VS 여러분! 반갑습니다.    [로그인]   
  
키워드 :
  메인화면 (다빈치!지식놀이터) :: 다빈치! 원문/전문 > 문학 > 세계문학 > 희곡 영문 

◈ History of Henry V (헨리 5세) ◈

◇ Act I ◇

해설목차  서문  1권 2권  3권  4권  5권  1598
셰익스피어
목 차   [숨기기]
 1. Prologue
 2. Act I, Scene 1
 3. Act I, Scene 2

1. Prologue

 
0 [Enter Chorus]
 
1 Chorus.
2       O for a Muse of fire, that would ascend
3       The brightest heaven of invention,
4       A kingdom for a stage, princes to act
5       And monarchs to behold the swelling scene!
6       Then should the warlike Harry, like himself,
7       Assume the port of Mars; and at his heels,
8       Leash'd in like hounds, should famine, sword and fire
9       Crouch for employment. But pardon, and gentles all,
10       The flat unraised spirits that have dared
11       On this unworthy scaffold to bring forth
12       So great an object: can this cockpit hold
13       The vasty fields of France? or may we cram
14       Within this wooden O the very casques
15       That did affright the air at Agincourt?
16       O, pardon! since a crooked figure may
17       Attest in little place a million;
18       And let us, ciphers to this great accompt,
19       On your imaginary forces work.
20       Suppose within the girdle of these walls
21       Are now confined two mighty monarchies,
22       Whose high upreared and abutting fronts
23       The perilous narrow ocean parts asunder:
24       Piece out our imperfections with your thoughts;
25       Into a thousand parts divide on man,
26       And make imaginary puissance;
27       Think when we talk of horses, that you see them
28       Printing their proud hoofs i' the receiving earth;
29       For 'tis your thoughts that now must deck our kings,
30       Carry them here and there; jumping o'er times,
31       Turning the accomplishment of many years
32       Into an hour-glass: for the which supply,
33       Admit me Chorus to this history;
34       Who prologue-like your humble patience pray,
35       Gently to hear, kindly to judge, our play.
 
36 [Exit]
 

2. Act I, Scene 1

0 London. An ante-chamber in the KING’S palace.
 
1 [Enter the ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, and the BISHOP OF ELY]
 
2 Archbishop of Canterbury.
3       My lord, I'll tell you; that self bill is urged,
4       Which in the eleventh year of the last king's reign
5       Was like, and had indeed against us pass'd,
6       But that the scambling and unquiet time
7       Did push it out of farther question.
8 Bishop of Ely.
9       But how, my lord, shall we resist it now?
10 Archbishop of Canterbury.
11       It must be thought on. If it pass against us,
12       We lose the better half of our possession:
13       For all the temporal lands which men devout
14       By testament have given to the church
15       Would they strip from us; being valued thus:
16       As much as would maintain, to the king's honour,
17       Full fifteen earls and fifteen hundred knights,
18       Six thousand and two hundred good esquires;
19       And, to relief of lazars and weak age,
20       Of indigent faint souls past corporal toil.
21       A hundred almshouses right well supplied;
22       And to the coffers of the king beside,
23       A thousand pounds by the year: thus runs the bill.
24 Bishop of Ely.
25       This would drink deep.
26 Archbishop of Canterbury.
27       'Twould drink the cup and all.
28 Bishop of Ely.
29       But what prevention?
30 Archbishop of Canterbury.
31       The king is full of grace and fair regard.
32 Bishop of Ely.
33       And a true lover of the holy church.
34 Archbishop of Canterbury.
35       The courses of his youth promised it not.
36       The breath no sooner left his father's body,
37       But that his wildness, mortified in him,
38       Seem'd to die too; yea, at that very moment
39       Consideration, like an angel, came
40       And whipp'd the offending Adam out of him,
41       Leaving his body as a paradise,
42       To envelop and contain celestial spirits.
43       Never was such a sudden scholar made;
44       Never came reformation in a flood,
45       With such a heady currance, scouring faults
46       Nor never Hydra-headed wilfulness
47       So soon did lose his seat and all at once
48       As in this king.
49 Bishop of Ely.
50       We are blessed in the change.
51 Archbishop of Canterbury.
52       Hear him but reason in divinity,
53       And all-admiring with an inward wish
54       You would desire the king were made a prelate:
55       Hear him debate of commonwealth affairs,
56       You would say it hath been all in all his study:
57       List his discourse of war, and you shall hear
58       A fearful battle render'd you in music:
59       Turn him to any cause of policy,
60       The Gordian knot of it he will unloose,
61       Familiar as his garter: that, when he speaks,
62       The air, a charter'd libertine, is still,
63       And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears,
64       To steal his sweet and honey'd sentences;
65       So that the art and practic part of life
66       Must be the mistress to this theoric:
67       Which is a wonder how his grace should glean it,
68       Since his addiction was to courses vain,
69       His companies unletter'd, rude and shallow,
70       His hours fill'd up with riots, banquets, sports,
71       And never noted in him any study,
72       Any retirement, any sequestration
73       From open haunts and popularity.
74 Bishop of Ely.
75       The strawberry grows underneath the nettle
76       And wholesome berries thrive and ripen best
77       Neighbour'd by fruit of baser quality:
78       And so the prince obscured his contemplation
79       Under the veil of wildness; which, no doubt,
80       Grew like the summer grass, fastest by night,
81       Unseen, yet crescive in his faculty.
82 Archbishop of Canterbury.
83       It must be so; for miracles are ceased;
84       And therefore we must needs admit the means
85       How things are perfected.
86 Bishop of Ely.
87       But, my good lord,
88       How now for mitigation of this bill
89       Urged by the commons? Doth his majesty
90       Incline to it, or no?
91 Archbishop of Canterbury.
92       He seems indifferent,
93       Or rather swaying more upon our part
94       Than cherishing the exhibiters against us;
95       For I have made an offer to his majesty,
96       Upon our spiritual convocation
97       And in regard of causes now in hand,
98       Which I have open'd to his grace at large,
99       As touching France, to give a greater sum
100       Than ever at one time the clergy yet
101       Did to his predecessors part withal.
102 Bishop of Ely.
103       How did this offer seem received, my lord?
104 Archbishop of Canterbury.
105       With good acceptance of his majesty;
106       Save that there was not time enough to hear,
107       As I perceived his grace would fain have done,
108       The severals and unhidden passages
109       Of his true titles to some certain dukedoms
110       And generally to the crown and seat of France
111       Derived from Edward, his great-grandfather.
112 Bishop of Ely.
113       What was the impediment that broke this off?
114 Archbishop of Canterbury.
115       The French ambassador upon that instant
116       Craved audience; and the hour, I think, is come
117       To give him hearing: is it four o'clock?
118 Bishop of Ely.
119       It is.
120 Archbishop of Canterbury.
121       Then go we in, to know his embassy;
122       Which I could with a ready guess declare,
123       Before the Frenchman speak a word of it.
124 Bishop of Ely.
125       I'll wait upon you, and I long to hear it.
 
126 [Exeunt]
 

3. Act I, Scene 2

0 The same. The Presence chamber.
 
1 [Enter KING HENRY V, GLOUCESTER, BEDFORD, EXETER,] [p]WARWICK, WESTMORELAND, and Attendants]
 
2 Henry V.
3       Where is my gracious Lord of Canterbury?
4 Duke of Exeter.
5       Not here in presence.
6 Henry V.
7       Send for him, good uncle.
8 Earl of Westmoreland.
9       Shall we call in the ambassador, my liege?
10 Henry V.
11       Not yet, my cousin: we would be resolved,
12       Before we hear him, of some things of weight
13       That task our thoughts, concerning us and France.
 
14 [Enter the ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, and the BISHOP of ELY]
 
15 Archbishop of Canterbury.
16       God and his angels guard your sacred throne
17       And make you long become it!
18 Henry V.
19       Sure, we thank you.
20       My learned lord, we pray you to proceed
21       And justly and religiously unfold
22       Why the law Salique that they have in France
23       Or should, or should not, bar us in our claim:
24       And God forbid, my dear and faithful lord,
25       That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your reading,
26       Or nicely charge your understanding soul
27       With opening titles miscreate, whose right
28       Suits not in native colours with the truth;
29       For God doth know how many now in health
30       Shall drop their blood in approbation
31       Of what your reverence shall incite us to.
32       Therefore take heed how you impawn our person,
33       How you awake our sleeping sword of war:
34       We charge you, in the name of God, take heed;
35       For never two such kingdoms did contend
36       Without much fall of blood; whose guiltless drops
37       Are every one a woe, a sore complaint
38       'Gainst him whose wrong gives edge unto the swords
39       That make such waste in brief mortality.
40       Under this conjuration, speak, my lord;
41       For we will hear, note and believe in heart
42       That what you speak is in your conscience wash'd
43       As pure as sin with baptism.
44 Archbishop of Canterbury.
45       Then hear me, gracious sovereign, and you peers,
46       That owe yourselves, your lives and services
47       To this imperial throne. There is no bar
48       To make against your highness' claim to France
49       But this, which they produce from Pharamond,
50       'In terram Salicam mulieres ne succedant:'
51       'No woman shall succeed in Salique land:'
52       Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze
53       To be the realm of France, and Pharamond
54       The founder of this law and female bar.
55       Yet their own authors faithfully affirm
56       That the land Salique is in Germany,
57       Between the floods of Sala and of Elbe;
58       Where Charles the Great, having subdued the Saxons,
59       There left behind and settled certain French;
60       Who, holding in disdain the German women
61       For some dishonest manners of their life,
62       Establish'd then this law; to wit, no female
63       Should be inheritrix in Salique land:
64       Which Salique, as I said, 'twixt Elbe and Sala,
65       Is at this day in Germany call'd Meisen.
66       Then doth it well appear that Salique law
67       Was not devised for the realm of France:
68       Nor did the French possess the Salique land
69       Until four hundred one and twenty years
70       After defunction of King Pharamond,
71       Idly supposed the founder of this law;
72       Who died within the year of our redemption
73       Four hundred twenty-six; and Charles the Great
74       Subdued the Saxons, and did seat the French
75       Beyond the river Sala, in the year
76       Eight hundred five. Besides, their writers say,
77       King Pepin, which deposed Childeric,
78       Did, as heir general, being descended
79       Of Blithild, which was daughter to King Clothair,
80       Make claim and title to the crown of France.
81       Hugh Capet also, who usurped the crown
82       Of Charles the duke of Lorraine, sole heir male
83       Of the true line and stock of Charles the Great,
84       To find his title with some shows of truth,
85       'Through, in pure truth, it was corrupt and naught,
86       Convey'd himself as heir to the Lady Lingare,
87       Daughter to Charlemain, who was the son
88       To Lewis the emperor, and Lewis the son
89       Of Charles the Great. Also King Lewis the Tenth,
90       Who was sole heir to the usurper Capet,
91       Could not keep quiet in his conscience,
92       Wearing the crown of France, till satisfied
93       That fair Queen Isabel, his grandmother,
94       Was lineal of the Lady Ermengare,
95       Daughter to Charles the foresaid duke of Lorraine:
96       By the which marriage the line of Charles the Great
97       Was re-united to the crown of France.
98       So that, as clear as is the summer's sun.
99       King Pepin's title and Hugh Capet's claim,
100       King Lewis his satisfaction, all appear
101       To hold in right and title of the female:
102       So do the kings of France unto this day;
103       Howbeit they would hold up this Salique law
104       To bar your highness claiming from the female,
105       And rather choose to hide them in a net
106       Than amply to imbar their crooked titles
107       Usurp'd from you and your progenitors.
108 Henry V.
109       May I with right and conscience make this claim?
110 Archbishop of Canterbury.
111       The sin upon my head, dread sovereign!
112       For in the book of Numbers is it writ,
113       When the man dies, let the inheritance
114       Descend unto the daughter. Gracious lord,
115       Stand for your own; unwind your bloody flag;
116       Look back into your mighty ancestors:
117       Go, my dread lord, to your great-grandsire's tomb,
118       From whom you claim; invoke his warlike spirit,
119       And your great-uncle's, Edward the Black Prince,
120       Who on the French ground play'd a tragedy,
121       Making defeat on the full power of France,
122       Whiles his most mighty father on a hill
123       Stood smiling to behold his lion's whelp
124       Forage in blood of French nobility.
125       O noble English. that could entertain
126       With half their forces the full Pride of France
127       And let another half stand laughing by,
128       All out of work and cold for action!
129 Bishop of Ely.
130       Awake remembrance of these valiant dead
131       And with your puissant arm renew their feats:
132       You are their heir; you sit upon their throne;
133       The blood and courage that renowned them
134       Runs in your veins; and my thrice-puissant liege
135       Is in the very May-morn of his youth,
136       Ripe for exploits and mighty enterprises.
137 Duke of Exeter.
138       Your brother kings and monarchs of the earth
139       Do all expect that you should rouse yourself,
140       As did the former lions of your blood.
141 Earl of Westmoreland.
142       They know your grace hath cause and means and might;
143       So hath your highness; never king of England
144       Had nobles richer and more loyal subjects,
145       Whose hearts have left their bodies here in England
146       And lie pavilion'd in the fields of France.
147 Archbishop of Canterbury.
148       O, let their bodies follow, my dear liege,
149       With blood and sword and fire to win your right;
150       In aid whereof we of the spiritualty
151       Will raise your highness such a mighty sum
152       As never did the clergy at one time
153       Bring in to any of your ancestors.
154 Henry V.
155       We must not only arm to invade the French,
156       But lay down our proportions to defend
157       Against the Scot, who will make road upon us
158       With all advantages.
159 Archbishop of Canterbury.
160       They of those marches, gracious sovereign,
161       Shall be a wall sufficient to defend
162       Our inland from the pilfering borderers.
163 Henry V.
164       We do not mean the coursing snatchers only,
165       But fear the main intendment of the Scot,
166       Who hath been still a giddy neighbour to us;
167       For you shall read that my great-grandfather
168       Never went with his forces into France
169       But that the Scot on his unfurnish'd kingdom
170       Came pouring, like the tide into a breach,
171       With ample and brim fulness of his force,
172       Galling the gleaned land with hot assays,
173       Girding with grievous siege castles and towns;
174       That England, being empty of defence,
175       Hath shook and trembled at the ill neighbourhood.
176 Archbishop of Canterbury.
177       She hath been then more fear'd than harm'd, my liege;
178       For hear her but exampled by herself:
179       When all her chivalry hath been in France
180       And she a mourning widow of her nobles,
181       She hath herself not only well defended
182       But taken and impounded as a stray
183       The King of Scots; whom she did send to France,
184       To fill King Edward's fame with prisoner kings
185       And make her chronicle as rich with praise
186       As is the ooze and bottom of the sea
187       With sunken wreck and sunless treasuries.
188 Earl of Westmoreland.
189       But there's a saying very old and true,
190       'If that you will France win,
191       Then with Scotland first begin:'
192       For once the eagle England being in prey,
193       To her unguarded nest the weasel Scot
194       Comes sneaking and so sucks her princely eggs,
195       Playing the mouse in absence of the cat,
196       To tear and havoc more than she can eat.
197 Duke of Exeter.
198       It follows then the cat must stay at home:
199       Yet that is but a crush'd necessity,
200       Since we have locks to safeguard necessaries,
201       And pretty traps to catch the petty thieves.
202       While that the armed hand doth fight abroad,
203       The advised head defends itself at home;
204       For government, though high and low and lower,
205       Put into parts, doth keep in one consent,
206       Congreeing in a full and natural close,
207       Like music.
208 Archbishop of Canterbury.
209       Therefore doth heaven divide
210       The state of man in divers functions,
211       Setting endeavour in continual motion;
212       To which is fixed, as an aim or butt,
213       Obedience: for so work the honey-bees,
214       Creatures that by a rule in nature teach
215       The act of order to a peopled kingdom.
216       They have a king and officers of sorts;
217       Where some, like magistrates, correct at home,
218       Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad,
219       Others, like soldiers, armed in their stings,
220       Make boot upon the summer's velvet buds,
221       Which pillage they with merry march bring home
222       To the tent-royal of their emperor;
223       Who, busied in his majesty, surveys
224       The singing masons building roofs of gold,
225       The civil citizens kneading up the honey,
226       The poor mechanic porters crowding in
227       Their heavy burdens at his narrow gate,
228       The sad-eyed justice, with his surly hum,
229       Delivering o'er to executors pale
230       The lazy yawning drone. I this infer,
231       That many things, having full reference
232       To one consent, may work contrariously:
233       As many arrows, loosed several ways,
234       Come to one mark; as many ways meet in one town;
235       As many fresh streams meet in one salt sea;
236       As many lines close in the dial's centre;
237       So may a thousand actions, once afoot.
238       End in one purpose, and be all well borne
239       Without defeat. Therefore to France, my liege.
240       Divide your happy England into four;
241       Whereof take you one quarter into France,
242       And you withal shall make all Gallia shake.
243       If we, with thrice such powers left at home,
244       Cannot defend our own doors from the dog,
245       Let us be worried and our nation lose
246       The name of hardiness and policy.
247 Henry V.
248       Call in the messengers sent from the Dauphin.
249       [Exeunt some Attendants]
250       Now are we well resolved; and, by God's help,
251       And yours, the noble sinews of our power,
252       France being ours, we'll bend it to our awe,
253       Or break it all to pieces: or there we'll sit,
254       Ruling in large and ample empery
255       O'er France and all her almost kingly dukedoms,
256       Or lay these bones in an unworthy urn,
257       Tombless, with no remembrance over them:
258       Either our history shall with full mouth
259       Speak freely of our acts, or else our grave,
260       Like Turkish mute, shall have a tongueless mouth,
261       Not worshipp'd with a waxen epitaph.
262       [Enter Ambassadors of France]
263       Now are we well prepared to know the pleasure
264       Of our fair cousin Dauphin; for we hear
265       Your greeting is from him, not from the king.
266 First Ambassador.
267       May't please your majesty to give us leave
268       Freely to render what we have in charge;
269       Or shall we sparingly show you far off
270       The Dauphin's meaning and our embassy?
271 Henry V.
272       We are no tyrant, but a Christian king;
273       Unto whose grace our passion is as subject
274       As are our wretches fetter'd in our prisons:
275       Therefore with frank and with uncurbed plainness
276       Tell us the Dauphin's mind.
277 First Ambassador.
278       Thus, then, in few.
279       Your highness, lately sending into France,
280       Did claim some certain dukedoms, in the right
281       Of your great predecessor, King Edward the Third.
282       In answer of which claim, the prince our master
283       Says that you savour too much of your youth,
284       And bids you be advised there's nought in France
285       That can be with a nimble galliard won;
286       You cannot revel into dukedoms there.
287       He therefore sends you, meeter for your spirit,
288       This tun of treasure; and, in lieu of this,
289       Desires you let the dukedoms that you claim
290       Hear no more of you. This the Dauphin speaks.
291 Henry V.
292       What treasure, uncle?
293 Duke of Exeter.
294       Tennis-balls, my liege.
295 Henry V.
296       We are glad the Dauphin is so pleasant with us;
297       His present and your pains we thank you for:
298       When we have march'd our rackets to these balls,
299       We will, in France, by God's grace, play a set
300       Shall strike his father's crown into the hazard.
301       Tell him he hath made a match with such a wrangler
302       That all the courts of France will be disturb'd
303       With chaces. And we understand him well,
304       How he comes o'er us with our wilder days,
305       Not measuring what use we made of them.
306       We never valued this poor seat of England;
307       And therefore, living hence, did give ourself
308       To barbarous licence; as 'tis ever common
309       That men are merriest when they are from home.
310       But tell the Dauphin I will keep my state,
311       Be like a king and show my sail of greatness
312       When I do rouse me in my throne of France:
313       For that I have laid by my majesty
314       And plodded like a man for working-days,
315       But I will rise there with so full a glory
316       That I will dazzle all the eyes of France,
317       Yea, strike the Dauphin blind to look on us.
318       And tell the pleasant prince this mock of his
319       Hath turn'd his balls to gun-stones; and his soul
320       Shall stand sore charged for the wasteful vengeance
321       That shall fly with them: for many a thousand widows
322       Shall this his mock mock out of their dear husbands;
323       Mock mothers from their sons, mock castles down;
324       And some are yet ungotten and unborn
325       That shall have cause to curse the Dauphin's scorn.
326       But this lies all within the will of God,
327       To whom I do appeal; and in whose name
328       Tell you the Dauphin I am coming on,
329       To venge me as I may and to put forth
330       My rightful hand in a well-hallow'd cause.
331       So get you hence in peace; and tell the Dauphin
332       His jest will savour but of shallow wit,
333       When thousands weep more than did laugh at it.
334       Convey them with safe conduct. Fare you well.
 
335 [Exeunt Ambassadors]
 
336 Duke of Exeter.
337       This was a merry message.
338 Henry V.
339       We hope to make the sender blush at it.
340       Therefore, my lords, omit no happy hour
341       That may give furtherance to our expedition;
342       For we have now no thought in us but France,
343       Save those to God, that run before our business.
344       Therefore let our proportions for these wars
345       Be soon collected and all things thought upon
346       That may with reasonable swiftness add
347       More feathers to our wings; for, God before,
348       We'll chide this Dauphin at his father's door.
349       Therefore let every man now task his thought,
350       That this fair action may on foot be brought.
 
【 】Act I
▣ 한줄평 (부가정보나 한줄평을 입력하는 코너입니다.)
전체 의견 0
“미게시작품”
▪ 분류 : 희곡
- 전체 순위 : 811 위 (2등급)
- 분류 순위 : 21 위 / 43 개
(최근 3개월 조회수 : 28)
카달로그 로 가기
◈ 영어독해모드 ◈
영어단어장 가기
▣ 함께 조회한 작품
(최근일주일간)
▣ 참조 카달로그
▣ 기본 정보
◈ 기본
 
◈ 참조
▣ 참조 정보 (쪽별)
백과 참조
셰익스피어 희곡 (역사극)
목록 참조
【목록】셰익스피어
외부 참조
 
백과사전 연결하기
▣ 인용 디렉터리
☞ [인물] 셰익스피어

  메인화면 (다빈치!지식놀이터) :: 다빈치! 원문/전문 > 문학 > 세계문학 > 희곡 해설목차  서문  1권 2권  3권  4권  5권  영문 

◈ History of Henry V (헨리 5세) ◈

©2004 General Libraries

페이지 최종 수정일: 2004년 1월 1일