesideoftheisland, andonefortheother.

8

Youaretounderstandthatnow I had, as I maycallit, twoplantationsintheisland—onemylittlefortificationortent, withthewallaboutit, undertherock, withthecavebehindme, whichbythistime I hadenlargedintoseveralapartmentsorcaves, onewithinanother. Oneofthese, whichwasthedriestandlargest, andhad a dooroutbeyondmywallorfortification—thatistosay, beyondwheremywalljoinedtotherock—wasallfilledupwiththelargeearthenpotsofwhich I havegivenanaccount, andwithfourteenorfifteengreatbaskets, whichwouldholdfiveorsixbushelseach, where I laidupmystoresofprovisions, especiallymycorn, someintheear, cutoffshortfromthestraw, andtheotherrubbedoutwithmyhand.

Nearthisdwellingofmine, but a littlefartherwithintheland, anduponlowerground, laymytwopiecesofcornland, which I keptdulycultivatedandsowed, andwhichdulyyieldedmetheirharvestinitsseason; andwhenever I hadoccasionformorecorn, I hadmorelandadjoiningasfitasthat.

11

Besidesthis, I hadmycountryseat, and I hadnow a tolerableplantationtherealso; for, first, I hadmylittlebower, as I calledit, which I keptinrepair—thatistosay, I keptthehedgewhichencircleditinconstantlyfitteduptoitsusualheight, theladderstandingalwaysintheinside. I keptthetrees, whichatfirstwerenomorethanstakes, butwerenowgrownveryfirmandtall, alwayscut, sothattheymightspreadandgrowthickandwild, andmakethemoreagreeableshade, whichtheydideffectuallytomymind. Inthemiddleofthis I hadmytentalwaysstanding, being a pieceof a sailspreadoverpoles, setupforthatpurpose, andwhichneverwantedanyrepairorrenewing; andunderthis I hadmademe a squaborcouchwiththeskinsofthecreatures I hadkilled, andwithothersoftthings, and a blanketlaidonthem, suchasbelongedtooursea-bedding, which I hadsaved; and a greatwatch-coattocoverme. Andhere, whenever I hadoccasiontobeabsentfrommychiefseat, I tookupmycountryhabitation.

12

Adjoiningtothis I hadmyenclosuresformycattle, thatistosaymygoats, and I hadtakenaninconceivabledealofpainstofenceandenclosethisground. I wassoanxioustoseeitkeptentire, lestthegoatsshouldbreakthrough, that I neverleftofftill, withinfinitelabour, I hadstucktheoutsideofthehedgesofullofsmallstakes, andsoneartooneanother, thatitwasrather a palethan a hedge, andtherewasscarceroomtoput a handthroughbetweenthem; whichafterwards, whenthosestakesgrew, astheyalldidinthenextrainyseason, madetheenclosurestronglike a wall, indeedstrongerthananywall.

13

Thiswilltestifyformethat I wasnotidle, andthat I sparednopainstobringtopasswhateverappearednecessaryformycomfortablesupport, for I consideredthekeepingup a breedoftamecreaturesthusatmyhandwouldbe a livingmagazineofflesh, milk, butter, andcheeseformeaslongas I livedintheplace, ifitweretobefortyyears; andthatkeepingtheminmyreachdependedentirelyuponmyperfectingmyenclosurestosuch a degreethat I mightbesureofkeepingthemtogether; whichbythismethod, indeed, I soeffectuallysecured, thatwhentheselittlestakesbegantogrow, I hadplantedthemsoverythickthat I wasforcedtopullsomeofthemupagain.

14

Inthisplacealso I hadmygrapesgrowing, which I principallydependedonformywinterstoreofraisins, andwhich I neverfailedtopreserveverycarefully, asthebestandmostagreeabledaintyofmywholediet; andindeedtheywerenotonlyagreeable, butmedicinal, wholesome, nourishing, andrefreshingtothelastdegree.

15

Asthiswasalsoabouthalf-waybetweenmyotherhabitationandtheplacewhere I hadlaidupmyboat, I generallystayedandlayhereinmywaythither, for I usedfrequentlytovisitmyboat; and I keptallthingsaboutorbelongingtoherinverygoodorder. Sometimes I wentoutinhertodivertmyself, butnomorehazardousvoyageswould I go, scarcelyeverabove a stone’s castortwofromtheshore, I wassoapprehensiveofbeinghurriedoutofmyknowledgeagainbythecurrentsorwinds, oranyotheraccident. Butnow I cometo a newsceneofmylife.

16

Ithappenedoneday, aboutnoon, goingtowardsmyboat, I wasexceedinglysurprisedwiththeprintof a man’s nakedfootontheshore, whichwasveryplaintobeseenonthesand. I stoodlikeonethunderstruck, orasif I hadseenanapparition. I listened, I lookedroundme, but I couldhearnothing, norseeanything; I wentupto a risinggroundtolookfarther; I wentuptheshoreanddowntheshore, butitwasallone; I couldseenootherimpressionbutthatone. I wenttoitagaintoseeiftherewereanymore, andtoobserveifitmightnotbemyfancy; buttherewasnoroomforthat, fortherewasexactlytheprintof a foot—toes, heel, andeverypartof a foot. Howitcamethither I knewnot, norcould I intheleastimagine; butafterinnumerableflutteringthoughts, like a manperfectlyconfusedandoutofmyself, I camehometomyfortification, notfeeling, aswesay, theground I wenton, butterrifiedtothelastdegree, lookingbehindmeateverytwoorthreesteps, mistakingeverybushandtree, andfancyingeverystumpat a distancetobe a man. Norisitpossibletodescribehowmanyvariousshapesmyaffrightedimaginationrepresentedthingstomein, howmanywildideaswerefoundeverymomentinmyfancy, andwhatstrange, unaccountablewhimsiescameintomythoughtsbytheway.

17

When I cametomycastle (forso I think I callediteverafterthis), I fledintoitlikeonepursued. Whether I wentoverbytheladder, asfirstcontrived, orwentinattheholeintherock, which I hadcalled a door, I cannotremember; no, norcould I rememberthenextmorning, forneverfrightenedharefledtocover, orfoxtoearth, withmoreterrorofmindthan I tothisretreat.

18

I sleptnonethatnight; thefarther I wasfromtheoccasionofmyfright, thegreatermyapprehensionswere, whichissomethingcontrarytothenatureofsuchthings, andespeciallytotheusualpracticeofallcreaturesinfear; but I wassoembarrassedwithmyownfrightfulideasofthething, that I formednothingbutdismalimaginationstomyself, eventhough I wasnow a greatwayoff. Sometimes I fancieditmustbethedevil, andreasonjoinedinwithmeinthissupposition, forhowshouldanyotherthinginhumanshapecomeintotheplace? Wherewasthevesselthatbroughtthem? Whatmarkswerethereofanyotherfootstep? Andhowwasitpossible a manshouldcomethere? Butthen, tothinkthatSatanshouldtakehumanshapeuponhiminsuch a place, wheretherecouldbenomannerofoccasionforit, buttoleavetheprintofhisfootbehindhim, andthatevenfornopurposetoo, forhecouldnotbesure I shouldseeit—thiswasanamusementtheotherway. I consideredthatthedevilmighthavefoundoutabundanceofotherwaystohaveterrifiedmethanthisofthesingleprintof a foot; thatas I livedquiteontheothersideoftheisland, hewouldneverhavebeensosimpleastoleave a markin a placewhereitwastenthousandtoonewhether I shouldeverseeitornot, andinthesandtoo, whichthefirstsurgeofthesea, upon a highwind, wouldhavedefacedentirely. Allthisseemedinconsistentwiththethingitselfandwithallthenotionsweusuallyentertainofthesubtletyofthedevil.

19

Abundanceofsuchthingsastheseassistedtoarguemeoutofallapprehensionsofitsbeingthedevil; and I presentlyconcludedthenthatitmustbesomemoredangerouscreature—viz. thatitmustbesomeofthesavagesofthemainlandoppositewhohadwanderedouttoseaintheircanoes, andeitherdrivenbythecurrentsorbycontrarywinds, hadmadetheisland, andhadbeenonshore, butweregoneawayagaintosea; beingasloath, perhaps, tohavestayedinthisdesolateislandas I wouldhavebeentohavehadthem.

20

Whilethesereflectionswererollinginmymind, I wasverythankfulinmythoughtsthat I wassohappyasnottobethereaboutsatthattime, orthattheydidnotseemyboat, bywhichtheywouldhaveconcludedthatsomeinhabitantshadbeenintheplace, andperhapshavesearchedfartherforme. Thenterriblethoughtsrackedmyimaginationabouttheirhavingfoundoutmyboat, andthattherewerepeoplehere; andthat, ifso, I shouldcertainlyhavethemcomeagainingreaternumbersanddevourme; thatifitshouldhappenthattheyshouldnotfindme, yettheywouldfindmyenclosure, destroyallmycorn, andcarryawayallmyflockoftamegoats, and I shouldperishatlastformerewant.

21

Thusmyfearbanishedallmyreligioushope, allthatformerconfidenceinGod, whichwasfoundeduponsuchwonderfulexperienceas I hadhadofHisgoodness; asifHethathadfedmebymiraclehithertocouldnotpreserve, byHispower, theprovisionwhichHehadmadeformebyHisgoodness. I reproachedmyselfwithmylaziness, thatwouldnotsowanymorecornoneyearthanwouldjustservemetillthenextseason, asifnoaccidentcouldintervenetopreventmyenjoyingthecropthatwasupontheground; andthis I thoughtsojust a reproof, that I resolvedforthefuturetohavetwoorthreeyears’ cornbeforehand; sothat, whatevermightcome, I mightnotperishforwantofbread.

22

Howstrange a chequer-workofProvidenceisthelifeofman! andbywhatsecretdifferentspringsaretheaffectionshurriedabout, asdifferentcircumstancespresent! To-daywelovewhatto-morrowwehate; to-dayweseekwhatto-morrowweshun; to-daywedesirewhatto-morrowwefear, nay, eventrembleattheapprehensionsof. Thiswasexemplifiedinme, atthistime, inthemostlivelymannerimaginable; for I, whoseonlyafflictionwasthat I seemedbanishedfromhumansociety, that I wasalone, circumscribedbytheboundlessocean, cutofffrommankind, andcondemnedtowhat I callsilentlife; that I wasasonewhomHeaventhoughtnotworthytobenumberedamongtheliving, ortoappearamongtherestofHiscreatures; thattohaveseenoneofmyownspecieswouldhaveseemedtome a raisingmefromdeathtolife, andthegreatestblessingthatHeavenitself, nexttothesupremeblessingofsalvation, couldbestow; I say, that I shouldnowtrembleattheveryapprehensionsofseeing a man, andwasreadytosinkintothegroundatbuttheshadoworsilentappearanceof a manhavingsethisfootintheisland.

23

Suchistheunevenstateofhumanlife; anditaffordedme a greatmanycuriousspeculationsafterwards, when I had a littlerecoveredmyfirstsurprise. I consideredthatthiswasthestationoflifetheinfinitelywiseandgoodprovidenceofGodhaddeterminedforme; thatas I couldnotforeseewhattheendsofDivinewisdommightbeinallthis, so I wasnottodisputeHissovereignty; who, as I wasHiscreature, hadanundoubtedright, bycreation, togovernanddisposeofmeabsolutelyasHethoughtfit; andwho, as I was a creaturethathadoffendedHim, hadlikewise a judicialrighttocondemnmetowhatpunishmentHethoughtfit; andthatitwasmyparttosubmittobearHisindignation, because I hadsinnedagainstHim. I thenreflected, thatasGod, whowasnotonlyrighteousbutomnipotent, hadthoughtfitthustopunishandafflictme, soHewasabletodeliverme: thatifHedidnotthinkfittodoso, itwasmyunquestioneddutytoresignmyselfabsolutelyandentirelytoHiswill; and, ontheotherhand, itwasmydutyalsotohopeinHim, praytoHim, andquietlytoattendtothedictatesanddirectionsofHisdailyprovidence.

24

Thesethoughtstookmeupmanyhours, days, nay, I maysayweeksandmonths: andoneparticulareffectofmycogitationsonthisoccasion I cannotomit. Onemorningearly, lyinginmybed, andfilledwiththoughtsaboutmydangerfromtheappearancesofsavages, I founditdiscomposedmeverymuch; uponwhichthesewordsoftheScripturecameintomythoughts, “CalluponMeinthedayoftrouble, and I willdeliverthee, andthoushaltglorifyMe.” Uponthis, risingcheerfullyoutofmybed, myheartwasnotonlycomforted, but I wasguidedandencouragedtoprayearnestlytoGodfordeliverance: when I haddonepraying I tookupmyBible, andopeningittoread, thefirstwordsthatpresentedtomewere, “WaitontheLord, andbeofgoodcheer, andHeshallstrengthenthyheart; wait, I say, ontheLord.” Itisimpossibletoexpressthecomfortthisgaveme. Inanswer, I thankfullylaiddownthebook, andwasnomoresad, atleastonthatoccasion.

25

Inthemiddleofthesecogitations, apprehensions, andreflections, itcameintomythoughtsonedaythatallthismightbe a merechimeraofmyown, andthatthisfootmightbetheprintofmyownfoot, when I cameonshorefrommyboat: thischeeredmeup a little, too, and I begantopersuademyselfitwasall a delusion; thatitwasnothingelsebutmyownfoot; andwhymight I notcomethatwayfromtheboat, aswellas I wasgoingthatwaytotheboat? Again, I consideredalsothat I couldbynomeanstellforcertainwhere I hadtrod, andwhere I hadnot; andthatif, atlast, thiswasonlytheprintofmyownfoot, I hadplayedthepartofthosefoolswhotrytomakestoriesofspectresandapparitions, andthenarefrightenedatthemmorethananybody.

26

Now I begantotakecourage, andtopeepabroadagain, for I hadnotstirredoutofmycastleforthreedaysandnights, sothat I begantostarveforprovisions; for I hadlittleornothingwithindoorsbutsomebarley-cakesandwater; then I knewthatmygoatswantedtobemilkedtoo, whichusuallywasmyeveningdiversion: andthepoorcreatureswereingreatpainandinconvenienceforwantofit; and, indeed, italmostspoiledsomeofthem, andalmostdrieduptheirmilk. Encouragingmyself, therefore, withthebeliefthatthiswasnothingbuttheprintofoneofmyownfeet, andthat I mightbetrulysaidtostartatmyownshadow, I begantogoabroadagain, andwenttomycountryhousetomilkmyflock: buttoseewithwhatfear I wentforward, howoften I lookedbehindme, how I wasreadyeverynowandthentolaydownmybasketandrunformylife, itwouldhavemadeanyonehavethought I washauntedwithanevilconscience, orthat I hadbeenlatelymostterriblyfrightened; andso, indeed, I had. However, I wentdownthustwoorthreedays, andhavingseennothing, I begantobe a littlebolder, andtothinktherewasreallynothinginitbutmyownimagination; but I couldnotpersuademyselffullyofthistill I shouldgodowntotheshoreagain, andseethisprintof a foot, andmeasureitbymyown, andseeiftherewasanysimilitudeorfitness, that I mightbeassureditwasmyownfoot: butwhen I cametotheplace, first, itappearedevidentlytome, thatwhen I laidupmyboat I couldnotpossiblybeonshoreanywherethereabouts; secondly, when I cametomeasurethemarkwithmyownfoot, I foundmyfootnotsolargeby a greatdeal. Boththesethingsfilledmyheadwithnewimaginations, andgavemethevapoursagaintothehighestdegree, sothat I shookwithcoldlikeoneinanague; and I wenthomeagain, filledwiththebeliefthatsomemanormenhadbeenonshorethere; or, inshort, thattheislandwasinhabited, and I mightbesurprisedbefore I wasaware; andwhatcoursetotakeformysecurity I knewnot.

27

Oh, whatridiculousresolutionsmentakewhenpossessedwithfear! Itdeprivesthemoftheuseofthosemeanswhichreasonoffersfortheirrelief. Thefirstthing I proposedtomyselfwas, tothrowdownmyenclosures, andturnallmytamecattlewildintothewoods, lesttheenemyshouldfindthem, andthenfrequenttheislandinprospectofthesameorthelikebooty: thenthesimplethingofdiggingupmytwocorn-fields, lesttheyshouldfindsuch a grainthere, andstillbepromptedtofrequenttheisland: thentodemolishmybowerandtent, thattheymightnotseeanyvestigesofhabitation, andbepromptedtolookfarther, inordertofindoutthepersonsinhabiting.

28

Thesewerethesubjectofthefirstnight’s cogitationsafter I wascomehomeagain, whiletheapprehensionswhichhadsooverrunmymindwerefreshuponme, andmyheadwasfullofvapours. Thus, fearofdangeristenthousandtimesmoreterrifyingthandangeritself, whenapparenttotheeyes; andwefindtheburdenofanxietygreater, bymuch, thantheevilwhichweareanxiousabout: andwhatwasworsethanallthis, I hadnotthatreliefinthistroublethatfromtheresignation I usedtopractise I hopedtohave. I looked, I thought, likeSaul, whocomplainednotonlythatthePhilistineswereuponhim, butthatGodhadforsakenhim; for I didnotnowtakeduewaystocomposemymind, bycryingtoGodinmydistress, andrestinguponHisprovidence, as I haddonebefore, formydefenceanddeliverance; which, if I haddone, I hadatleastbeenmorecheerfullysupportedunderthisnewsurprise, andperhapscarriedthroughitwithmoreresolution.

29

Thisconfusionofmythoughtskeptmeawakeallnight; butinthemorning I fellasleep; andhaving, bytheamusementofmymind, beenasitweretired, andmyspiritsexhausted, I sleptverysoundly, andwakedmuchbettercomposedthan I hadeverbeenbefore. Andnow I begantothinksedately; and, upondebatewithmyself, I concludedthatthisisland (whichwassoexceedinglypleasant, fruitful, andnofartherfromthemainlandthanas I hadseen) wasnotsoentirelyabandonedas I mightimagine; thatalthoughtherewerenostatedinhabitantswholivedonthespot, yetthattheremightsometimescomeboatsofffromtheshore, who, eitherwithdesign, orperhapsneverbutwhentheyweredrivenbycrosswinds, mightcometothisplace; that I hadlivedtherefifteenyearsnowandhadnotmetwiththeleastshadoworfigureofanypeopleyet; andthat, ifatanytimetheyshouldbedrivenhere, itwasprobabletheywentawayagainassoonasevertheycould, seeingtheyhadneverthoughtfittofixhereuponanyoccasion; thatthemost I couldsuggestanydangerfromwasfromanycasualaccidentallandingofstragglingpeoplefromthemain, who, asitwaslikely, iftheyweredrivenhither, werehereagainsttheirwills, sotheymadenostayhere, butwentoffagainwithallpossiblespeed; seldomstayingonenightonshore, lesttheyshouldnothavethehelpofthetidesanddaylightbackagain; andthat, therefore, I hadnothingtodobuttoconsiderofsomesaferetreat, incase I shouldseeanysavageslanduponthespot.

30

Now, I begansorelytorepentthat I haddugmycavesolargeastobring a doorthroughagain, whichdoor, as I said, cameoutbeyondwheremyfortificationjoinedtotherock: uponmaturelyconsideringthis, therefore, I resolvedtodrawme a secondfortification, inthemannerof a semicircle, at a distancefrommywall, justwhere I hadplanted a doublerowoftreesabouttwelveyearsbefore, ofwhich I mademention: thesetreeshavingbeenplantedsothickbefore, theywantedbutfewpilestobedrivenbetweenthem, thattheymightbethickerandstronger, andmywallwouldbesoonfinished. Sothat I hadnow a doublewall; andmyouterwallwasthickenedwithpiecesoftimber, oldcables, andeverything I couldthinkof, tomakeitstrong; havinginitsevenlittleholes, aboutasbigas I mightputmyarmoutat. Intheinsideofthis I thickenedmywalltoabouttenfeetthickwithcontinuallybringingearthoutofmycave, andlayingitatthefootofthewall, andwalkinguponit; andthroughthesevenholes I contrivedtoplantthemuskets, ofwhich I tooknoticethat I hadgotsevenonshoreoutoftheship; these I plantedlikemycannon, andfittedthemintoframes, thatheldthemlike a carriage, sothat I couldfireallthesevengunsintwominutes’ time; thiswall I wasmany a wearymonthinfinishing, andyetneverthoughtmyselfsafetillitwasdone.

31

Whenthiswasdone I stuckallthegroundwithoutmywall, for a greatlengtheveryway, asfullwithstakesorsticksoftheosier-likewood, which I foundsoapttogrow, astheycouldwellstand; insomuchthat I believe I mightsetinneartwentythousandofthem, leaving a prettylargespacebetweenthemandmywall, that I mighthaveroomtoseeanenemy, andtheymighthavenoshelterfromtheyoungtrees, iftheyattemptedtoapproachmyouterwall.

32

Thusintwoyears’ time I had a thickgrove; andinfiveorsixyears’ time I had a woodbeforemydwelling, growingsomonstrouslythickandstrongthatitwasindeedperfectlyimpassable: andnomen, ofwhatkindsoever, couldeverimaginethattherewasanythingbeyondit, muchless a habitation. Asforthewaywhich I proposedtomyselftogoinandout (for I leftnoavenue), itwasbysettingtwoladders, oneto a partoftherockwhichwaslow, andthenbrokein, andleftroomtoplaceanotherladderuponthat; sowhenthetwoladdersweretakendownnomanlivingcouldcomedowntomewithoutdoinghimselfmischief; andiftheyhadcomedown, theywerestillontheoutsideofmyouterwall.

【 】CHAPTER XI — FINDS PRINT OF MAN’S FOOT ON THE SAND