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◈ The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (햄릿) ◈

◇ Act II ◇

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1. Act II, Scene 1

0 Elsinore. A room in the house of Polonius.
 
1 Enter Polonius and Reynaldo.
 
2 Polonius.
3       Give him this money and these notes, Reynaldo.
4 Reynaldo.
5       I will, my lord.
6 Polonius.
7       You shall do marvell's wisely, good Reynaldo,
8       Before You visit him, to make inquire
9       Of his behaviour.
10 Reynaldo.
11       My lord, I did intend it.
12 Polonius.
13       Marry, well said, very well said. Look you, sir,
14       Enquire me first what Danskers are in Paris;
15       And how, and who, what means, and where they keep,
16       What company, at what expense; and finding
17       By this encompassment and drift of question
18       That they do know my son, come you more nearer
19       Than your particular demands will touch it.
20       Take you, as 'twere, some distant knowledge of him;
21       As thus, 'I know his father and his friends,
22       And in part him.' Do you mark this, Reynaldo?
23 Reynaldo.
24       Ay, very well, my lord.
25 Polonius.
26       'And in part him, but,' you may say, 'not well.
27       But if't be he I mean, he's very wild
28       Addicted so and so'; and there put on him
29       What forgeries you please; marry, none so rank
30       As may dishonour him- take heed of that;
31       But, sir, such wanton, wild, and usual slips
32       As are companions noted and most known
33       To youth and liberty.
34 Reynaldo.
35       As gaming, my lord.
36 Polonius.
37       Ay, or drinking, fencing, swearing, quarrelling,
38       Drabbing. You may go so far.
39 Reynaldo.
40       My lord, that would dishonour him.
41 Polonius.
42       Faith, no, as you may season it in the charge.
43       You must not put another scandal on him,
44       That he is open to incontinency.
45       That's not my meaning. But breathe his faults so quaintly
46       That they may seem the taints of liberty,
47       The flash and outbreak of a fiery mind,
48       A savageness in unreclaimed blood,
49       Of general assault.
50 Reynaldo.
51       But, my good lord-
52 Polonius.
53       Wherefore should you do this?
54 Reynaldo.
55       Ay, my lord,
56       I would know that.
57 Polonius.
58       Marry, sir, here's my drift,
59       And I believe it is a fetch of warrant.
60       You laying these slight sullies on my son
61       As 'twere a thing a little soil'd i' th' working,
62       Mark you,
63       Your party in converse, him you would sound,
64       Having ever seen in the prenominate crimes
65       The youth you breathe of guilty, be assur'd
66       He closes with you in this consequence:
67       'Good sir,' or so, or 'friend,' or 'gentleman'-
68       According to the phrase or the addition
69       Of man and country-
70 Reynaldo.
71       Very good, my lord.
72 Polonius.
73       And then, sir, does 'a this- 'a does- What was I about to say?
74       By the mass, I was about to say something! Where did I leave?
75 Reynaldo.
76       At 'closes in the consequence,' at 'friend or so,' and
77       gentleman.'
78 Polonius.
79       At 'closes in the consequence'- Ay, marry!
80       He closes thus: 'I know the gentleman.
81       I saw him yesterday, or t'other day,
82       Or then, or then, with such or such; and, as you say,
83       There was 'a gaming; there o'ertook in's rouse;
84       There falling out at tennis'; or perchance,
85       'I saw him enter such a house of sale,'
86       Videlicet, a brothel, or so forth.
87       See you now-
88       Your bait of falsehood takes this carp of truth;
89       And thus do we of wisdom and of reach,
90       With windlasses and with assays of bias,
91       By indirections find directions out.
92       So, by my former lecture and advice,
93       Shall you my son. You have me, have you not?
94 Reynaldo.
95       My lord, I have.
96 Polonius.
97       God b' wi' ye, fare ye well!
98 Reynaldo.
99       Good my lord![Going.]
100 Polonius.
101       Observe his inclination in yourself.
102 Reynaldo.
103       I shall, my lord.
104 Polonius.
105       And let him ply his music.
106 Reynaldo.
107       Well, my lord.
108 Polonius.
109       Farewell!
110       [Exit Reynaldo.]
111       [Enter Ophelia.]
112       How now, Ophelia? What's the matter?
113 Ophelia.
114       O my lord, my lord, I have been so affrighted!
115 Polonius.
116       With what, i' th' name of God?
117 Ophelia.
118       My lord, as I was sewing in my closet,
119       Lord Hamlet, with his doublet all unbrac'd,
120       No hat upon his head, his stockings foul'd,
121       Ungart'red, and down-gyved to his ankle;
122       Pale as his shirt, his knees knocking each other,
123       And with a look so piteous in purport
124       As if he had been loosed out of hell
125       To speak of horrors- he comes before me.
126 Polonius.
127       Mad for thy love?
128 Ophelia.
129       My lord, I do not know,
130       But truly I do fear it.
131 Polonius.
132       What said he?
133 Ophelia.
134       He took me by the wrist and held me hard;
135       Then goes he to the length of all his arm,
136       And, with his other hand thus o'er his brow,
137       He falls to such perusal of my face
138       As he would draw it. Long stay'd he so.
139       At last, a little shaking of mine arm,
140       And thrice his head thus waving up and down,
141       He rais'd a sigh so piteous and profound
142       As it did seem to shatter all his bulk
143       And end his being. That done, he lets me go,
144       And with his head over his shoulder turn'd
145       He seem'd to find his way without his eyes,
146       For out o' doors he went without their help
147       And to the last bended their light on me.
148 Polonius.
149       Come, go with me. I will go seek the King.
150       This is the very ecstasy of love,
151       Whose violent property fordoes itself
152       And leads the will to desperate undertakings
153       As oft as any passion under heaven
154       That does afflict our natures. I am sorry.
155       What, have you given him any hard words of late?
156 Ophelia.
157       No, my good lord; but, as you did command,
158       I did repel his letters and denied
159       His access to me.
160 Polonius.
161       That hath made him mad.
162       I am sorry that with better heed and judgment
163       I had not quoted him. I fear'd he did but trifle
164       And meant to wrack thee; but beshrew my jealousy!
165       By heaven, it is as proper to our age
166       To cast beyond ourselves in our opinions
167       As it is common for the younger sort
168       To lack discretion. Come, go we to the King.
169       This must be known; which, being kept close, might move
170       More grief to hide than hate to utter love.
171       Come.
 
172 Exeunt.
 

2. Act II, Scene 2

0 Elsinore. A room in the Castle.
 
1 Flourish. [Enter King and Queen, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, cum aliis.
 
2 Claudius.
3       Welcome, dear Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.
4       Moreover that we much did long to see you,
5       The need we have to use you did provoke
6       Our hasty sending. Something have you heard
7       Of Hamlet's transformation. So I call it,
8       Sith nor th' exterior nor the inward man
9       Resembles that it was. What it should be,
10       More than his father's death, that thus hath put him
11       So much from th' understanding of himself,
12       I cannot dream of. I entreat you both
13       That, being of so young days brought up with him,
14       And since so neighbour'd to his youth and haviour,
15       That you vouchsafe your rest here in our court
16       Some little time; so by your companies
17       To draw him on to pleasures, and to gather
18       So much as from occasion you may glean,
19       Whether aught to us unknown afflicts him thus
20       That, open'd, lies within our remedy.
21 Gertrude.
22       Good gentlemen, he hath much talk'd of you,
23       And sure I am two men there are not living
24       To whom he more adheres. If it will please you
25       To show us so much gentry and good will
26       As to expend your time with us awhile
27       For the supply and profit of our hope,
28       Your visitation shall receive such thanks
29       As fits a king's remembrance.
30 Rosencrantz.
31       Both your Majesties
32       Might, by the sovereign power you have of us,
33       Put your dread pleasures more into command
34       Than to entreaty.
35 Guildenstern.
36       But we both obey,
37       And here give up ourselves, in the full bent,
38       To lay our service freely at your feet,
39       To be commanded.
40 Claudius.
41       Thanks, Rosencrantz and gentle Guildenstern.
42 Gertrude.
43       Thanks, Guildenstern and gentle Rosencrantz.
44       And I beseech you instantly to visit
45       My too much changed son.- Go, some of you,
46       And bring these gentlemen where Hamlet is.
47 Guildenstern.
48       Heavens make our presence and our practices
49       Pleasant and helpful to him!
50 Gertrude.
51       Ay, amen!
 
52 Exeunt Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, [with some Attendants].
 
53 Enter Polonius.
 
54 Polonius.
55       Th' ambassadors from Norway, my good lord,
56       Are joyfully return'd.
57 Claudius.
58       Thou still hast been the father of good news.
59 Polonius.
60       Have I, my lord? Assure you, my good liege,
61       I hold my duty as I hold my soul,
62       Both to my God and to my gracious king;
63       And I do think- or else this brain of mine
64       Hunts not the trail of policy so sure
65       As it hath us'd to do- that I have found
66       The very cause of Hamlet's lunacy.
67 Claudius.
68       O, speak of that! That do I long to hear.
69 Polonius.
70       Give first admittance to th' ambassadors.
71       My news shall be the fruit to that great feast.
72 Claudius.
73       Thyself do grace to them, and bring them in.
74       [Exit Polonius.]
75       He tells me, my dear Gertrude, he hath found
76       The head and source of all your son's distemper.
77 Gertrude.
78       I doubt it is no other but the main,
79       His father's death and our o'erhasty marriage.
80 Claudius.
81       Well, we shall sift him.
82       [Enter Polonius, Voltemand, and Cornelius.]
83       Welcome, my good friends.
84       Say, Voltemand, what from our brother Norway?
85 Voltemand.
86       Most fair return of greetings and desires.
87       Upon our first, he sent out to suppress
88       His nephew's levies; which to him appear'd
89       To be a preparation 'gainst the Polack,
90       But better look'd into, he truly found
91       It was against your Highness; whereat griev'd,
92       That so his sickness, age, and impotence
93       Was falsely borne in hand, sends out arrests
94       On Fortinbras; which he, in brief, obeys,
95       Receives rebuke from Norway, and, in fine,
96       Makes vow before his uncle never more
97       To give th' assay of arms against your Majesty.
98       Whereon old Norway, overcome with joy,
99       Gives him three thousand crowns in annual fee
100       And his commission to employ those soldiers,
101       So levied as before, against the Polack;
102       With an entreaty, herein further shown,
103       [Gives a paper.]
104       That it might please you to give quiet pass
105       Through your dominions for this enterprise,
106       On such regards of safety and allowance
107       As therein are set down.
108 Claudius.
109       It likes us well;
110       And at our more consider'd time we'll read,
111       Answer, and think upon this business.
112       Meantime we thank you for your well-took labour.
113       Go to your rest; at night we'll feast together.
114       Most welcome home![Exeunt Ambassadors.]
115 Polonius.
116       This business is well ended.
117       My liege, and madam, to expostulate
118       What majesty should be, what duty is,
119       Why day is day, night is night, and time is time.
120       Were nothing but to waste night, day, and time.
121       Therefore, since brevity is the soul of wit,
122       And tediousness the limbs and outward flourishes,
123       I will be brief. Your noble son is mad.
124       Mad call I it; for, to define true madness,
125       What is't but to be nothing else but mad?
126       But let that go.
127 Gertrude.
128       More matter, with less art.
129 Polonius.
130       Madam, I swear I use no art at all.
131       That he is mad, 'tis true: 'tis true 'tis pity;
132       And pity 'tis 'tis true. A foolish figure!
133       But farewell it, for I will use no art.
134       Mad let us grant him then. And now remains
135       That we find out the cause of this effect-
136       Or rather say, the cause of this defect,
137       For this effect defective comes by cause.
138       Thus it remains, and the remainder thus.
139       Perpend.
140       I have a daughter(have while she is mine),
141       Who in her duty and obedience, mark,
142       Hath given me this. Now gather, and surmise.
143       [Reads]the letter.]
144       'To the celestial, and my soul's idol, the most beautified Ophelia,'-
145       That's an ill phrase, a vile phrase; 'beautified' is a vile phrase.
146       But you shall hear. Thus:
147       [Reads.]
148       'In her excellent white bosom, these, &c.'
149 Gertrude.
150       Came this from Hamlet to her?
151 Polonius.
152       Good madam, stay awhile. I will be faithful.[Reads.]
153       'Doubt thou the stars are fire;
154       Doubt that the sun doth move;
155       Doubt truth to be a liar;
156       But never doubt I love.
157       'O dear Ophelia, I am ill at these numbers; I have not art to
158       reckon my groans; but that I love thee best, O most best, believe
159       it. Adieu.
160       'Thine evermore, most dear lady, whilst this machine is to
161       him, HAMLET.'
162       This, in obedience, hath my daughter shown me;
163       And more above, hath his solicitings,
164       As they fell out by time, by means, and place,
165       All given to mine ear.
166 Claudius.
167       But how hath she
168       Receiv'd his love?
169 Polonius.
170       What do you think of me?
171 Claudius.
172       As of a man faithful and honourable.
173 Polonius.
174       I would fain prove so. But what might you think,
175       When I had seen this hot love on the wing
176       (As I perceiv'd it, I must tell you that,
177       Before my daughter told me), what might you,
178       Or my dear Majesty your queen here, think,
179       If I had play'd the desk or table book,
180       Or given my heart a winking, mute and dumb,
181       Or look'd upon this love with idle sight?
182       What might you think? No, I went round to work
183       And my young mistress thus I did bespeak:
184       'Lord Hamlet is a prince, out of thy star.
185       This must not be.' And then I prescripts gave her,
186       That she should lock herself from his resort,
187       Admit no messengers, receive no tokens.
188       Which done, she took the fruits of my advice,
189       And he, repulsed, a short tale to make,
190       Fell into a sadness, then into a fast,
191       Thence to a watch, thence into a weakness,
192       Thence to a lightness, and, by this declension,
193       Into the madness wherein now he raves,
194       And all we mourn for.
4 Claudius.
5       Do you think 'tis this?
6 Gertrude.
7       it may be, very like.
8 Polonius.
9       Hath there been such a time- I would fain know that-
10       That I have Positively said 'Tis so,'
11       When it prov'd otherwise.?
12 Claudius.
13       Not that I know.
14 Polonius.
15       [points to his head and shoulder]Take this from this, if this be otherwise.
16       If circumstances lead me, I will find
17       Where truth is hid, though it were hid indeed
18       Within the centre.
19 Claudius.
20       How may we try it further?
21 Polonius.
22       You know sometimes he walks for hours together
23       Here in the lobby.
24 Gertrude.
25       So he does indeed.
26 Polonius.
27       At such a time I'll loose my daughter to him.
28       Be you and I behind an arras then.
29       Mark the encounter. If he love her not,
30       And he not from his reason fall'n thereon
31       Let me be no assistant for a state,
32       But keep a farm and carters.
33 Claudius.
34       We will try it.
 
35 Enter Hamlet, reading on a book.
 
36 Gertrude.
37       But look where sadly the poor wretch comes reading.
38 Polonius.
39       Away, I do beseech you, both away
40       I'll board him presently. O, give me leave.
41       [Exeunt King and Queen, [with Attendants].]
42       How does my good Lord Hamlet?
43 Hamlet.
44       Well, God-a-mercy.
45 Polonius.
46       Do you know me, my lord?
47 Hamlet.
48       Excellent well. You are a fishmonger.
49 Polonius.
50       Not I, my lord.
51 Hamlet.
52       Then I would you were so honest a man.
53 Polonius.
54       Honest, my lord?
55 Hamlet.
56       Ay, sir. To be honest, as this world goes, is to be one man
57       pick'd out of ten thousand.
58 Polonius.
59       That's very true, my lord.
60 Hamlet.
61       For if the sun breed maggots in a dead dog, being a god
62       kissing carrion- Have you a daughter?
63 Polonius.
64       I have, my lord.
65 Hamlet.
66       Let her not walk i' th' sun. Conception is a blessing, but not
67       as your daughter may conceive. Friend, look to't.
68 Polonius.
69       [aside]How say you by that? Still harping on my daughter. Yet
70       he knew me not at first. He said I was a fishmonger. He is far
71       gone, far gone! And truly in my youth I suff'red much extremity
72       for love- very near this. I'll speak to him again.- What do you
73       read, my lord?
74 Hamlet.
75       Words, words, words.
76 Polonius.
77       What is the matter, my lord?
78 Hamlet.
79       Between who?
80 Polonius.
81       I mean, the matter that you read, my lord.
82 Hamlet.
83       Slanders, sir; for the satirical rogue says here that old men
84       have grey beards; that their faces are wrinkled; their eyes
85       purging thick amber and plum-tree gum; and that they have a
86       plentiful lack of wit, together with most weak hams. All which,
87       sir, though I most powerfully and potently believe, yet I hold it
88       not honesty to have it thus set down; for you yourself, sir,
89       should be old as I am if, like a crab, you could go backward.
90 Polonius.
91       [aside]Though this be madness, yet there is a method in't.-
92       Will You walk out of the air, my lord?
93 Hamlet.
94       Into my grave?
95 Polonius.
96       Indeed, that is out o' th' air.[Aside]How pregnant sometimes
97       his replies are! a happiness that often madness hits on, which
98       reason and sanity could not so prosperously be delivered of. I
99       will leave him and suddenly contrive the means of meeting between
100       him and my daughter.- My honourable lord, I will most humbly take
101       my leave of you.
102 Hamlet.
103       You cannot, sir, take from me anything that I will more
104       willingly part withal- except my life, except my life, except my
105       life,
 
106 Enter Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.
 
107 Polonius.
108       Fare you well, my lord.
109 Hamlet.
110       These tedious old fools!
111 Polonius.
112       You go to seek the Lord Hamlet. There he is.
113 Rosencrantz.
114       [to Polonius]God save you, sir!
 
115 Exit [Polonius].
 
116 Guildenstern.
117       My honour'd lord!
118 Rosencrantz.
119       My most dear lord!
120 Hamlet.
121       My excellent good friends! How dost thou, Guildenstern? Ah,
122       Rosencrantz! Good lads, how do ye both?
123 Rosencrantz.
124       As the indifferent children of the earth.
125 Guildenstern.
126       Happy in that we are not over-happy.
127       On Fortune's cap we are not the very button.
128 Hamlet.
129       Nor the soles of her shoe?
130 Rosencrantz.
131       Neither, my lord.
132 Hamlet.
133       Then you live about her waist, or in the middle of her
134       favours?
135 Guildenstern.
136       Faith, her privates we.
137 Hamlet.
138       In the secret parts of Fortune? O! most true! she is a
139       strumpet. What news ?
140 Rosencrantz.
141       None, my lord, but that the world's grown honest.
142 Hamlet.
143       Then is doomsday near! But your news is not true. Let me
144       question more in particular. What have you, my good friends,
145       deserved at the hands of Fortune that she sends you to prison
146       hither?
147 Guildenstern.
148       Prison, my lord?
149 Hamlet.
150       Denmark's a prison.
151 Rosencrantz.
152       Then is the world one.
153 Hamlet.
154       A goodly one; in which there are many confines, wards, and
155       dungeons, Denmark being one o' th' worst.
156 Rosencrantz.
157       We think not so, my lord.
158 Hamlet.
159       Why, then 'tis none to you; for there is nothing either good
160       or bad but thinking makes it so. To me it is a prison.
161 Rosencrantz.
162       Why, then your ambition makes it one. 'Tis too narrow for your
163       mind.
164 Hamlet.
165       O God, I could be bounded in a nutshell and count myself a
166       king of infinite space, were it not that I have bad dreams.
167 Guildenstern.
168       Which dreams indeed are ambition; for the very substance of
169       the ambitious is merely the shadow of a dream.
170 Hamlet.
171       A dream itself is but a shadow.
172 Rosencrantz.
173       Truly, and I hold ambition of so airy and light a quality that
174       it is but a shadow's shadow.
175 Hamlet.
176       Then are our beggars bodies, and our monarchs and outstretch'd
177       heroes the beggars' shadows. Shall we to th' court? for, by my
178       fay, I cannot reason.
179 Rosencrantz.
180       [with Guildenstern]We'll wait upon you.
181 Hamlet.
182       No such matter! I will not sort you with the rest of my
183       servants; for, to speak to you like an honest man, I am most
184       dreadfully attended. But in the beaten way of friendship, what
185       make you at Elsinore?
186 Rosencrantz.
187       To visit you, my lord; no other occasion.
188 Hamlet.
189       Beggar that I am, I am even poor in thanks; but I thank you;
190       and sure, dear friends, my thanks are too dear a halfpenny. Were
191       you not sent for? Is it your own inclining? Is it a free
192       visitation? Come, deal justly with me. Come, come! Nay, speak.
193 Guildenstern.
194       What should we say, my lord?
195 Hamlet.
196       Why, anything- but to th' purpose. You were sent for; and
197       there is a kind of confession in your looks, which your modesties
198       have not craft enough to colour. I know the good King and Queen
199       have sent for you.
200 Rosencrantz.
201       To what end, my lord?
202 Hamlet.
203       That you must teach me. But let me conjure you by the rights
204       of our fellowship, by the consonancy of our youth, by the
205       obligation of our ever-preserved love, and by what more dear a
206       better proposer could charge you withal, be even and direct with
207       me, whether you were sent for or no.
208 Rosencrantz.
209       [aside to Guildenstern]What say you?
210 Hamlet.
211       [aside]Nay then, I have an eye of you.- If you love me, hold
212       not off.
213 Guildenstern.
214       My lord, we were sent for.
215 Hamlet.
216       I will tell you why. So shall my anticipation prevent your
217       discovery, and your secrecy to the King and Queen moult no
218       feather. I have of late- but wherefore I know not- lost all my
219       mirth, forgone all custom of exercises; and indeed, it goes so
220       heavily with my disposition that this goodly frame, the earth,
221       seems to me a sterile promontory; this most excellent canopy, the
222       air, look you, this brave o'erhanging firmament, this majestical
223       roof fretted with golden fire- why, it appeareth no other thing
224       to me than a foul and pestilent congregation of vapours. What a
225       piece of work is a man! how noble in reason! how infinite in
226       faculties! in form and moving how express and admirable! in
227       action how like an angel! in apprehension how like a god! the
228       beauty of the world, the paragon of animals! And yet to me what
229       is this quintessence of dust? Man delights not me- no, nor woman
230       neither, though by your smiling you seem to say so.
231 Rosencrantz.
232       My lord, there was no such stuff in my thoughts.
233 Hamlet.
234       Why did you laugh then, when I said 'Man delights not me'?
235 Rosencrantz.
236       To think, my lord, if you delight not in man, what lenten
237       entertainment the players shall receive from you. We coted them
238       on the way, and hither are they coming to offer you service.
239 Hamlet.
240       He that plays the king shall be welcome- his Majesty shall
241       have tribute of me; the adventurous knight shall use his foil and
242       target; the lover shall not sigh gratis; the humorous man shall
243       end his part in peace; the clown shall make those laugh whose
244       lungs are tickle o' th' sere; and the lady shall say her mind
245       freely, or the blank verse shall halt for't. What players are
246       they?
247 Rosencrantz.
248       Even those you were wont to take such delight in, the
249       tragedians of the city.
250 Hamlet.
251       How chances it they travel? Their residence, both in
252       reputation and profit, was better both ways.
253 Rosencrantz.
254       I think their inhibition comes by the means of the late
255       innovation.
256 Hamlet.
257       Do they hold the same estimation they did when I was in the
258       city? Are they so follow'd?
259 Rosencrantz.
260       No indeed are they not.
261 Hamlet.
262       How comes it? Do they grow rusty?
263 Rosencrantz.
264       Nay, their endeavour keeps in the wonted pace; but there is,
265       sir, an eyrie of children, little eyases, that cry out on the top
266       of question and are most tyrannically clapp'd for't. These are now
267       the fashion, and so berattle the common stages(so they call
268       them)that many wearing rapiers are afraid of goosequills and
269       dare scarce come thither.
270 Hamlet.
271       What, are they children? Who maintains 'em? How are they
272       escoted? Will they pursue the quality no longer than they can
273       sing? Will they not say afterwards, if they should grow
274       themselves to common players(as it is most like, if their means
275       are no better), their writers do them wrong to make them exclaim
276       against their own succession.
277 Rosencrantz.
278       Faith, there has been much to do on both sides; and the nation
279       holds it no sin to tarre them to controversy. There was, for a
280       while, no money bid for argument unless the poet and the player
281       went to cuffs in the question.
282 Hamlet.
283       Is't possible?
284 Guildenstern.
285       O, there has been much throwing about of brains.
286 Hamlet.
287       Do the boys carry it away?
288 Rosencrantz.
289       Ay, that they do, my lord- Hercules and his load too.
290 Hamlet.
291       It is not very strange; for my uncle is King of Denmark, and
292       those that would make mows at him while my father lived give
293       twenty, forty, fifty, a hundred ducats apiece for his picture in
294       little. 'Sblood, there is something in this more than natural, if
295       philosophy could find it out.
 
296 Flourish for the Players.
 
297 Guildenstern.
298       There are the players.
299 Hamlet.
300       Gentlemen, you are welcome to Elsinore. Your hands, come! Th'
301       appurtenance of welcome is fashion and ceremony. Let me comply
302       with you in this garb, lest my extent to the players(which I
303       tell you must show fairly outwards)should more appear like
304       entertainment than yours. You are welcome. But my uncle-father
305       and aunt-mother are deceiv'd.
306 Guildenstern.
307       In what, my dear lord?
308 Hamlet.
309       I am but mad north-north-west. When the wind is southerly I
310       know a hawk from a handsaw.
 
311 Enter Polonius.
 
312 Polonius.
313       Well be with you, gentlemen!
314 Hamlet.
315       Hark you, Guildenstern- and you too- at each ear a hearer!
316       That great baby you see there is not yet out of his swaddling
317       clouts.
318 Rosencrantz.
319       Happily he's the second time come to them; for they say an old
320       man is twice a child.
321 Hamlet.
322       I will prophesy he comes to tell me of the players. Mark it.-
323       You say right, sir; a Monday morning; twas so indeed.
324 Polonius.
325       My lord, I have news to tell you.
326 Hamlet.
327       My lord, I have news to tell you. When Roscius was an actor in Rome-
328 Polonius.
329       The actors are come hither, my lord.
330 Hamlet.
331       Buzz, buzz!
332 Polonius.
333       Upon my honour-
334 Hamlet.
335       Then came each actor on his ass-
336 Polonius.
337       The best actors in the world, either for tragedy, comedy,
338       history, pastoral, pastoral-comical, historical-pastoral,
339       tragical-historical, tragical-comical-historical-pastoral; scene
340       individable, or poem unlimited. Seneca cannot be too heavy, nor
341       Plautus too light. For the law of writ and the liberty, these are
342       the only men.
343 Hamlet.
344       O Jephthah, judge of Israel, what a treasure hadst thou!
345 Polonius.
346       What treasure had he, my lord?
347 Hamlet.
348       Why,
349       'One fair daughter, and no more,
350       The which he loved passing well.'
351 Polonius.
352       [aside]Still on my daughter.
353 Hamlet.
354       Am I not i' th' right, old Jephthah?
355 Polonius.
356       If you call me Jephthah, my lord, I have a daughter that I
357       love passing well.
358 Hamlet.
359       Nay, that follows not.
360 Polonius.
361       What follows then, my lord?
362 Hamlet.
363       Why,
364       'As by lot, God wot,'
365       and then, you know,
366       'It came to pass, as most like it was.'
367       The first row of the pious chanson will show you more; for look
368       where my abridgment comes.
369       [Enter four or five Players.]
370       You are welcome, masters; welcome, all.- I am glad to see thee
371       well.- Welcome, good friends.- O, my old friend? Why, thy face is
372       valanc'd since I saw thee last. Com'st' thou to' beard me in
373       Denmark?- What, my young lady and mistress? By'r Lady, your
374       ladyship is nearer to heaven than when I saw you last by the
375       altitude of a chopine. Pray God your voice, like a piece of
376       uncurrent gold, be not crack'd within the ring.- Masters, you are
377       all welcome. We'll e'en to't like French falconers, fly at
378       anything we see. We'll have a speech straight. Come, give us a
379       taste of your quality. Come, a passionate speech.
380 First Player.
381       What speech, my good lord?
382 Hamlet.
383       I heard thee speak me a speech once, but it was never acted;
384       or if it was, not above once; for the play, I remember, pleas'd
385       not the million, 'twas caviary to the general; but it was(as I
386       receiv'd it, and others, whose judgments in such matters cried in
387       the top of mine)an excellent play, well digested in the scenes,
388       set down with as much modesty as cunning. I remember one said
389       there were no sallets in the lines to make the matter savoury,
390       nor no matter in the phrase that might indict the author of
391       affectation; but call'd it an honest method, as wholesome as
392       sweet, and by very much more handsome than fine. One speech in't
393       I chiefly lov'd. 'Twas AEneas' tale to Dido, and thereabout of it
394       especially where he speaks of Priam's slaughter. If it live in
395       your memory, begin at this line- let me see, let me see:
396       'The rugged Pyrrhus, like th' Hyrcanian beast-'
397       'Tis not so; it begins with Pyrrhus:
398       'The rugged Pyrrhus, he whose sable arms,
399       Black as his purpose, did the night resemble
400       When he lay couched in the ominous horse,
401       Hath now this dread and black complexion smear'd
402       With heraldry more dismal. Head to foot
403       Now is be total gules, horridly trick'd
404       With blood of fathers, mothers, daughters, sons,
405       Bak'd and impasted with the parching streets,
406       That lend a tyrannous and a damned light
407       To their lord's murther. Roasted in wrath and fire,
408       And thus o'ersized with coagulate gore,
409       With eyes like carbuncles, the hellish Pyrrhus
410       Old grandsire Priam seeks.'
411       So, proceed you.
412 Polonius.
413       Fore God, my lord, well spoken, with good accent and good discretion.
414 First Player.
415       'Anon he finds him,
416       Striking too short at Greeks. His antique sword,
417       Rebellious to his arm, lies where it falls,
418       Repugnant to command. Unequal match'd,
419       Pyrrhus at Priam drives, in rage strikes wide;
420       But with the whiff and wind of his fell sword
421       Th' unnerved father falls. Then senseless Ilium,
422       Seeming to feel this blow, with flaming top
423       Stoops to his base, and with a hideous crash
424       Takes prisoner Pyrrhus' ear. For lo! his sword,
425       Which was declining on the milky head
426       Of reverend Priam, seem'd i' th' air to stick.
427       So, as a painted tyrant, Pyrrhus stood,
428       And, like a neutral to his will and matter,
429       Did nothing.
430       But, as we often see, against some storm,
431       A silence in the heavens, the rack stand still,
432       The bold winds speechless, and the orb below
433       As hush as death- anon the dreadful thunder
434       Doth rend the region; so, after Pyrrhus' pause,
435       Aroused vengeance sets him new awork;
436       And never did the Cyclops' hammers fall
437       On Mars's armour, forg'd for proof eterne,
438       With less remorse than Pyrrhus' bleeding sword
439       Now falls on Priam.
440       Out, out, thou strumpet Fortune! All you gods,
441       In general synod take away her power;
442       Break all the spokes and fellies from her wheel,
443       And bowl the round nave down the hill of heaven,
444       As low as to the fiends!
445 Polonius.
446       This is too long.
447 Hamlet.
448       It shall to the barber's, with your beard.- Prithee say on.
449       He's for a jig or a tale of bawdry, or he sleeps. Say on; come to
450       Hecuba.
451 First Player.
452       'But who, O who, had seen the mobled queen-'
453 Hamlet.
454       'The mobled queen'?
455 Polonius.
456       That's good! 'Mobled queen' is good.
457 First Player.
458       'Run barefoot up and down, threat'ning the flames
459       With bisson rheum; a clout upon that head
460       Where late the diadem stood, and for a robe,
461       About her lank and all o'erteemed loins,
462       A blanket, in the alarm of fear caught up-
463       Who this had seen, with tongue in venom steep'd
464       'Gainst Fortune's state would treason have pronounc'd.
465       But if the gods themselves did see her then,
466       When she saw Pyrrhus make malicious sport
467       In Mincing with his sword her husband's limbs,
468       The instant burst of clamour that she made
469       (Unless things mortal move them not at all)
470       Would have made milch the burning eyes of heaven
471       And passion in the gods.'
472 Polonius.
473       Look, whe'r he has not turn'd his colour, and has tears in's
474       eyes. Prithee no more!
475 Hamlet.
476       'Tis well. I'll have thee speak out the rest of this soon.-
477       Good my lord, will you see the players well bestow'd? Do you
478       hear? Let them be well us'd; for they are the abstract and brief
479       chronicles of the time. After your death you were better have a
480       bad epitaph than their ill report while you live.
481 Polonius.
482       My lord, I will use them according to their desert.
483 Hamlet.
484       God's bodykins, man, much better! Use every man after his
485       desert, and who should scape whipping? Use them after your own
486       honour and dignity. The less they deserve, the more merit is in
487       your bounty. Take them in.
488 Polonius.
489       Come, sirs.
490 Hamlet.
491       Follow him, friends. We'll hear a play to-morrow.
492       [Exeunt Polonius and Players [except the First].]
493       Dost thou hear me, old friend? Can you play 'The Murther of
494       Gonzago'?
495 First Player.
496       Ay, my lord.
497 Hamlet.
498       We'll ha't to-morrow night. You could, for a need, study a
499       speech of some dozen or sixteen lines which I would set down and
500       insert in't, could you not?
501 First Player.
502       Ay, my lord.
503 Hamlet.
504       Very well. Follow that lord- and look you mock him not.
505       [Exit First Player.]
506       My good friends, I'll leave you till night. You are welcome to
507       Elsinore.
508 Rosencrantz.
509       Good my lord!
510 Hamlet.
511       Ay, so, God b' wi' ye!
512       [Exeunt Rosencrantz and Guildenstern]
513       Now I am alone.
514       O what a rogue and peasant slave am I!
515       Is it not monstrous that this player here,
516       But in a fiction, in a dream of passion,
517       Could force his soul so to his own conceit
518       That, from her working, all his visage wann'd,
519       Tears in his eyes, distraction in's aspect,
520       A broken voice, and his whole function suiting
521       With forms to his conceit? And all for nothing!
522       For Hecuba!
523       What's Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba,
524       That he should weep for her? What would he do,
525       Had he the motive and the cue for passion
526       That I have? He would drown the stage with tears
527       And cleave the general ear with horrid speech;
528       Make mad the guilty and appal the free,
529       Confound the ignorant, and amaze indeed
530       The very faculties of eyes and ears.
531       Yet I,
532       A dull and muddy-mettled rascal, peak
533       Like John-a-dreams, unpregnant of my cause,
534       And can say nothing! No, not for a king,
535       Upon whose property and most dear life
536       A damn'd defeat was made. Am I a coward?
537       Who calls me villain? breaks my pate across?
538       Plucks off my beard and blows it in my face?
539       Tweaks me by th' nose? gives me the lie i' th' throat
540       As deep as to the lungs? Who does me this, ha?
541       'Swounds, I should take it! for it cannot be
542       But I am pigeon-liver'd and lack gall
543       To make oppression bitter, or ere this
544       I should have fatted all the region kites
545       With this slave's offal. Bloody bawdy villain!
546       Remorseless, treacherous, lecherous, kindless villain!
547       O, vengeance!
548       Why, what an ass am I! This is most brave,
549       That I, the son of a dear father murther'd,
550       Prompted to my revenge by heaven and hell,
551       Must(like a whore)unpack my heart with words
552       And fall a-cursing like a very drab,
553       A scullion!
554       Fie upon't! foh! About, my brain! Hum, I have heard
555       That guilty creatures, sitting at a play,
556       Have by the very cunning of the scene
557       Been struck so to the soul that presently
558       They have proclaim'd their malefactions;
559       For murther, though it have no tongue, will speak
560       With most miraculous organ, I'll have these Players
561       Play something like the murther of my father
562       Before mine uncle. I'll observe his looks;
563       I'll tent him to the quick. If he but blench,
564       I know my course. The spirit that I have seen
565       May be a devil; and the devil hath power
566       T' assume a pleasing shape; yea, and perhaps
567       Out of my weakness and my melancholy,
568       As he is very potent with such spirits,
569       Abuses me to damn me. I'll have grounds
570       More relative than this. The play's the thing
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◈ The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (햄릿) ◈

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페이지 최종 수정일: 2004년 1월 1일