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◈ Measure for Measure (자에는 자로) ◈

◇ Act I ◇

해설목차  서문  1권 2권  3권  4권  5권  1604
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 1. Act I, Scene 1
 2. Act I, Scene 2
 3. Act I, Scene 3
 4. Act I, Scene 4

1. Act I, Scene 1

0 An apartment in the DUKE’S palace.
 
1 [Enter DUKE VINCENTIO, ESCALUS, Lords and] [p]Attendants]
 
2 Vincentio.
3       Escalus.
4 Escalus.
5       My lord.
6 Vincentio.
7       Of government the properties to unfold,
8       Would seem in me to affect speech and discourse;
9       Since I am put to know that your own science
10       Exceeds, in that, the lists of all advice
11       My strength can give you: then no more remains,
12       But that to your sufficiency[—]
13       [—] as your Worth is able,]
14       And let them work. The nature of our people,
15       Our city's institutions, and the terms
16       For common justice, you're as pregnant in
17       As art and practise hath enriched any
18       That we remember. There is our commission,
19       From which we would not have you warp. Call hither,
20       I say, bid come before us Angelo.
21       [Exit an Attendant]
22       What figure of us Think you he will bear?
23       For you must know, we have with special soul
24       Elected him our absence to supply,
25       Lent him our terror, dress'd him with our love,
26       And given his deputation all the organs
27       Of our own power: what think you of it?
28 Escalus.
29       If any in Vienna be of worth
30       To undergo such ample grace and honour,
31       It is Lord Angelo.
32 Vincentio.
33       Look where he comes.
 
34 [Enter ANGELO]
 
35 Angelo.
36       Always obedient to your grace's will,
37       I come to know your pleasure.
38 Vincentio.
39       Angelo,
40       There is a kind of character in thy life,
41       That to the observer doth thy history
42       Fully unfold. Thyself and thy belongings
43       Are not thine own so proper as to waste
44       Thyself upon thy virtues, they on thee.
45       Heaven doth with us as we with torches do,
46       Not light them for themselves; for if our virtues
47       Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike
48       As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely touch'd
49       But to fine issues, nor Nature never lends
50       The smallest scruple of her excellence
51       But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines
52       Herself the glory of a creditor,
53       Both thanks and use. But I do bend my speech
54       To one that can my part in him advertise;
55       Hold therefore, Angelo:—
56       In our remove be thou at full ourself;
57       Mortality and mercy in Vienna
58       Live in thy tongue and heart: old Escalus,
59       Though first in question, is thy secondary.
60       Take thy commission.
61 Angelo.
62       Now, good my lord,
63       Let there be some more test made of my metal,
64       Before so noble and so great a figure
65       Be stamp'd upon it.
66 Vincentio.
67       No more evasion:
68       We have with a leaven'd and prepared choice
69       Proceeded to you; therefore take your honours.
70       Our haste from hence is of so quick condition
71       That it prefers itself and leaves unquestion'd
72       Matters of needful value. We shall write to you,
73       As time and our concernings shall importune,
74       How it goes with us, and do look to know
75       What doth befall you here. So, fare you well;
76       To the hopeful execution do I leave you
77       Of your commissions.
78 Angelo.
79       Yet give leave, my lord,
80       That we may bring you something on the way.
81 Vincentio.
82       My haste may not admit it;
83       Nor need you, on mine honour, have to do
84       With any scruple; your scope is as mine own
85       So to enforce or qualify the laws
86       As to your soul seems good. Give me your hand:
87       I'll privily away. I love the people,
88       But do not like to stage me to their eyes:
89       Through it do well, I do not relish well
90       Their loud applause and Aves vehement;
91       Nor do I think the man of safe discretion
92       That does affect it. Once more, fare you well.
93 Angelo.
94       The heavens give safety to your purposes!
95 Escalus.
96       Lead forth and bring you back in happiness!
97 Vincentio.
98       I thank you. Fare you well.
 
99 [Exit]
 
100 Escalus.
101       I shall desire you, sir, to give me leave
102       To have free speech with you; and it concerns me
103       To look into the bottom of my place:
104       A power I have, but of what strength and nature
105       I am not yet instructed.
106 Angelo.
107       'Tis so with me. Let us withdraw together,
108       And we may soon our satisfaction have
109       Touching that point.
110 Escalus.
111       I'll wait upon your honour.
 
112 [Exeunt]
 

2. Act I, Scene 2

0 A Street.
 
1 [Enter LUCIO and two Gentlemen]
 
2 Lucio.
3       If the duke with the other dukes come not to
4       composition with the King of Hungary, why then all
5       the dukes fall upon the king.
6 First Gentleman.
7       Heaven grant us its peace, but not the King of
8       Hungary's!
9 Second Gentleman.
10       Amen.
11 Lucio.
12       Thou concludest like the sanctimonious pirate, that
13       went to sea with the Ten Commandments, but scraped
14       one out of the table.
15 Second Gentleman.
16       'Thou shalt not steal'?
17 Lucio.
18       Ay, that he razed.
19 First Gentleman.
20       Why, 'twas a commandment to command the captain and
21       all the rest from their functions: they put forth
22       to steal. There's not a soldier of us all, that, in
23       the thanksgiving before meat, do relish the petition
24       well that prays for peace.
25 Second Gentleman.
26       I never heard any soldier dislike it.
27 Lucio.
28       I believe thee; for I think thou never wast where
29       grace was said.
30 Second Gentleman.
31       No? a dozen times at least.
32 First Gentleman.
33       What, in metre?
34 Lucio.
35       In any proportion or in any language.
36 First Gentleman.
37       I think, or in any religion.
38 Lucio.
39       Ay, why not? Grace is grace, despite of all
40       controversy: as, for example, thou thyself art a
41       wicked villain, despite of all grace.
42 First Gentleman.
43       Well, there went but a pair of shears between us.
44 Lucio.
45       I grant; as there may between the lists and the
46       velvet. Thou art the list.
47 First Gentleman.
48       And thou the velvet: thou art good velvet; thou'rt
49       a three-piled piece, I warrant thee: I had as lief
50       be a list of an English kersey as be piled, as thou
51       art piled, for a French velvet. Do I speak
52       feelingly now?
53 Lucio.
54       I think thou dost; and, indeed, with most painful
55       feeling of thy speech: I will, out of thine own
56       confession, learn to begin thy health; but, whilst I
57       live, forget to drink after thee.
58 First Gentleman.
59       I think I have done myself wrong, have I not?
60 Second Gentleman.
61       Yes, that thou hast, whether thou art tainted or free.
62 Lucio.
63       Behold, behold. where Madam Mitigation comes! I
64       have purchased as many diseases under her roof as come to
65 Second Gentleman.
66       To what, I pray?
67 Lucio.
68       Judge.
69 Second Gentleman.
70       To three thousand dolours a year.
71 First Gentleman.
72       Ay, and more.
73 Lucio.
74       A French crown more.
75 First Gentleman.
76       Thou art always figuring diseases in me; but thou
77       art full of error; I am sound.
78 Lucio.
79       Nay, not as one would say, healthy; but so sound as
80       things that are hollow: thy bones are hollow;
81       impiety has made a feast of thee.
 
82 [Enter MISTRESS OVERDONE]
 
83 First Gentleman.
84       How now! which of your hips has the most profound sciatica?
85 Mistress Overdone.
86       Well, well; there's one yonder arrested and carried
87       to prison was worth five thousand of you all.
88 Second Gentleman.
89       Who's that, I pray thee?
90 Mistress Overdone.
91       Marry, sir, that's Claudio, Signior Claudio.
92 First Gentleman.
93       Claudio to prison? 'tis not so.
94 Mistress Overdone.
95       Nay, but I know 'tis so: I saw him arrested, saw
96       him carried away; and, which is more, within these
97       three days his head to be chopped off.
98 Lucio.
99       But, after all this fooling, I would not have it so.
100       Art thou sure of this?
101 Mistress Overdone.
102       I am too sure of it: and it is for getting Madam
103       Julietta with child.
104 Lucio.
105       Believe me, this may be: he promised to meet me two
106       hours since, and he was ever precise in
107       promise-keeping.
108 Second Gentleman.
109       Besides, you know, it draws something near to the
110       speech we had to such a purpose.
111 First Gentleman.
112       But, most of all, agreeing with the proclamation.
113 Lucio.
114       Away! let's go learn the truth of it.
 
115 [Exeunt LUCIO and Gentlemen]
 
116 Mistress Overdone.
117       Thus, what with the war, what with the sweat, what
118       with the gallows and what with poverty, I am
119       custom-shrunk.
120       [Enter POMPEY]
121       How now! what's the news with you?
122 Pompey.
123       Yonder man is carried to prison.
124 Mistress Overdone.
125       Well; what has he done?
126 Pompey.
127       A woman.
128 Mistress Overdone.
129       But what's his offence?
130 Pompey.
131       Groping for trouts in a peculiar river.
132 Mistress Overdone.
133       What, is there a maid with child by him?
134 Pompey.
135       No, but there's a woman with maid by him. You have
136       not heard of the proclamation, have you?
137 Mistress Overdone.
138       What proclamation, man?
139 Pompey.
140       All houses in the suburbs of Vienna must be plucked down.
141 Mistress Overdone.
142       And what shall become of those in the city?
143 Pompey.
144       They shall stand for seed: they had gone down too,
145       but that a wise burgher put in for them.
146 Mistress Overdone.
147       But shall all our houses of resort in the suburbs be
148       pulled down?
149 Pompey.
150       To the ground, mistress.
151 Mistress Overdone.
152       Why, here's a change indeed in the commonwealth!
153       What shall become of me?
154 Pompey.
155       Come; fear you not: good counsellors lack no
156       clients: though you change your place, you need not
157       change your trade; I'll be your tapster still.
158       Courage! there will be pity taken on you: you that
159       have worn your eyes almost out in the service, you
160       will be considered.
161 Mistress Overdone.
162       What's to do here, Thomas tapster? let's withdraw.
163 Pompey.
164       Here comes Signior Claudio, led by the provost to
165       prison; and there's Madam Juliet.
 
166 [Exeunt]
 
167 [Enter Provost, CLAUDIO, JULIET, and Officers]
 
168 Claudio.
169       Fellow, why dost thou show me thus to the world?
170       Bear me to prison, where I am committed.
171 Provost.
172       I do it not in evil disposition,
173       But from Lord Angelo by special charge.
174 Claudio.
175       Thus can the demigod Authority
176       Make us pay down for our offence by weight
177       The words of heaven; on whom it will, it will;
178       On whom it will not, so; yet still 'tis just.
 
179 [Re-enter LUCIO and two Gentlemen]
 
180 Lucio.
181       Why, how now, Claudio! whence comes this restraint?
182 Claudio.
183       From too much liberty, my Lucio, liberty:
184       As surfeit is the father of much fast,
185       So every scope by the immoderate use
186       Turns to restraint. Our natures do pursue,
187       Like rats that ravin down their proper bane,
188       A thirsty evil; and when we drink we die.
189 Lucio.
190       If could speak so wisely under an arrest, I would
191       send for certain of my creditors: and yet, to say
192       the truth, I had as lief have the foppery of freedom
193       as the morality of imprisonment. What's thy
194       offence, Claudio?
195 Claudio.
196       What but to speak of would offend again.
197 Lucio.
198       What, is't murder?
199 Claudio.
200       No.
201 Lucio.
202       Lechery?
203 Claudio.
204       Call it so.
205 Provost.
206       Away, sir! you must go.
207 Claudio.
208       One word, good friend. Lucio, a word with you.
209 Lucio.
210       A hundred, if they'll do you any good.
211       Is lechery so look'd after?
212 Claudio.
213       Thus stands it with me: upon a true contract
214       I got possession of Julietta's bed:
215       You know the lady; she is fast my wife,
216       Save that we do the denunciation lack
217       Of outward order: this we came not to,
218       Only for propagation of a dower
219       Remaining in the coffer of her friends,
220       From whom we thought it meet to hide our love
221       Till time had made them for us. But it chances
222       The stealth of our most mutual entertainment
223       With character too gross is writ on Juliet.
224 Lucio.
225       With child, perhaps?
226 Claudio.
227       Unhappily, even so.
228       And the new deputy now for the duke
229       Whether it be the fault and glimpse of newness,
230       Or whether that the body public be
231       A horse whereon the governor doth ride,
232       Who, newly in the seat, that it may know
233       He can command, lets it straight feel the spur;
234       Whether the tyranny be in his place,
235       Or in his emmence that fills it up,
236       I stagger in:—but this new governor
237       Awakes me all the enrolled penalties
238       Which have, like unscour'd armour, hung by the wall
239       So long that nineteen zodiacs have gone round
240       And none of them been worn; and, for a name,
241       Now puts the drowsy and neglected act
242       Freshly on me: 'tis surely for a name.
243 Lucio.
244       I warrant it is: and thy head stands so tickle on
245       thy shoulders that a milkmaid, if she be in love,
246       may sigh it off. Send after the duke and appeal to
247       him.
248 Claudio.
249       I have done so, but he's not to be found.
250       I prithee, Lucio, do me this kind service:
251       This day my sister should the cloister enter
252       And there receive her approbation:
253       Acquaint her with the danger of my state:
254       Implore her, in my voice, that she make friends
255       To the strict deputy; bid herself assay him:
256       I have great hope in that; for in her youth
257       There is a prone and speechless dialect,
258       Such as move men; beside, she hath prosperous art
259       When she will play with reason and discourse,
260       And well she can persuade.
261 Lucio.
262       I pray she may; as well for the encouragement of the
263       like, which else would stand under grievous
264       imposition, as for the enjoying of thy life, who I
265       would be sorry should be thus foolishly lost at a
266       game of tick-tack. I'll to her.
267 Claudio.
268       I thank you, good friend Lucio.
269 Lucio.
270       Within two hours.
271 Claudio.
272       Come, officer, away!
 
273 [Exeunt]
 

3. Act I, Scene 3

 
 
0 [Enter DUKE VINCENTIO and FRIAR THOMAS]
 
1 Vincentio.
2       No, holy father; throw away that thought;
3       Believe not that the dribbling dart of love
4       Can pierce a complete bosom. Why I desire thee
5       To give me secret harbour, hath a purpose
6       More grave and wrinkled than the aims and ends
7       Of burning youth.
8 Friar Thomas.
9       May your grace speak of it?
10 Vincentio.
11       My holy sir, none better knows than you
12       How I have ever loved the life removed
13       And held in idle price to haunt assemblies
14       Where youth, and cost, and witless bravery keeps.
15       I have deliver'd to Lord Angelo,
16       A man of stricture and firm abstinence,
17       My absolute power and place here in Vienna,
18       And he supposes me travell'd to Poland;
19       For so I have strew'd it in the common ear,
20       And so it is received. Now, pious sir,
21       You will demand of me why I do this?
22 Friar Thomas.
23       Gladly, my lord.
24 Vincentio.
25       We have strict statutes and most biting laws.
26       The needful bits and curbs to headstrong weeds,
27       Which for this nineteen years we have let slip;
28       Even like an o'ergrown lion in a cave,
29       That goes not out to prey. Now, as fond fathers,
30       Having bound up the threatening twigs of birch,
31       Only to stick it in their children's sight
32       For terror, not to use, in time the rod
33       Becomes more mock'd than fear'd; so our decrees,
34       Dead to infliction, to themselves are dead;
35       And liberty plucks justice by the nose;
36       The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart
37       Goes all decorum.
38 Friar Thomas.
39       It rested in your grace
40       To unloose this tied-up justice when you pleased:
41       And it in you more dreadful would have seem'd
42       Than in Lord Angelo.
43 Vincentio.
44       I do fear, too dreadful:
45       Sith 'twas my fault to give the people scope,
46       'Twould be my tyranny to strike and gall them
47       For what I bid them do: for we bid this be done,
48       When evil deeds have their permissive pass
49       And not the punishment. Therefore indeed, my father,
50       I have on Angelo imposed the office;
51       Who may, in the ambush of my name, strike home,
52       And yet my nature never in the fight
53       To do in slander. And to behold his sway,
54       I will, as 'twere a brother of your order,
55       Visit both prince and people: therefore, I prithee,
56       Supply me with the habit and instruct me
57       How I may formally in person bear me
58       Like a true friar. More reasons for this action
59       At our more leisure shall I render you;
60       Only, this one: Lord Angelo is precise;
61       Stands at a guard with envy; scarce confesses
62       That his blood flows, or that his appetite
63       Is more to bread than stone: hence shall we see,
64       If power change purpose, what our seemers be.
 
65 [Exeunt]
 

4. Act I, Scene 4

 
 
0 [Enter ISABELLA and FRANCISCA]
 
1 Isabella.
2       And have you nuns no farther privileges?
3 Francisca.
4       Are not these large enough?
5 Isabella.
6       Yes, truly; I speak not as desiring more;
7       But rather wishing a more strict restraint
8       Upon the sisterhood, the votarists of Saint Clare.
9 Lucio.
10       [Within]Ho! Peace be in this place!
11 Isabella.
12       Who's that which calls?
13 Francisca.
14       It is a man's voice. Gentle Isabella,
15       Turn you the key, and know his business of him;
16       You may, I may not; you are yet unsworn.
17       When you have vow'd, you must not speak with men
18       But in the presence of the prioress:
19       Then, if you speak, you must not show your face,
20       Or, if you show your face, you must not speak.
21       He calls again; I pray you, answer him.
 
22 [Exit]
 
23 Isabella.
24       Peace and prosperity! Who is't that calls
 
25 [Enter LUCIO]
 
26 Lucio.
27       Hail, virgin, if you be, as those cheek-roses
28       Proclaim you are no less! Can you so stead me
29       As bring me to the sight of Isabella,
30       A novice of this place and the fair sister
31       To her unhappy brother Claudio?
32 Isabella.
33       Why 'her unhappy brother'? let me ask,
34       The rather for I now must make you know
35       I am that Isabella and his sister.
36 Lucio.
37       Gentle and fair, your brother kindly greets you:
38       Not to be weary with you, he's in prison.
39 Isabella.
40       Woe me! for what?
41 Lucio.
42       For that which, if myself might be his judge,
43       He should receive his punishment in thanks:
44       He hath got his friend with child.
45 Isabella.
46       Sir, make me not your story.
47 Lucio.
48       It is true.
49       I would notthough 'tis my familiar sin
50       With maids to seem the lapwing and to jest,
51       Tongue far from heartplay with all virgins so:
52       I hold you as a thing ensky'd and sainted.
53       By your renouncement an immortal spirit,
54       And to be talk'd with in sincerity,
55       As with a saint.
56 Isabella.
57       You do blaspheme the good in mocking me.
58 Lucio.
59       Do not believe it. Fewness and truth, 'tis thus:
60       Your brother and his lover have embraced:
61       As those that feed grow full, as blossoming time
62       That from the seedness the bare fallow brings
63       To teeming foison, even so her plenteous womb
64       Expresseth his full tilth and husbandry.
65 Isabella.
66       Some one with child by him? My cousin Juliet?
67 Lucio.
68       Is she your cousin?
69 Isabella.
70       Adoptedly; as school-maids change their names
71       By vain though apt affection.
72 Lucio.
73       She it is.
74 Isabella.
75       O, let him marry her.
76 Lucio.
77       This is the point.
78       The duke is very strangely gone from hence;
79       Bore many gentlemen, myself being one,
80       In hand and hope of action: but we do learn
81       By those that know the very nerves of state,
82       His givings-out were of an infinite distance
83       From his true-meant design. Upon his place,
84       And with full line of his authority,
85       Governs Lord Angelo; a man whose blood
86       Is very snow-broth; one who never feels
87       The wanton stings and motions of the sense,
88       But doth rebate and blunt his natural edge
89       With profits of the mind, study and fast.
90       Heto give fear to use and liberty,
91       Which have for long run by the hideous law,
92       As mice by lionshath pick'd out an act,
93       Under whose heavy sense your brother's life
94       Falls into forfeit: he arrests him on it;
95       And follows close the rigour of the statute,
96       To make him an example. All hope is gone,
97       Unless you have the grace by your fair prayer
98       To soften Angelo: and that's my pith of business
99       'Twixt you and your poor brother.
100 Isabella.
101       Doth he so seek his life?
102 Lucio.
103       Has censured him
104       Already; and, as I hear, the provost hath
105       A warrant for his execution.
106 Isabella.
107       Alas! what poor ability's in me
108       To do him good?
109 Lucio.
110       Assay the power you have.
111 Isabella.
112       My power? Alas, I doubt
113 Lucio.
114       Our doubts are traitors
115       And make us lose the good we oft might win
116       By fearing to attempt. Go to Lord Angelo,
117       And let him learn to know, when maidens sue,
118       Men give like gods; but when they weep and kneel,
119       All their petitions are as freely theirs
120       As they themselves would owe them.
121 Isabella.
122       I'll see what I can do.
123 Lucio.
124       But speedily.
125 Isabella.
126       I will about it straight;
127       No longer staying but to give the mother
128       Notice of my affair. I humbly thank you:
129       Commend me to my brother: soon at night
130       I'll send him certain word of my success.
131 Lucio.
132       I take my leave of you.
133 Isabella.
134       Good sir, adieu.
 
【 】Act I
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