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◈ History of Henry VI, Part III (헨리 6세 3부) ◈

◇ Act I ◇

해설목차  서문  1권 2권  3권  4권  5권  1590
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 1. Act I, Scene 1
 2. Act I, Scene 2
 3. Act I, Scene 3
 4. Act I, Scene 4

1. Act I, Scene 1

0 London. The Parliament-house.
1 [Alarum. Enter YORK, EDWARD, RICHARD, NORFOLK,] [p]MONTAGUE, WARWICK, and Soldiers]
2 Earl of Warwick.
3       I wonder how the king escaped our hands.
4 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
5       While we pursued the horsemen of the north,
6       He slily stole away and left his men:
7       Whereat the great Lord of Northumberland,
8       Whose warlike ears could never brook retreat,
9       Cheer'd up the drooping army; and himself,
10       Lord Clifford and Lord Stafford, all abreast,
11       Charged our main battle's front, and breaking in
12       Were by the swords of common soldiers slain.
13 King Edward IV (Plantagenet).
14       Lord Stafford's father, Duke of Buckingham,
15       Is either slain or wounded dangerously;
16       I cleft his beaver with a downright blow:
17       That this is true, father, behold his blood.
18 Marquess of Montague.
19       And, brother, here's the Earl of Wiltshire's blood,
20       Whom I encounter'd as the battles join'd.
21 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
22       Speak thou for me and tell them what I did.
23 [Throwing down SOMERSET's head]
24 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
25       Richard hath best deserved of all my sons.
26       But is your grace dead, my Lord of Somerset?
27 Duke of Norfolk.
28       Such hope have all the line of John of Gaunt!
29 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
30       Thus do I hope to shake King Henry's head.
31 Earl of Warwick.
32       And so do I. Victorious Prince of York,
33       Before I see thee seated in that throne
34       Which now the house of Lancaster usurps,
35       I vow by heaven these eyes shall never close.
36       This is the palace of the fearful king,
37       And this the regal seat: possess it, York;
38       For this is thine and not King Henry's heirs'
39 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
40       Assist me, then, sweet Warwick, and I will;
41       For hither we have broken in by force.
42 Duke of Norfolk.
43       We'll all assist you; he that flies shall die.
44 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
45       Thanks, gentle Norfolk: stay by me, my lords;
46       And, soldiers, stay and lodge by me this night.
47 [They go up]
48 Earl of Warwick.
49       And when the king comes, offer no violence,
50       Unless he seek to thrust you out perforce.
51 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
52       The queen this day here holds her parliament,
53       But little thinks we shall be of her council:
54       By words or blows here let us win our right.
55 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
56       Arm'd as we are, let's stay within this house.
57 Earl of Warwick.
58       The bloody parliament shall this be call'd,
59       Unless Plantagenet, Duke of York, be king,
60       And bashful Henry deposed, whose cowardice
61       Hath made us by-words to our enemies.
62 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
63       Then leave me not, my lords; be resolute;
64       I mean to take possession of my right.
65 Earl of Warwick.
66       Neither the king, nor he that loves him best,
67       The proudest he that holds up Lancaster,
68       Dares stir a wing, if Warwick shake his bells.
69       I'll plant Plantagenet, root him up who dares:
70       Resolve thee, Richard; claim the English crown.
71       [Flourish. Enter KING HENRY VI, CLIFFORD,]
73 Henry VI.
74       My lords, look where the sturdy rebel sits,
75       Even in the chair of state: belike he means,
76       Back'd by the power of Warwick, that false peer,
77       To aspire unto the crown and reign as king.
78       Earl of Northumberland, he slew thy father.
79       And thine, Lord Clifford; and you both have vow'd revenge
80       On him, his sons, his favourites and his friends.
81 Earl of Northumberland.
82       If I be not, heavens be revenged on me!
83 Lord Clifford.
84       The hope thereof makes Clifford mourn in steel.
85 Earl of Westmoreland.
86       What, shall we suffer this? let's pluck him down:
87       My heart for anger burns; I cannot brook it.
88 Henry VI.
89       Be patient, gentle Earl of Westmoreland.
90 Lord Clifford.
91       Patience is for poltroons, such as he:
92       He durst not sit there, had your father lived.
93       My gracious lord, here in the parliament
94       Let us assail the family of York.
95 Earl of Northumberland.
96       Well hast thou spoken, cousin: be it so.
97 Henry VI.
98       Ah, know you not the city favours them,
99       And they have troops of soldiers at their beck?
100 Duke of Exeter.
101       But when the duke is slain, they'll quickly fly.
102 Henry VI.
103       Far be the thought of this from Henry's heart,
104       To make a shambles of the parliament-house!
105       Cousin of Exeter, frowns, words and threats
106       Shall be the war that Henry means to use.
107       Thou factious Duke of York, descend my throne,
108       and kneel for grace and mercy at my feet;
109       I am thy sovereign.
110 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
111       I am thine.
112 Duke of Exeter.
113       For shame, come down: he made thee Duke of York.
114 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
115       'Twas my inheritance, as the earldom was.
116 Duke of Exeter.
117       Thy father was a traitor to the crown.
118 Earl of Warwick.
119       Exeter, thou art a traitor to the crown
120       In following this usurping Henry.
121 Lord Clifford.
122       Whom should he follow but his natural king?
123 Earl of Warwick.
124       True, Clifford; and that's Richard Duke of York.
125 Henry VI.
126       And shall I stand, and thou sit in my throne?
127 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
128       It must and shall be so: content thyself.
129 Earl of Warwick.
130       Be Duke of Lancaster; let him be king.
131 Earl of Westmoreland.
132       He is both king and Duke of Lancaster;
133       And that the Lord of Westmoreland shall maintain.
134 Earl of Warwick.
135       And Warwick shall disprove it. You forget
136       That we are those which chased you from the field
137       And slew your fathers, and with colours spread
138       March'd through the city to the palace gates.
139 Earl of Northumberland.
140       Yes, Warwick, I remember it to my grief;
141       And, by his soul, thou and thy house shall rue it.
142 Earl of Westmoreland.
143       Plantagenet, of thee and these thy sons,
144       Thy kinsman and thy friends, I'll have more lives
145       Than drops of blood were in my father's veins.
146 Lord Clifford.
147       Urge it no more; lest that, instead of words,
148       I send thee, Warwick, such a messenger
149       As shall revenge his death before I stir.
150 Earl of Warwick.
151       Poor Clifford! how I scorn his worthless threats!
152 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
153       Will you we show our title to the crown?
154       If not, our swords shall plead it in the field.
155 Henry VI.
156       What title hast thou, traitor, to the crown?
157       Thy father was, as thou art, Duke of York;
158       Thy grandfather, Roger Mortimer, Earl of March:
159       I am the son of Henry the Fifth,
160       Who made the Dauphin and the French to stoop
161       And seized upon their towns and provinces.
162 Earl of Warwick.
163       Talk not of France, sith thou hast lost it all.
164 Henry VI.
165       The lord protector lost it, and not I:
166       When I was crown'd I was but nine months old.
167 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
168       You are old enough now, and yet, methinks, you lose.
169       Father, tear the crown from the usurper's head.
170 King Edward IV (Plantagenet).
171       Sweet father, do so; set it on your head.
172 Marquess of Montague.
173       Good brother, as thou lovest and honourest arms,
174       Let's fight it out and not stand cavilling thus.
175 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
176       Sound drums and trumpets, and the king will fly.
177 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
178       Sons, peace!
179 Henry VI.
180       Peace, thou! and give King Henry leave to speak.
181 Earl of Warwick.
182       Plantagenet shall speak first: hear him, lords;
183       And be you silent and attentive too,
184       For he that interrupts him shall not live.
185 Henry VI.
186       Think'st thou that I will leave my kingly throne,
187       Wherein my grandsire and my father sat?
188       No: first shall war unpeople this my realm;
189       Ay, and their colours, often borne in France,
190       And now in England to our heart's great sorrow,
191       Shall be my winding-sheet. Why faint you, lords?
192       My title's good, and better far than his.
193 Earl of Warwick.
194       Prove it, Henry, and thou shalt be king.
195 Henry VI.
196       Henry the Fourth by conquest got the crown.
197 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
198       'Twas by rebellion against his king.
199 Henry VI.
200       [Aside]I know not what to say; my title's weak.—
201       Tell me, may not a king adopt an heir?
202 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
203       What then?
204 Henry VI.
205       An if he may, then am I lawful king;
206       For Richard, in the view of many lords,
207       Resign'd the crown to Henry the Fourth,
208       Whose heir my father was, and I am his.
209 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
210       He rose against him, being his sovereign,
211       And made him to resign his crown perforce.
212 Earl of Warwick.
213       Suppose, my lords, he did it unconstrain'd,
214       Think you 'twere prejudicial to his crown?
215 Duke of Exeter.
216       No; for he could not so resign his crown
217       But that the next heir should succeed and reign.
218 Henry VI.
219       Art thou against us, Duke of Exeter?
220 Duke of Exeter.
221       His is the right, and therefore pardon me.
222 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
223       Why whisper you, my lords, and answer not?
224 Duke of Exeter.
225       My conscience tells me he is lawful king.
226 Henry VI.
227       [Aside]All will revolt from me, and turn to him.
228 Earl of Northumberland.
229       Plantagenet, for all the claim thou lay'st,
230       Think not that Henry shall be so deposed.
231 Earl of Warwick.
232       Deposed he shall be, in despite of all.
233 Earl of Northumberland.
234       Thou art deceived: 'tis not thy southern power,
235       Of Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, nor of Kent,
236       Which makes thee thus presumptuous and proud,
237       Can set the duke up in despite of me.
238 Lord Clifford.
239       King Henry, be thy title right or wrong,
240       Lord Clifford vows to fight in thy defence:
241       May that ground gape and swallow me alive,
242       Where I shall kneel to him that slew my father!
243 Henry VI.
244       O Clifford, how thy words revive my heart!
245 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
246       Henry of Lancaster, resign thy crown.
247       What mutter you, or what conspire you, lords?
248 Earl of Warwick.
249       Do right unto this princely Duke of York,
250       Or I will fill the house with armed men,
251       And over the chair of state, where now he sits,
252       Write up his title with usurping blood.
253       [He stamps with his foot and the soldiers show]
254       themselves]
255 Henry VI.
256       My Lord of Warwick, hear me but one word:
257       Let me for this my life-time reign as king.
258 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
259       Confirm the crown to me and to mine heirs,
260       And thou shalt reign in quiet while thou livest.
261 Henry VI.
262       I am content: Richard Plantagenet,
263       Enjoy the kingdom after my decease.
264 Lord Clifford.
265       What wrong is this unto the prince your son!
266 Earl of Warwick.
267       What good is this to England and himself!
268 Earl of Westmoreland.
269       Base, fearful and despairing Henry!
270 Lord Clifford.
271       How hast thou injured both thyself and us!
272 Earl of Westmoreland.
273       I cannot stay to hear these articles.
274 Earl of Northumberland.
275       Nor I.
276 Lord Clifford.
277       Come, cousin, let us tell the queen these news.
278 Earl of Westmoreland.
279       Farewell, faint-hearted and degenerate king,
280       In whose cold blood no spark of honour bides.
281 Earl of Northumberland.
282       Be thou a prey unto the house of York,
283       And die in bands for this unmanly deed!
284 Lord Clifford.
285       In dreadful war mayst thou be overcome,
286       Or live in peace abandon'd and despised!
288 Earl of Warwick.
289       Turn this way, Henry, and regard them not.
290 Duke of Exeter.
291       They seek revenge and therefore will not yield.
292 Henry VI.
293       Ah, Exeter!
294 Earl of Warwick.
295       Why should you sigh, my lord?
296 Henry VI.
297       Not for myself, Lord Warwick, but my son,
298       Whom I unnaturally shall disinherit.
299       But be it as it may: I here entail
300       The crown to thee and to thine heirs for ever;
301       Conditionally, that here thou take an oath
302       To cease this civil war, and, whilst I live,
303       To honour me as thy king and sovereign,
304       And neither by treason nor hostility
305       To seek to put me down and reign thyself.
306 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
307       This oath I willingly take and will perform.
308 Earl of Warwick.
309       Long live King Henry! Plantagenet embrace him.
310 Henry VI.
311       And long live thou and these thy forward sons!
312 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
313       Now York and Lancaster are reconciled.
314 Duke of Exeter.
315       Accursed be he that seeks to make them foes!
316 [Sennet. Here they come down]
317 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
318       Farewell, my gracious lord; I'll to my castle.
319 Earl of Warwick.
320       And I'll keep London with my soldiers.
321 Duke of Norfolk.
322       And I to Norfolk with my followers.
323 Marquess of Montague.
324       And I unto the sea from whence I came.
326       WARWICK, NORFOLK, MONTAGUE, their Soldiers, and
327       Attendants]
328 Henry VI.
329       And I, with grief and sorrow, to the court.
331 Duke of Exeter.
332       Here comes the queen, whose looks bewray her anger:
333       I'll steal away.
334 Henry VI.
335       Exeter, so will I.
336 Queen Margaret.
337       Nay, go not from me; I will follow thee.
338 Henry VI.
339       Be patient, gentle queen, and I will stay.
340 Queen Margaret.
341       Who can be patient in such extremes?
342       Ah, wretched man! would I had died a maid
343       And never seen thee, never borne thee son,
344       Seeing thou hast proved so unnatural a father
345       Hath he deserved to lose his birthright thus?
346       Hadst thou but loved him half so well as I,
347       Or felt that pain which I did for him once,
348       Or nourish'd him as I did with my blood,
349       Thou wouldst have left thy dearest heart-blood there,
350       Rather than have that savage duke thine heir
351       And disinherited thine only son.
352 Prince Edward.
353       Father, you cannot disinherit me:
354       If you be king, why should not I succeed?
355 Henry VI.
356       Pardon me, Margaret; pardon me, sweet son:
357       The Earl of Warwick and the duke enforced me.
358 Queen Margaret.
359       Enforced thee! art thou king, and wilt be forced?
360       I shame to hear thee speak. Ah, timorous wretch!
361       Thou hast undone thyself, thy son and me;
362       And given unto the house of York such head
363       As thou shalt reign but by their sufferance.
364       To entail him and his heirs unto the crown,
365       What is it, but to make thy sepulchre
366       And creep into it far before thy time?
367       Warwick is chancellor and the lord of Calais;
368       Stern Falconbridge commands the narrow seas;
369       The duke is made protector of the realm;
370       And yet shalt thou be safe? such safety finds
371       The trembling lamb environed with wolves.
372       Had I been there, which am a silly woman,
373       The soldiers should have toss'd me on their pikes
374       Before I would have granted to that act.
375       But thou preferr'st thy life before thine honour:
376       And seeing thou dost, I here divorce myself
377       Both from thy table, Henry, and thy bed,
378       Until that act of parliament be repeal'd
379       Whereby my son is disinherited.
380       The northern lords that have forsworn thy colours
381       Will follow mine, if once they see them spread;
382       And spread they shall be, to thy foul disgrace
383       And utter ruin of the house of York.
384       Thus do I leave thee. Come, son, let's away;
385       Our army is ready; come, we'll after them.
386 Henry VI.
387       Stay, gentle Margaret, and hear me speak.
388 Queen Margaret.
389       Thou hast spoke too much already: get thee gone.
390 Henry VI.
391       Gentle son Edward, thou wilt stay with me?
392 Queen Margaret.
393       Ay, to be murder'd by his enemies.
394 Prince Edward.
395       When I return with victory from the field
396       I'll see your grace: till then I'll follow her.
397 Queen Margaret.
398       Come, son, away; we may not linger thus.
400 Henry VI.
401       Poor queen! how love to me and to her son
402       Hath made her break out into terms of rage!
403       Revenged may she be on that hateful duke,
404       Whose haughty spirit, winged with desire,
405       Will cost my crown, and like an empty eagle
406       Tire on the flesh of me and of my son!
407       The loss of those three lords torments my heart:
408       I'll write unto them and entreat them fair.
409       Come, cousin you shall be the messenger.
410 Duke of Exeter.
411       And I, I hope, shall reconcile them all.
412 [Exeunt]

2. Act I, Scene 2

0 Sandal Castle.
2 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
3       Brother, though I be youngest, give me leave.
4 King Edward IV (Plantagenet).
5       No, I can better play the orator.
6 Marquess of Montague.
7       But I have reasons strong and forcible.
8 [Enter YORK]
9 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
10       Why, how now, sons and brother! at a strife?
11       What is your quarrel? how began it first?
12 King Edward IV (Plantagenet).
13       No quarrel, but a slight contention.
14 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
15       About what?
16 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
17       About that which concerns your grace and us;
18       The crown of England, father, which is yours.
19 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
20       Mine boy? not till King Henry be dead.
21 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
22       Your right depends not on his life or death.
23 King Edward IV (Plantagenet).
24       Now you are heir, therefore enjoy it now:
25       By giving the house of Lancaster leave to breathe,
26       It will outrun you, father, in the end.
27 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
28       I took an oath that he should quietly reign.
29 King Edward IV (Plantagenet).
30       But for a kingdom any oath may be broken:
31       I would break a thousand oaths to reign one year.
32 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
33       No; God forbid your grace should be forsworn.
34 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
35       I shall be, if I claim by open war.
36 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
37       I'll prove the contrary, if you'll hear me speak.
38 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
39       Thou canst not, son; it is impossible.
40 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
41       An oath is of no moment, being not took
42       Before a true and lawful magistrate,
43       That hath authority over him that swears:
44       Henry had none, but did usurp the place;
45       Then, seeing 'twas he that made you to depose,
46       Your oath, my lord, is vain and frivolous.
47       Therefore, to arms! And, father, do but think
48       How sweet a thing it is to wear a crown;
49       Within whose circuit is Elysium
50       And all that poets feign of bliss and joy.
51       Why do we finger thus? I cannot rest
52       Until the white rose that I wear be dyed
53       Even in the lukewarm blood of Henry's heart.
54 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
55       Richard, enough; I will be king, or die.
56       Brother, thou shalt to London presently,
57       And whet on Warwick to this enterprise.
58       Thou, Richard, shalt to the Duke of Norfolk,
59       And tell him privily of our intent.
60       You Edward, shall unto my Lord Cobham,
61       With whom the Kentishmen will willingly rise:
62       In them I trust; for they are soldiers,
63       Witty, courteous, liberal, full of spirit.
64       While you are thus employ'd, what resteth more,
65       But that I seek occasion how to rise,
66       And yet the king not privy to my drift,
67       Nor any of the house of Lancaster?
68       [Enter a Messenger]
69       But, stay: what news? Why comest thou in such post?
70 Messenger.
71       The queen with all the northern earls and lords
72       Intend here to besiege you in your castle:
73       She is hard by with twenty thousand men;
74       And therefore fortify your hold, my lord.
75 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
76       Ay, with my sword. What! think'st thou that we fear them?
77       Edward and Richard, you shall stay with me;
78       My brother Montague shall post to London:
79       Let noble Warwick, Cobham, and the rest,
80       Whom we have left protectors of the king,
81       With powerful policy strengthen themselves,
82       And trust not simple Henry nor his oaths.
83 Marquess of Montague.
84       Brother, I go; I'll win them, fear it not:
85       And thus most humbly I do take my leave.
86       [Exit]
88       Sir John and Sir Hugh Mortimer, mine uncles,
89       You are come to Sandal in a happy hour;
90       The army of the queen mean to besiege us.
91 Sir John Mortimer.
92       She shall not need; we'll meet her in the field.
93 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
94       What, with five thousand men?
95 Richard III (Duke of Gloucester).
96       Ay, with five hundred, father, for a need:
97       A woman's general; what should we fear?
98 [A march afar off]
99 King Edward IV (Plantagenet).
100       I hear their drums: let's set our men in order,
101       And issue forth and bid them battle straight.
102 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
103       Five men to twenty! though the odds be great,
104       I doubt not, uncle, of our victory.
105       Many a battle have I won in France,
106       When as the enemy hath been ten to one:
107       Why should I not now have the like success?
108 [Alarum. Exeunt]

3. Act I, Scene 3

0 Field of battle betwixt Sandal Castle and Wakefield.
1 [Alarums. Enter RUTLAND and his Tutor]
2 Edmond, Earl of Rutland.
3       Ah, whither shall I fly to 'scape their hands?
4       Ah, tutor, look where bloody Clifford comes!
5 [Enter CLIFFORD and Soldiers]
6 Lord Clifford.
7       Chaplain, away! thy priesthood saves thy life.
8       As for the brat of this accursed duke,
9       Whose father slew my father, he shall die.
10 Tutor of Rutland.
11       And I, my lord, will bear him company.
12 Lord Clifford.
13       Soldiers, away with him!
14 Tutor of Rutland.
15       Ah, Clifford, murder not this innocent child,
16       Lest thou be hated both of God and man!
17 [Exit, dragged off by Soldiers]
18 Lord Clifford.
19       How now! is he dead already? or is it fear
20       That makes him close his eyes? I'll open them.
21 Edmond, Earl of Rutland.
22       So looks the pent-up lion o'er the wretch
23       That trembles under his devouring paws;
24       And so he walks, insulting o'er his prey,
25       And so he comes, to rend his limbs asunder.
26       Ah, gentle Clifford, kill me with thy sword,
27       And not with such a cruel threatening look.
28       Sweet Clifford, hear me speak before I die.
29       I am too mean a subject for thy wrath:
30       Be thou revenged on men, and let me live.
31 Lord Clifford.
32       In vain thou speak'st, poor boy; my father's blood
33       Hath stopp'd the passage where thy words should enter.
34 Edmond, Earl of Rutland.
35       Then let my father's blood open it again:
36       He is a man, and, Clifford, cope with him.
37 Lord Clifford.
38       Had thy brethren here, their lives and thine
39       Were not revenge sufficient for me;
40       No, if I digg'd up thy forefathers' graves
41       And hung their rotten coffins up in chains,
42       It could not slake mine ire, nor ease my heart.
43       The sight of any of the house of York
44       Is as a fury to torment my soul;
45       And till I root out their accursed line
46       And leave not one alive, I live in hell.
47       Therefore
48 [Lifting his hand]
49 Edmond, Earl of Rutland.
50       O, let me pray before I take my death!
51       To thee I pray; sweet Clifford, pity me!
52 Lord Clifford.
53       Such pity as my rapier's point affords.
54 Edmond, Earl of Rutland.
55       I never did thee harm: why wilt thou slay me?
56 Lord Clifford.
57       Thy father hath.
58 Edmond, Earl of Rutland.
59       But 'twas ere I was born.
60       Thou hast one son; for his sake pity me,
61       Lest in revenge thereof, sith God is just,
62       He be as miserably slain as I.
63       Ah, let me live in prison all my days;
64       And when I give occasion of offence,
65       Then let me die, for now thou hast no cause.
66 Lord Clifford.
67       No cause!
68       Thy father slew my father; therefore, die.
69 [Stabs him]
70 Edmond, Earl of Rutland.
71       Di faciant laudis summa sit ista tuae!
72 [Dies]
73 Lord Clifford.
74       Plantagenet! I come, Plantagenet!
75       And this thy son's blood cleaving to my blade
76       Shall rust upon my weapon, till thy blood,
77       Congeal'd with this, do make me wipe off both.
78 [Exit]

4. Act I, Scene 4

0 Another part of the field.
1 [Alarum. Enter YORK]
2 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
3       The army of the queen hath got the field:
4       My uncles both are slain in rescuing me;
5       And all my followers to the eager foe
6       Turn back and fly, like ships before the wind
7       Or lambs pursued by hunger-starved wolves.
8       My sons, God knows what hath bechanced them:
9       But this I know, they have demean'd themselves
10       Like men born to renown by life or death.
11       Three times did Richard make a lane to me.
12       And thrice cried 'Courage, father! fight it out!'
13       And full as oft came Edward to my side,
14       With purple falchion, painted to the hilt
15       In blood of those that had encounter'd him:
16       And when the hardiest warriors did retire,
17       Richard cried 'Charge! and give no foot of ground!'
18       And cried 'A crown, or else a glorious tomb!
19       A sceptre, or an earthly sepulchre!'
20       With this, we charged again: but, out, alas!
21       We bodged again; as I have seen a swan
22       With bootless labour swim against the tide
23       And spend her strength with over-matching waves.
24       [A short alarum within]
25       Ah, hark! the fatal followers do pursue;
26       And I am faint and cannot fly their fury:
27       And were I strong, I would not shun their fury:
28       The sands are number'd that make up my life;
29       Here must I stay, and here my life must end.
31       PRINCE EDWARD, and Soldiers]
32       Come, bloody Clifford, rough Northumberland,
33       I dare your quenchless fury to more rage:
34       I am your butt, and I abide your shot.
35 Earl of Northumberland.
36       Yield to our mercy, proud Plantagenet.
37 Lord Clifford.
38       Ay, to such mercy as his ruthless arm,
39       With downright payment, show'd unto my father.
40       Now Phaethon hath tumbled from his car,
41       And made an evening at the noontide prick.
42 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
43       My ashes, as the phoenix, may bring forth
44       A bird that will revenge upon you all:
45       And in that hope I throw mine eyes to heaven,
46       Scorning whate'er you can afflict me with.
47       Why come you not? what! multitudes, and fear?
48 Lord Clifford.
49       So cowards fight when they can fly no further;
50       So doves do peck the falcon's piercing talons;
51       So desperate thieves, all hopeless of their lives,
52       Breathe out invectives 'gainst the officers.
53 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
54       O Clifford, but bethink thee once again,
55       And in thy thought o'er-run my former time;
56       And, if though canst for blushing, view this face,
57       And bite thy tongue, that slanders him with cowardice
58       Whose frown hath made thee faint and fly ere this!
59 Lord Clifford.
60       I will not bandy with thee word for word,
61       But buckle with thee blows, twice two for one.
62 Queen Margaret.
63       Hold, valiant Clifford! for a thousand causes
64       I would prolong awhile the traitor's life.
65       Wrath makes him deaf: speak thou, Northumberland.
66 Earl of Northumberland.
67       Hold, Clifford! do not honour him so much
68       To prick thy finger, though to wound his heart:
69       What valour were it, when a cur doth grin,
70       For one to thrust his hand between his teeth,
71       When he might spurn him with his foot away?
72       It is war's prize to take all vantages;
73       And ten to one is no impeach of valour.
74 [They lay hands on YORK, who struggles]
75 Lord Clifford.
76       Ay, ay, so strives the woodcock with the gin.
77 Earl of Northumberland.
78       So doth the cony struggle in the net.
79 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
80       So triumph thieves upon their conquer'd booty;
81       So true men yield, with robbers so o'ermatch'd.
82 Earl of Northumberland.
83       What would your grace have done unto him now?
84 Queen Margaret.
85       Brave warriors, Clifford and Northumberland,
86       Come, make him stand upon this molehill here,
87       That raught at mountains with outstretched arms,
88       Yet parted but the shadow with his hand.
89       What! was it you that would be England's king?
90       Was't you that revell'd in our parliament,
91       And made a preachment of your high descent?
92       Where are your mess of sons to back you now?
93       The wanton Edward, and the lusty George?
94       And where's that valiant crook-back prodigy,
95       Dicky your boy, that with his grumbling voice
96       Was wont to cheer his dad in mutinies?
97       Or, with the rest, where is your darling Rutland?
98       Look, York: I stain'd this napkin with the blood
99       That valiant Clifford, with his rapier's point,
100       Made issue from the bosom of the boy;
101       And if thine eyes can water for his death,
102       I give thee this to dry thy cheeks withal.
103       Alas poor York! but that I hate thee deadly,
104       I should lament thy miserable state.
105       I prithee, grieve, to make me merry, York.
106       What, hath thy fiery heart so parch'd thine entrails
107       That not a tear can fall for Rutland's death?
108       Why art thou patient, man? thou shouldst be mad;
109       And I, to make thee mad, do mock thee thus.
110       Stamp, rave, and fret, that I may sing and dance.
111       Thou wouldst be fee'd, I see, to make me sport:
112       York cannot speak, unless he wear a crown.
113       A crown for York! and, lords, bow low to him:
114       Hold you his hands, whilst I do set it on.
115       [Putting a paper crown on his head]
116       Ay, marry, sir, now looks he like a king!
117       Ay, this is he that took King Henry's chair,
118       And this is he was his adopted heir.
119       But how is it that great Plantagenet
120       Is crown'd so soon, and broke his solemn oath?
121       As I bethink me, you should not be king
122       Till our King Henry had shook hands with death.
123       And will you pale your head in Henry's glory,
124       And rob his temples of the diadem,
125       Now in his life, against your holy oath?
126       O, 'tis a fault too too unpardonable!
127       Off with the crown, and with the crown his head;
128       And, whilst we breathe, take time to do him dead.
129 Lord Clifford.
130       That is my office, for my father's sake.
131 Queen Margaret.
132       Nay, stay; lets hear the orisons he makes.
133 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
134       She-wolf of France, but worse than wolves of France,
135       Whose tongue more poisons than the adder's tooth!
136       How ill-beseeming is it in thy sex
137       To triumph, like an Amazonian trull,
138       Upon their woes whom fortune captivates!
139       But that thy face is, vizard-like, unchanging,
140       Made impudent with use of evil deeds,
141       I would assay, proud queen, to make thee blush.
142       To tell thee whence thou camest, of whom derived,
143       Were shame enough to shame thee, wert thou not shameless.
144       Thy father bears the type of King of Naples,
145       Of both the Sicils and Jerusalem,
146       Yet not so wealthy as an English yeoman.
147       Hath that poor monarch taught thee to insult?
148       It needs not, nor it boots thee not, proud queen,
149       Unless the adage must be verified,
150       That beggars mounted run their horse to death.
151       'Tis beauty that doth oft make women proud;
152       But, God he knows, thy share thereof is small:
153       'Tis virtue that doth make them most admired;
154       The contrary doth make thee wonder'd at:
155       'Tis government that makes them seem divine;
156       The want thereof makes thee abominable:
157       Thou art as opposite to every good
158       As the Antipodes are unto us,
159       Or as the south to the septentrion.
160       O tiger's heart wrapt in a woman's hide!
161       How couldst thou drain the life-blood of the child,
162       To bid the father wipe his eyes withal,
163       And yet be seen to bear a woman's face?
164       Women are soft, mild, pitiful and flexible;
165       Thou stern, obdurate, flinty, rough, remorseless.
166       Bids't thou me rage? why, now thou hast thy wish:
167       Wouldst have me weep? why, now thou hast thy will:
168       For raging wind blows up incessant showers,
169       And when the rage allays, the rain begins.
170       These tears are my sweet Rutland's obsequies:
171       And every drop cries vengeance for his death,
172       'Gainst thee, fell Clifford, and thee, false
173       Frenchwoman.
174 Earl of Northumberland.
175       Beshrew me, but his passion moves me so
176       That hardly can I cheque my eyes from tears.
177 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
178       That face of his the hungry cannibals
179       Would not have touch'd, would not have stain'd with blood:
180       But you are more inhuman, more inexorable,
181       O, ten times more, than tigers of Hyrcania.
182       See, ruthless queen, a hapless father's tears:
183       This cloth thou dip'dst in blood of my sweet boy,
184       And I with tears do wash the blood away.
185       Keep thou the napkin, and go boast of this:
186       And if thou tell'st the heavy story right,
187       Upon my soul, the hearers will shed tears;
188       Yea even my foes will shed fast-falling tears,
189       And say 'Alas, it was a piteous deed!'
190       There, take the crown, and, with the crown, my curse;
191       And in thy need such comfort come to thee
192       As now I reap at thy too cruel hand!
193       Hard-hearted Clifford, take me from the world:
194       My soul to heaven, my blood upon your heads!
195 Earl of Northumberland.
196       Had he been slaughter-man to all my kin,
197       I should not for my life but weep with him.
198       To see how inly sorrow gripes his soul.
199 Queen Margaret.
200       What, weeping-ripe, my Lord Northumberland?
201       Think but upon the wrong he did us all,
202       And that will quickly dry thy melting tears.
203 Lord Clifford.
204       Here's for my oath, here's for my father's death.
205 [Stabbing him]
206 Queen Margaret.
207       And here's to right our gentle-hearted king.
208 [Stabbing him]
209 Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester).
210       Open Thy gate of mercy, gracious God!
211       My soul flies through these wounds to seek out Thee.
212 [Dies]
213 Queen Margaret.
214       Off with his head, and set it on York gates;
215       So York may overlook the town of York.
【 】 Act I
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◈ History of Henry VI, Part III (헨리 6세 3부) ◈

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