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◈ The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (햄릿) ◈

◇ Act II ◇

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 1. Act II, Scene 1
 2. Act II, Scene 2

1. Act II, Scene 1

0 Elsinore. A room in the house of Polonius.
 
1 Enter Polonius and Reynaldo.
 
2 Polonius.
3       Give him this money and these notes, Reynaldo.
4 Reynaldo.
5       I will, my lord.
6 Polonius.
7       You shall do marvell's wisely, good Reynaldo,
8       Before You visit him, to make inquire
9       Of his behaviour.
10 Reynaldo.
11       My lord, I did intend it.
12 Polonius.
13       Marry, well said, very well said. Look you, sir,
14       Enquire me first what Danskers are in Paris;
15       And how, and who, what means, and where they keep,
16       What company, at what expense; and finding
17       By this encompassment and drift of question
18       That they do know my son, come you more nearer
19       Than your particular demands will touch it.
20       Take you, as 'twere, some distant knowledge of him;
21       As thus, 'I know his father and his friends,
22       And in part him.' Do you mark this, Reynaldo?
23 Reynaldo.
24       Ay, very well, my lord.
25 Polonius.
26       'And in part him, but,' you may say, 'not well.
27       But if't be he I mean, he's very wild
28       Addicted so and so'; and there put on him
29       What forgeries you please; marry, none so rank
30       As may dishonour him- take heed of that;
31       But, sir, such wanton, wild, and usual slips
32       As are companions noted and most known
33       To youth and liberty.
34 Reynaldo.
35       As gaming, my lord.
36 Polonius.
37       Ay, or drinking, fencing, swearing, quarrelling,
38       Drabbing. You may go so far.
39 Reynaldo.
40       My lord, that would dishonour him.
41 Polonius.
42       Faith, no, as you may season it in the charge.
43       You must not put another scandal on him,
44       That he is open to incontinency.
45       That's not my meaning. But breathe his faults so quaintly
46       That they may seem the taints of liberty,
47       The flash and outbreak of a fiery mind,
48       A savageness in unreclaimed blood,
49       Of general assault.
50 Reynaldo.
51       But, my good lord-
52 Polonius.
53       Wherefore should you do this?
54 Reynaldo.
55       Ay, my lord,
56       I would know that.
57 Polonius.
58       Marry, sir, here's my drift,
59       And I believe it is a fetch of warrant.
60       You laying these slight sullies on my son
61       As 'twere a thing a little soil'd i' th' working,
62       Mark you,
63       Your party in converse, him you would sound,
64       Having ever seen in the prenominate crimes
65       The youth you breathe of guilty, be assur'd
66       He closes with you in this consequence:
67       'Good sir,' or so, or 'friend,' or 'gentleman'-
68       According to the phrase or the addition
69       Of man and country-
70 Reynaldo.
71       Very good, my lord.
72 Polonius.
73       And then, sir, does 'a this- 'a does- What was I about to say?
74       By the mass, I was about to say something! Where did I leave?
75 Reynaldo.
76       At 'closes in the consequence,' at 'friend or so,' and
77       gentleman.'
78 Polonius.
79       At 'closes in the consequence'- Ay, marry!
80       He closes thus: 'I know the gentleman.
81       I saw him yesterday, or t'other day,
82       Or then, or then, with such or such; and, as you say,
83       There was 'a gaming; there o'ertook in's rouse;
84       There falling out at tennis'; or perchance,
85       'I saw him enter such a house of sale,'
86       Videlicet, a brothel, or so forth.
87       See you now-
88       Your bait of falsehood takes this carp of truth;
89       And thus do we of wisdom and of reach,
90       With windlasses and with assays of bias,
91       By indirections find directions out.
92       So, by my former lecture and advice,
93       Shall you my son. You have me, have you not?
94 Reynaldo.
95       My lord, I have.
96 Polonius.
97       God b' wi' ye, fare ye well!
98 Reynaldo.
99       Good my lord![Going.]
100 Polonius.
101       Observe his inclination in yourself.
102 Reynaldo.
103       I shall, my lord.
104 Polonius.
105       And let him ply his music.
106 Reynaldo.
107       Well, my lord.
108 Polonius.
109       Farewell!
110       [Exit Reynaldo.]
111       [Enter Ophelia.]
112       How now, Ophelia? What's the matter?
113 Ophelia.
114       O my lord, my lord, I have been so affrighted!
115 Polonius.
116       With what, i' th' name of God?
117 Ophelia.
118       My lord, as I was sewing in my closet,
119       Lord Hamlet, with his doublet all unbrac'd,
120       No hat upon his head, his stockings foul'd,
121       Ungart'red, and down-gyved to his ankle;
122       Pale as his shirt, his knees knocking each other,
123       And with a look so piteous in purport
124       As if he had been loosed out of hell
125       To speak of horrors- he comes before me.
126 Polonius.
127       Mad for thy love?
128 Ophelia.
129       My lord, I do not know,
130       But truly I do fear it.
131 Polonius.
132       What said he?
133 Ophelia.
134       He took me by the wrist and held me hard;
135       Then goes he to the length of all his arm,
136       And, with his other hand thus o'er his brow,
137       He falls to such perusal of my face
138       As he would draw it. Long stay'd he so.
139       At last, a little shaking of mine arm,
140       And thrice his head thus waving up and down,
141       He rais'd a sigh so piteous and profound
142       As it did seem to shatter all his bulk
143       And end his being. That done, he lets me go,
144       And with his head over his shoulder turn'd
145       He seem'd to find his way without his eyes,
146       For out o' doors he went without their help
147       And to the last bended their light on me.
148 Polonius.
149       Come, go with me. I will go seek the King.
150       This is the very ecstasy of love,
151       Whose violent property fordoes itself
152       And leads the will to desperate undertakings
153       As oft as any passion under heaven
154       That does afflict our natures. I am sorry.
155       What, have you given him any hard words of late?
156 Ophelia.
157       No, my good lord; but, as you did command,
158       I did repel his letters and denied
159       His access to me.
160 Polonius.
161       That hath made him mad.
162       I am sorry that with better heed and judgment
163       I had not quoted him. I fear'd he did but trifle
164       And meant to wrack thee; but beshrew my jealousy!
165       By heaven, it is as proper to our age
166       To cast beyond ourselves in our opinions
167       As it is common for the younger sort
168       To lack discretion. Come, go we to the King.
169       This must be known; which, being kept close, might move
170       More grief to hide than hate to utter love.
171       Come.
 
172 Exeunt.
 

2. Act II, Scene 2

0 Elsinore. A room in the Castle.
 
1 Flourish. [Enter King and Queen, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, cum aliis.
 
2 Claudius.
3       Welcome, dear Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.
4       Moreover that we much did long to see you,
5       The need we have to use you did provoke
6       Our hasty sending. Something have you heard
7       Of Hamlet's transformation. So I call it,
8       Sith nor th' exterior nor the inward man
9       Resembles that it was. What it should be,
10       More than his father's death, that thus hath put him
11       So much from th' understanding of himself,
12       I cannot dream of. I entreat you both
13       That, being of so young days brought up with him,
14       And since so neighbour'd to his youth and haviour,
15       That you vouchsafe your rest here in our court
16       Some little time; so by your companies
17       To draw him on to pleasures, and to gather
18       So much as from occasion you may glean,
19       Whether aught to us unknown afflicts him thus
20       That, open'd, lies within our remedy.
21 Gertrude.
22       Good gentlemen, he hath much talk'd of you,
23       And sure I am two men there are not living
24       To whom he more adheres. If it will please you
25       To show us so much gentry and good will
26       As to expend your time with us awhile
27       For the supply and profit of our hope,
28       Your visitation shall receive such thanks
29       As fits a king's remembrance.
30 Rosencrantz.
31       Both your Majesties
32       Might, by the sovereign power you have of us,
33       Put your dread pleasures more into command
34       Than to entreaty.
35 Guildenstern.
36       But we both obey,
37       And here give up ourselves, in the full bent,
38       To lay our service freely at your feet,
39       To be commanded.
40 Claudius.
41       Thanks, Rosencrantz and gentle Guildenstern.
42 Gertrude.
43       Thanks, Guildenstern and gentle Rosencrantz.
44       And I beseech you instantly to visit
45       My too much changed son.- Go, some of you,
46       And bring these gentlemen where Hamlet is.
47 Guildenstern.
48       Heavens make our presence and our practices
49       Pleasant and helpful to him!
50 Gertrude.
51       Ay, amen!
 
52 Exeunt Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, [with some Attendants].
 
53 Enter Polonius.
 
54 Polonius.
55       Th' ambassadors from Norway, my good lord,
56       Are joyfully return'd.
57 Claudius.
58       Thou still hast been the father of good news.
59 Polonius.
60       Have I, my lord? Assure you, my good liege,
61       I hold my duty as I hold my soul,
62       Both to my God and to my gracious king;
63       And I do think- or else this brain of mine
64       Hunts not the trail of policy so sure
65       As it hath us'd to do- that I have found
66       The very cause of Hamlet's lunacy.
67 Claudius.
68       O, speak of that! That do I long to hear.
69 Polonius.
70       Give first admittance to th' ambassadors.
71       My news shall be the fruit to that great feast.
72 Claudius.
73       Thyself do grace to them, and bring them in.
74       [Exit Polonius.]
75       He tells me, my dear Gertrude, he hath found
76       The head and source of all your son's distemper.
77 Gertrude.
78       I doubt it is no other but the main,
79       His father's death and our o'erhasty marriage.
80 Claudius.
81       Well, we shall sift him.
82       [Enter Polonius, Voltemand, and Cornelius.]
83       Welcome, my good friends.
84       Say, Voltemand, what from our brother Norway?
85 Voltemand.
86       Most fair return of greetings and desires.
87       Upon our first, he sent out to suppress
88       His nephew's levies; which to him appear'd
89       To be a preparation 'gainst the Polack,
90       But better look'd into, he truly found
91       It was against your Highness; whereat griev'd,
92       That so his sickness, age, and impotence
93       Was falsely borne in hand, sends out arrests
94       On Fortinbras; which he, in brief, obeys,
95       Receives rebuke from Norway, and, in fine,
96       Makes vow before his uncle never more
97       To give th' assay of arms against your Majesty.
98       Whereon old Norway, overcome with joy,
99       Gives him three thousand crowns in annual fee
100       And his commission to employ those soldiers,
101       So levied as before, against the Polack;
102       With an entreaty, herein further shown,
103       [Gives a paper.]
104       That it might please you to give quiet pass
105       Through your dominions for this enterprise,
106       On such regards of safety and allowance
107       As therein are set down.
108 Claudius.
109       It likes us well;
110       And at our more consider'd time we'll read,
111       Answer, and think upon this business.
112       Meantime we thank you for your well-took labour.
113       Go to your rest; at night we'll feast together.
114       Most welcome home![Exeunt Ambassadors.]
115 Polonius.
116       This business is well ended.
117       My liege, and madam, to expostulate
118       What majesty should be, what duty is,
119       Why day is day, night is night, and time is time.
120       Were nothing but to waste night, day, and time.
121       Therefore, since brevity is the soul of wit,
122       And tediousness the limbs and outward flourishes,
123       I will be brief. Your noble son is mad.
124       Mad call I it; for, to define true madness,
125       What is't but to be nothing else but mad?
126       But let that go.
127 Gertrude.
128       More matter, with less art.
129 Polonius.
130       Madam, I swear I use no art at all.
131       That he is mad, 'tis true: 'tis true 'tis pity;
132       And pity 'tis 'tis true. A foolish figure!
133       But farewell it, for I will use no art.
134       Mad let us grant him then. And now remains
135       That we find out the cause of this effect-
136       Or rather say, the cause of this defect,
137       For this effect defective comes by cause.
138       Thus it remains, and the remainder thus.
139       Perpend.
140       I have a daughter(have while she is mine),
141       Who in her duty and obedience, mark,
142       Hath given me this. Now gather, and surmise.
143       [Reads]the letter.]
144       'To the celestial, and my soul's idol, the most beautified Ophelia,'-
145       That's an ill phrase, a vile phrase; 'beautified' is a vile phrase.
146       But you shall hear. Thus:
147       [Reads.]
148       'In her excellent white bosom, these, &c.'
149 Gertrude.
150       Came this from Hamlet to her?
151 Polonius.
152       Good madam, stay awhile. I will be faithful.[Reads.]
153       'Doubt thou the stars are fire;
154       Doubt that the sun doth move;
155       Doubt truth to be a liar;
156       But never doubt I love.
157       'O dear Ophelia, I am ill at these numbers; I have not art to
158       reckon my groans; but that I love thee best, O most best, believe
159       it. Adieu.
160       'Thine evermore, most dear lady, whilst this machine is to
161       him, HAMLET.'
162       This, in obedience, hath my daughter shown me;
163       And more above, hath his solicitings,
164       As they fell out by time, by means, and place,
165       All given to mine ear.
166 Claudius.
167       But how hath she
168       Receiv'd his love?
169 Polonius.
170       What do you think of me?
171 Claudius.
172       As of a man faithful and honourable.
173 Polonius.
174       I would fain prove so. But what might you think,
175       When I had seen this hot love on the wing
176       (As I perceiv'd it, I must tell you that,
177       Before my daughter told me), what might you,
178       Or my dear Majesty your queen here, think,
179       If I had play'd the desk or table book,
180       Or given my heart a winking, mute and dumb,
181       Or look'd upon this love with idle sight?
182       What might you think? No, I went round to work
183       And my young mistress thus I did bespeak:
184       'Lord Hamlet is a prince, out of thy star.
185       This must not be.' And then I prescripts gave her,
186       That she should lock herself from his resort,
187       Admit no messengers, receive no tokens.
188       Which done, she took the fruits of my advice,
189       And he, repulsed, a short tale to make,
190       Fell into a sadness, then into a fast,
191       Thence to a watch, thence into a weakness,
192       Thence to a lightness, and, by this declension,
193       Into the madness wherein now he raves,
194       And all we mourn for.
195 Claudius.
196       Do you think 'tis this?
197 Gertrude.
198       it may be, very like.
199 Polonius.
200       Hath there been such a time- I would fain know that-
201       That I have Positively said 'Tis so,'
202       When it prov'd otherwise.?
203 Claudius.
204       Not that I know.
205 Polonius.
206       [points to his head and shoulder]Take this from this, if this be otherwise.
207       If circumstances lead me, I will find
208       Where truth is hid, though it were hid indeed
209       Within the centre.
210 Claudius.
211       How may we try it further?
212 Polonius.
213       You know sometimes he walks for hours together
214       Here in the lobby.
215 Gertrude.
216       So he does indeed.
217 Polonius.
218       At such a time I'll loose my daughter to him.
219       Be you and I behind an arras then.
220       Mark the encounter. If he love her not,
221       And he not from his reason fall'n thereon
222       Let me be no assistant for a state,
223       But keep a farm and carters.
224 Claudius.
225       We will try it.
 
226 Enter Hamlet, reading on a book.
 
227 Gertrude.
228       But look where sadly the poor wretch comes reading.
229 Polonius.
230       Away, I do beseech you, both away
231       I'll board him presently. O, give me leave.
232       [Exeunt King and Queen, [with Attendants].]
233       How does my good Lord Hamlet?
234 Hamlet.
235       Well, God-a-mercy.
236 Polonius.
237       Do you know me, my lord?
238 Hamlet.
239       Excellent well. You are a fishmonger.
240 Polonius.
241       Not I, my lord.
242 Hamlet.
243       Then I would you were so honest a man.
244 Polonius.
245       Honest, my lord?
246 Hamlet.
247       Ay, sir. To be honest, as this world goes, is to be one man
248       pick'd out of ten thousand.
249 Polonius.
250       That's very true, my lord.
251 Hamlet.
252       For if the sun breed maggots in a dead dog, being a god
253       kissing carrion- Have you a daughter?
254 Polonius.
255       I have, my lord.
256 Hamlet.
257       Let her not walk i' th' sun. Conception is a blessing, but not
258       as your daughter may conceive. Friend, look to't.
259 Polonius.
260       [aside]How say you by that? Still harping on my daughter. Yet
261       he knew me not at first. He said I was a fishmonger. He is far
262       gone, far gone! And truly in my youth I suff'red much extremity
263       for love- very near this. I'll speak to him again.- What do you
264       read, my lord?
265 Hamlet.
266       Words, words, words.
267 Polonius.
268       What is the matter, my lord?
269 Hamlet.
270       Between who?
271 Polonius.
272       I mean, the matter that you read, my lord.
273 Hamlet.
274       Slanders, sir; for the satirical rogue says here that old men
275       have grey beards; that their faces are wrinkled; their eyes
276       purging thick amber and plum-tree gum; and that they have a
277       plentiful lack of wit, together with most weak hams. All which,
278       sir, though I most powerfully and potently believe, yet I hold it
279       not honesty to have it thus set down; for you yourself, sir,
280       should be old as I am if, like a crab, you could go backward.
281 Polonius.
282       [aside]Though this be madness, yet there is a method in't.-
283       Will You walk out of the air, my lord?
284 Hamlet.
285       Into my grave?
286 Polonius.
287       Indeed, that is out o' th' air.[Aside]How pregnant sometimes
288       his replies are! a happiness that often madness hits on, which
289       reason and sanity could not so prosperously be delivered of. I
290       will leave him and suddenly contrive the means of meeting between
291       him and my daughter.- My honourable lord, I will most humbly take
292       my leave of you.
293 Hamlet.
294       You cannot, sir, take from me anything that I will more
295       willingly part withal- except my life, except my life, except my
296       life,
 
297 Enter Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.
 
298 Polonius.
299       Fare you well, my lord.
300 Hamlet.
301       These tedious old fools!
302 Polonius.
303       You go to seek the Lord Hamlet. There he is.
304 Rosencrantz.
305       [to Polonius]God save you, sir!
 
306 Exit [Polonius].
 
307 Guildenstern.
308       My honour'd lord!
309 Rosencrantz.
310       My most dear lord!
311 Hamlet.
312       My excellent good friends! How dost thou, Guildenstern? Ah,
313       Rosencrantz! Good lads, how do ye both?
314 Rosencrantz.
315       As the indifferent children of the earth.
316 Guildenstern.
317       Happy in that we are not over-happy.
318       On Fortune's cap we are not the very button.
319 Hamlet.
320       Nor the soles of her shoe?
321 Rosencrantz.
322       Neither, my lord.
323 Hamlet.
324       Then you live about her waist, or in the middle of her
325       favours?
326 Guildenstern.
327       Faith, her privates we.
328 Hamlet.
329       In the secret parts of Fortune? O! most true! she is a
330       strumpet. What news ?
331 Rosencrantz.
332       None, my lord, but that the world's grown honest.
333 Hamlet.
334       Then is doomsday near! But your news is not true. Let me
335       question more in particular. What have you, my good friends,
336       deserved at the hands of Fortune that she sends you to prison
337       hither?
338 Guildenstern.
339       Prison, my lord?
340 Hamlet.
341       Denmark's a prison.
342 Rosencrantz.
343       Then is the world one.
344 Hamlet.
345       A goodly one; in which there are many confines, wards, and
346       dungeons, Denmark being one o' th' worst.
347 Rosencrantz.
348       We think not so, my lord.
349 Hamlet.
350       Why, then 'tis none to you; for there is nothing either good
351       or bad but thinking makes it so. To me it is a prison.
352 Rosencrantz.
353       Why, then your ambition makes it one. 'Tis too narrow for your
354       mind.
355 Hamlet.
356       O God, I could be bounded in a nutshell and count myself a
357       king of infinite space, were it not that I have bad dreams.
358 Guildenstern.
359       Which dreams indeed are ambition; for the very substance of
360       the ambitious is merely the shadow of a dream.
361 Hamlet.
362       A dream itself is but a shadow.
363 Rosencrantz.
364       Truly, and I hold ambition of so airy and light a quality that
365       it is but a shadow's shadow.
366 Hamlet.
367       Then are our beggars bodies, and our monarchs and outstretch'd
368       heroes the beggars' shadows. Shall we to th' court? for, by my
369       fay, I cannot reason.
370 Rosencrantz.
371       [with Guildenstern]We'll wait upon you.
372 Hamlet.
373       No such matter! I will not sort you with the rest of my
374       servants; for, to speak to you like an honest man, I am most
375       dreadfully attended. But in the beaten way of friendship, what
376       make you at Elsinore?
377 Rosencrantz.
378       To visit you, my lord; no other occasion.
379 Hamlet.
380       Beggar that I am, I am even poor in thanks; but I thank you;
381       and sure, dear friends, my thanks are too dear a halfpenny. Were
382       you not sent for? Is it your own inclining? Is it a free
383       visitation? Come, deal justly with me. Come, come! Nay, speak.
384 Guildenstern.
385       What should we say, my lord?
386 Hamlet.
387       Why, anything- but to th' purpose. You were sent for; and
388       there is a kind of confession in your looks, which your modesties
389       have not craft enough to colour. I know the good King and Queen
390       have sent for you.
391 Rosencrantz.
392       To what end, my lord?
393 Hamlet.
394       That you must teach me. But let me conjure you by the rights
395       of our fellowship, by the consonancy of our youth, by the
396       obligation of our ever-preserved love, and by what more dear a
397       better proposer could charge you withal, be even and direct with
398       me, whether you were sent for or no.
399 Rosencrantz.
400       [aside to Guildenstern]What say you?
401 Hamlet.
402       [aside]Nay then, I have an eye of you.- If you love me, hold
403       not off.
404 Guildenstern.
405       My lord, we were sent for.
406 Hamlet.
407       I will tell you why. So shall my anticipation prevent your
408       discovery, and your secrecy to the King and Queen moult no
409       feather. I have of late- but wherefore I know not- lost all my
410       mirth, forgone all custom of exercises; and indeed, it goes so
411       heavily with my disposition that this goodly frame, the earth,
412       seems to me a sterile promontory; this most excellent canopy, the
413       air, look you, this brave o'erhanging firmament, this majestical
414       roof fretted with golden fire- why, it appeareth no other thing
415       to me than a foul and pestilent congregation of vapours. What a
416       piece of work is a man! how noble in reason! how infinite in
417       faculties! in form and moving how express and admirable! in
418       action how like an angel! in apprehension how like a god! the
419       beauty of the world, the paragon of animals! And yet to me what
420       is this quintessence of dust? Man delights not me- no, nor woman
421       neither, though by your smiling you seem to say so.
422 Rosencrantz.
423       My lord, there was no such stuff in my thoughts.
424 Hamlet.
425       Why did you laugh then, when I said 'Man delights not me'?
426 Rosencrantz.
427       To think, my lord, if you delight not in man, what lenten
428       entertainment the players shall receive from you. We coted them
429       on the way, and hither are they coming to offer you service.
430 Hamlet.
431       He that plays the king shall be welcome- his Majesty shall
432       have tribute of me; the adventurous knight shall use his foil and
433       target; the lover shall not sigh gratis; the humorous man shall
434       end his part in peace; the clown shall make those laugh whose
435       lungs are tickle o' th' sere; and the lady shall say her mind
436       freely, or the blank verse shall halt for't. What players are
437       they?
438 Rosencrantz.
439       Even those you were wont to take such delight in, the
440       tragedians of the city.
441 Hamlet.
442       How chances it they travel? Their residence, both in
443       reputation and profit, was better both ways.
444 Rosencrantz.
445       I think their inhibition comes by the means of the late
446       innovation.
447 Hamlet.
448       Do they hold the same estimation they did when I was in the
449       city? Are they so follow'd?
450 Rosencrantz.
451       No indeed are they not.
452 Hamlet.
453       How comes it? Do they grow rusty?
454 Rosencrantz.
455       Nay, their endeavour keeps in the wonted pace; but there is,
456       sir, an eyrie of children, little eyases, that cry out on the top
457       of question and are most tyrannically clapp'd for't. These are now
458       the fashion, and so berattle the common stages(so they call
459       them)that many wearing rapiers are afraid of goosequills and
460       dare scarce come thither.
461 Hamlet.
462       What, are they children? Who maintains 'em? How are they
463       escoted? Will they pursue the quality no longer than they can
464       sing? Will they not say afterwards, if they should grow
465       themselves to common players(as it is most like, if their means
466       are no better), their writers do them wrong to make them exclaim
467       against their own succession.
468 Rosencrantz.
469       Faith, there has been much to do on both sides; and the nation
470       holds it no sin to tarre them to controversy. There was, for a
471       while, no money bid for argument unless the poet and the player
472       went to cuffs in the question.
473 Hamlet.
474       Is't possible?
475 Guildenstern.
476       O, there has been much throwing about of brains.
477 Hamlet.
478       Do the boys carry it away?
479 Rosencrantz.
480       Ay, that they do, my lord- Hercules and his load too.
481 Hamlet.
482       It is not very strange; for my uncle is King of Denmark, and
483       those that would make mows at him while my father lived give
484       twenty, forty, fifty, a hundred ducats apiece for his picture in
485       little. 'Sblood, there is something in this more than natural, if
486       philosophy could find it out.
 
487 Flourish for the Players.
 
488 Guildenstern.
489       There are the players.
490 Hamlet.
491       Gentlemen, you are welcome to Elsinore. Your hands, come! Th'
492       appurtenance of welcome is fashion and ceremony. Let me comply
493       with you in this garb, lest my extent to the players(which I
494       tell you must show fairly outwards)should more appear like
495       entertainment than yours. You are welcome. But my uncle-father
496       and aunt-mother are deceiv'd.
497 Guildenstern.
498       In what, my dear lord?
499 Hamlet.
500       I am but mad north-north-west. When the wind is southerly I
501       know a hawk from a handsaw.
 
502 Enter Polonius.
 
503 Polonius.
504       Well be with you, gentlemen!
505 Hamlet.
506       Hark you, Guildenstern- and you too- at each ear a hearer!
507       That great baby you see there is not yet out of his swaddling
508       clouts.
509 Rosencrantz.
510       Happily he's the second time come to them; for they say an old
511       man is twice a child.
512 Hamlet.
513       I will prophesy he comes to tell me of the players. Mark it.-
514       You say right, sir; a Monday morning; twas so indeed.
515 Polonius.
516       My lord, I have news to tell you.
517 Hamlet.
518       My lord, I have news to tell you. When Roscius was an actor in Rome-
519 Polonius.
520       The actors are come hither, my lord.
521 Hamlet.
522       Buzz, buzz!
523 Polonius.
524       Upon my honour-
525 Hamlet.
526       Then came each actor on his ass-
527 Polonius.
528       The best actors in the world, either for tragedy, comedy,
529       history, pastoral, pastoral-comical, historical-pastoral,
530       tragical-historical, tragical-comical-historical-pastoral; scene
531       individable, or poem unlimited. Seneca cannot be too heavy, nor
532       Plautus too light. For the law of writ and the liberty, these are
533       the only men.
534 Hamlet.
535       O Jephthah, judge of Israel, what a treasure hadst thou!
536 Polonius.
537       What treasure had he, my lord?
538 Hamlet.
539       Why,
540       'One fair daughter, and no more,
541       The which he loved passing well.'
542 Polonius.
543       [aside]Still on my daughter.
544 Hamlet.
545       Am I not i' th' right, old Jephthah?
546 Polonius.
547       If you call me Jephthah, my lord, I have a daughter that I
548       love passing well.
549 Hamlet.
550       Nay, that follows not.
551 Polonius.
552       What follows then, my lord?
553 Hamlet.
554       Why,
555       'As by lot, God wot,'
556       and then, you know,
557       'It came to pass, as most like it was.'
558       The first row of the pious chanson will show you more; for look
559       where my abridgment comes.
560       [Enter four or five Players.]
561       You are welcome, masters; welcome, all.- I am glad to see thee
562       well.- Welcome, good friends.- O, my old friend? Why, thy face is
563       valanc'd since I saw thee last. Com'st' thou to' beard me in
564       Denmark?- What, my young lady and mistress? By'r Lady, your
565       ladyship is nearer to heaven than when I saw you last by the
566       altitude of a chopine. Pray God your voice, like a piece of
567       uncurrent gold, be not crack'd within the ring.- Masters, you are
568       all welcome. We'll e'en to't like French falconers, fly at
569       anything we see. We'll have a speech straight. Come, give us a
570       taste of your quality. Come, a passionate speech.
571 First Player.
572       What speech, my good lord?
573 Hamlet.
574       I heard thee speak me a speech once, but it was never acted;
575       or if it was, not above once; for the play, I remember, pleas'd
576       not the million, 'twas caviary to the general; but it was(as I
577       receiv'd it, and others, whose judgments in such matters cried in
578       the top of mine)an excellent play, well digested in the scenes,
579       set down with as much modesty as cunning. I remember one said
580       there were no sallets in the lines to make the matter savoury,
581       nor no matter in the phrase that might indict the author of
582       affectation; but call'd it an honest method, as wholesome as
583       sweet, and by very much more handsome than fine. One speech in't
584       I chiefly lov'd. 'Twas AEneas' tale to Dido, and thereabout of it
585       especially where he speaks of Priam's slaughter. If it live in
586       your memory, begin at this line- let me see, let me see:
587       'The rugged Pyrrhus, like th' Hyrcanian beast-'
588       'Tis not so; it begins with Pyrrhus:
589       'The rugged Pyrrhus, he whose sable arms,
590       Black as his purpose, did the night resemble
591       When he lay couched in the ominous horse,
592       Hath now this dread and black complexion smear'd
593       With heraldry more dismal. Head to foot
594       Now is be total gules, horridly trick'd
595       With blood of fathers, mothers, daughters, sons,
596       Bak'd and impasted with the parching streets,
597       That lend a tyrannous and a damned light
598       To their lord's murther. Roasted in wrath and fire,
599       And thus o'ersized with coagulate gore,
600       With eyes like carbuncles, the hellish Pyrrhus
601       Old grandsire Priam seeks.'
602       So, proceed you.
603 Polonius.
604       Fore God, my lord, well spoken, with good accent and good discretion.
605 First Player.
606       'Anon he finds him,
607       Striking too short at Greeks. His antique sword,
608       Rebellious to his arm, lies where it falls,
609       Repugnant to command. Unequal match'd,
610       Pyrrhus at Priam drives, in rage strikes wide;
611       But with the whiff and wind of his fell sword
612       Th' unnerved father falls. Then senseless Ilium,
613       Seeming to feel this blow, with flaming top
614       Stoops to his base, and with a hideous crash
615       Takes prisoner Pyrrhus' ear. For lo! his sword,
616       Which was declining on the milky head
617       Of reverend Priam, seem'd i' th' air to stick.
618       So, as a painted tyrant, Pyrrhus stood,
619       And, like a neutral to his will and matter,
620       Did nothing.
621       But, as we often see, against some storm,
622       A silence in the heavens, the rack stand still,
623       The bold winds speechless, and the orb below
624       As hush as death- anon the dreadful thunder
625       Doth rend the region; so, after Pyrrhus' pause,
626       Aroused vengeance sets him new awork;
627       And never did the Cyclops' hammers fall
628       On Mars's armour, forg'd for proof eterne,
629       With less remorse than Pyrrhus' bleeding sword
630       Now falls on Priam.
631       Out, out, thou strumpet Fortune! All you gods,
632       In general synod take away her power;
633       Break all the spokes and fellies from her wheel,
634       And bowl the round nave down the hill of heaven,
635       As low as to the fiends!
636 Polonius.
637       This is too long.
638 Hamlet.
639       It shall to the barber's, with your beard.- Prithee say on.
640       He's for a jig or a tale of bawdry, or he sleeps. Say on; come to
641       Hecuba.
642 First Player.
643       'But who, O who, had seen the mobled queen-'
644 Hamlet.
645       'The mobled queen'?
646 Polonius.
647       That's good! 'Mobled queen' is good.
648 First Player.
649       'Run barefoot up and down, threat'ning the flames
650       With bisson rheum; a clout upon that head
651       Where late the diadem stood, and for a robe,
652       About her lank and all o'erteemed loins,
653       A blanket, in the alarm of fear caught up-
654       Who this had seen, with tongue in venom steep'd
655       'Gainst Fortune's state would treason have pronounc'd.
656       But if the gods themselves did see her then,
657       When she saw Pyrrhus make malicious sport
658       In Mincing with his sword her husband's limbs,
659       The instant burst of clamour that she made
660       (Unless things mortal move them not at all)
661       Would have made milch the burning eyes of heaven
662       And passion in the gods.'
663 Polonius.
664       Look, whe'r he has not turn'd his colour, and has tears in's
665       eyes. Prithee no more!
666 Hamlet.
667       'Tis well. I'll have thee speak out the rest of this soon.-
668       Good my lord, will you see the players well bestow'd? Do you
669       hear? Let them be well us'd; for they are the abstract and brief
670       chronicles of the time. After your death you were better have a
671       bad epitaph than their ill report while you live.
672 Polonius.
673       My lord, I will use them according to their desert.
674 Hamlet.
675       God's bodykins, man, much better! Use every man after his
676       desert, and who should scape whipping? Use them after your own
677       honour and dignity. The less they deserve, the more merit is in
678       your bounty. Take them in.
679 Polonius.
680       Come, sirs.
681 Hamlet.
682       Follow him, friends. We'll hear a play to-morrow.
683       [Exeunt Polonius and Players [except the First].]
684       Dost thou hear me, old friend? Can you play 'The Murther of
685       Gonzago'?
686 First Player.
687       Ay, my lord.
688 Hamlet.
689       We'll ha't to-morrow night. You could, for a need, study a
690       speech of some dozen or sixteen lines which I would set down and
691       insert in't, could you not?
692 First Player.
693       Ay, my lord.
694 Hamlet.
695       Very well. Follow that lord- and look you mock him not.
696       [Exit First Player.]
697       My good friends, I'll leave you till night. You are welcome to
698       Elsinore.
699 Rosencrantz.
700       Good my lord!
701 Hamlet.
702       Ay, so, God b' wi' ye!
703       [Exeunt Rosencrantz and Guildenstern]
704       Now I am alone.
705       O what a rogue and peasant slave am I!
706       Is it not monstrous that this player here,
707       But in a fiction, in a dream of passion,
708       Could force his soul so to his own conceit
709       That, from her working, all his visage wann'd,
710       Tears in his eyes, distraction in's aspect,
711       A broken voice, and his whole function suiting
712       With forms to his conceit? And all for nothing!
713       For Hecuba!
714       What's Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba,
715       That he should weep for her? What would he do,
716       Had he the motive and the cue for passion
717       That I have? He would drown the stage with tears
718       And cleave the general ear with horrid speech;
719       Make mad the guilty and appal the free,
720       Confound the ignorant, and amaze indeed
721       The very faculties of eyes and ears.
722       Yet I,
723       A dull and muddy-mettled rascal, peak
724       Like John-a-dreams, unpregnant of my cause,
725       And can say nothing! No, not for a king,
726       Upon whose property and most dear life
727       A damn'd defeat was made. Am I a coward?
728       Who calls me villain? breaks my pate across?
729       Plucks off my beard and blows it in my face?
730       Tweaks me by th' nose? gives me the lie i' th' throat
731       As deep as to the lungs? Who does me this, ha?
732       'Swounds, I should take it! for it cannot be
733       But I am pigeon-liver'd and lack gall
734       To make oppression bitter, or ere this
735       I should have fatted all the region kites
736       With this slave's offal. Bloody bawdy villain!
737       Remorseless, treacherous, lecherous, kindless villain!
738       O, vengeance!
739       Why, what an ass am I! This is most brave,
740       That I, the son of a dear father murther'd,
741       Prompted to my revenge by heaven and hell,
742       Must(like a whore)unpack my heart with words
743       And fall a-cursing like a very drab,
744       A scullion!
745       Fie upon't! foh! About, my brain! Hum, I have heard
746       That guilty creatures, sitting at a play,
747       Have by the very cunning of the scene
748       Been struck so to the soul that presently
749       They have proclaim'd their malefactions;
750       For murther, though it have no tongue, will speak
751       With most miraculous organ, I'll have these Players
752       Play something like the murther of my father
753       Before mine uncle. I'll observe his looks;
754       I'll tent him to the quick. If he but blench,
755       I know my course. The spirit that I have seen
756       May be a devil; and the devil hath power
757       T' assume a pleasing shape; yea, and perhaps
758       Out of my weakness and my melancholy,
759       As he is very potent with such spirits,
760       Abuses me to damn me. I'll have grounds
761       More relative than this. The play's the thing
【 】Act II
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