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◈ Love's Labour's Lost (사랑의 헛수고) ◈

◇ Act I ◇

해설목차  서문  1권 2권  3권  4권  5권  1594
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 1. Act I, Scene 1
 2. Act I, Scene 2

1. Act I, Scene 1

0 The king of Navarre’s park.
 
1 [Enter FERDINAND king of Navarre, BIRON, LONGAVILLE] [p]and DUMAIN]
 
2 Ferdinand.
3 Let fame, that all hunt after in their lives,
4 Live register'd upon our brazen tombs
5 And then grace us in the disgrace of death;
6 When, spite of cormorant devouring Time,
7 The endeavor of this present breath may buy
8 That honour which shall bate his scythe's keen edge
9 And make us heirs of all eternity.
10 Therefore, brave conquerors,—for so you are,
11 That war against your own affections
12 And the huge army of the world's desires,—
13 Our late edict shall strongly stand in force:
14 Navarre shall be the wonder of the world;
15 Our court shall be a little Academe,
16 Still and contemplative in living art.
17 You three, Biron, Dumain, and Longaville,
18 Have sworn for three years' term to live with me
19 My fellow-scholars, and to keep those statutes
20 That are recorded in this schedule here:
21 Your oaths are pass'd; and now subscribe your names,
22 That his own hand may strike his honour down
23 That violates the smallest branch herein:
24 If you are arm'd to do as sworn to do,
25 Subscribe to your deep oaths, and keep it too.
26 Longaville.
27 I am resolved; 'tis but a three years' fast:
28 The mind shall banquet, though the body pine:
29 Fat paunches have lean pates, and dainty bits
30 Make rich the ribs, but bankrupt quite the wits.
31 Dumain.
32 My loving lord, Dumain is mortified:
33 The grosser manner of these world's delights
34 He throws upon the gross world's baser slaves:
35 To love, to wealth, to pomp, I pine and die;
36 With all these living in philosophy.
37 Biron.
38 I can but say their protestation over;
39 So much, dear liege, I have already sworn,
40 That is, to live and study here three years.
41 But there are other strict observances;
42 As, not to see a woman in that term,
43 Which I hope well is not enrolled there;
44 And one day in a week to touch no food
45 And but one meal on every day beside,
46 The which I hope is not enrolled there;
47 And then, to sleep but three hours in the night,
48 And not be seen to wink of all the day
49 When I was wont to think no harm all night
50 And make a dark night too of half the day
51 Which I hope well is not enrolled there:
52 O, these are barren tasks, too hard to keep,
53 Not to see ladies, study, fast, not sleep!
54 Ferdinand.
55 Your oath is pass'd to pass away from these.
56 Biron.
57 Let me say no, my liege, an if you please:
58 I only swore to study with your grace
59 And stay here in your court for three years' space.
60 Longaville.
61 You swore to that, Biron, and to the rest.
62 Biron.
63 By yea and nay, sir, then I swore in jest.
64 What is the end of study? let me know.
65 Ferdinand.
66 Why, that to know, which else we should not know.
67 Biron.
68 Things hid and barr'd, you mean, from common sense?
69 Ferdinand.
70 Ay, that is study's godlike recompense.
71 Biron.
72 Come on, then; I will swear to study so,
73 To know the thing I am forbid to know:
74 As thus,—to study where I well may dine,
75 When I to feast expressly am forbid;
76 Or study where to meet some mistress fine,
77 When mistresses from common sense are hid;
78 Or, having sworn too hard a keeping oath,
79 Study to break it and not break my troth.
80 If study's gain be thus and this be so,
81 Study knows that which yet it doth not know:
82 Swear me to this, and I will ne'er say no.
83 Ferdinand.
84 These be the stops that hinder study quite
85 And train our intellects to vain delight.
86 Biron.
87 Why, all delights are vain; but that most vain,
88 Which with pain purchased doth inherit pain:
89 As, painfully to pore upon a book
90 To seek the light of truth; while truth the while
91 Doth falsely blind the eyesight of his look:
92 Light seeking light doth light of light beguile:
93 So, ere you find where light in darkness lies,
94 Your light grows dark by losing of your eyes.
95 Study me how to please the eye indeed
96 By fixing it upon a fairer eye,
97 Who dazzling so, that eye shall be his heed
98 And give him light that it was blinded by.
99 Study is like the heaven's glorious sun
100 That will not be deep-search'd with saucy looks:
101 Small have continual plodders ever won
102 Save base authority from others' books
103 These earthly godfathers of heaven's lights
104 That give a name to every fixed star
105 Have no more profit of their shining nights
106 Than those that walk and wot not what they are.
107 Too much to know is to know nought but fame;
108 And every godfather can give a name.
109 Ferdinand.
110 How well he's read, to reason against reading!
111 Dumain.
112 Proceeded well, to stop all good proceeding!
113 Longaville.
114 He weeds the corn and still lets grow the weeding.
115 Biron.
116 The spring is near when green geese are a-breeding.
117 Dumain.
118 How follows that?
119 Biron.
120 Fit in his place and time.
121 Dumain.
122 In reason nothing.
123 Biron.
124 Something then in rhyme.
125 Ferdinand.
126 Biron is like an envious sneaping frost,
127 That bites the first-born infants of the spring.
128 Biron.
129 Well, say I am; why should proud summer boast
130 Before the birds have any cause to sing?
131 Why should I joy in any abortive birth?
132 At Christmas I no more desire a rose
133 Than wish a snow in May's new-fangled mirth;
134 But like of each thing that in season grows.
135 So you, to study now it is too late,
136 Climb o'er the house to unlock the little gate.
137 Ferdinand.
138 Well, sit you out: go home, Biron: adieu.
139 Biron.
140 No, my good lord; I have sworn to stay with you:
141 And though I have for barbarism spoke more
142 Than for that angel knowledge you can say,
143 Yet confident I'll keep what I have swore
144 And bide the penance of each three years' day.
145 Give me the paper; let me read the same;
146 And to the strict'st decrees I'll write my name.
147 Ferdinand.
148 How well this yielding rescues thee from shame!
149 Biron.
150 [Reads]'Item, That no woman shall come within a
151 mile of my court:' Hath this been proclaimed?
152 Longaville.
153 Four days ago.
154 Biron.
155 Let's see the penalty.
156 [Reads]
157 'On pain of losing her tongue.' Who devised this penalty?
158 Longaville.
159 Marry, that did I.
160 Biron.
161 Sweet lord, and why?
162 Longaville.
163 To fright them hence with that dread penalty.
164 Biron.
165 A dangerous law against gentility!
166 [Reads]
167 'Item, If any man be seen to talk with a woman
168 within the term of three years, he shall endure such
169 public shame as the rest of the court can possibly devise.'
170 This article, my liege, yourself must break;
171 For well you know here comes in embassy
172 The French king's daughter with yourself to speak
173 A maid of grace and complete majesty
174 About surrender up of Aquitaine
175 To her decrepit, sick and bedrid father:
176 Therefore this article is made in vain,
177 Or vainly comes the admired princess hither.
178 Ferdinand.
179 What say you, lords? Why, this was quite forgot.
180 Biron.
181 So study evermore is overshot:
182 While it doth study to have what it would
183 It doth forget to do the thing it should,
184 And when it hath the thing it hunteth most,
185 'Tis won as towns with fire, so won, so lost.
186 Ferdinand.
187 We must of force dispense with this decree;
188 She must lie here on mere necessity.
189 Biron.
190 Necessity will make us all forsworn
191 Three thousand times within this three years' space;
192 For every man with his affects is born,
193 Not by might master'd but by special grace:
194 If I break faith, this word shall speak for me;
195 I am forsworn on 'mere necessity.'
196 So to the laws at large I write my name:
197 [Subscribes]
198 And he that breaks them in the least degree
199 Stands in attainder of eternal shame:
200 Suggestions are to other as to me;
201 But I believe, although I seem so loath,
202 I am the last that will last keep his oath.
203 But is there no quick recreation granted?
204 Ferdinand.
205 Ay, that there is. Our court, you know, is haunted
206 With a refined traveller of Spain;
207 A man in all the world's new fashion planted,
208 That hath a mint of phrases in his brain;
209 One whom the music of his own vain tongue
210 Doth ravish like enchanting harmony;
211 A man of complements, whom right and wrong
212 Have chose as umpire of their mutiny:
213 This child of fancy, that Armado hight,
214 For interim to our studies shall relate
215 In high-born words the worth of many a knight
216 From tawny Spain lost in the world's debate.
217 How you delight, my lords, I know not, I;
218 But, I protest, I love to hear him lie
219 And I will use him for my minstrelsy.
220 Biron.
221 Armado is a most illustrious wight,
222 A man of fire-new words, fashion's own knight.
223 Longaville.
224 Costard the swain and he shall be our sport;
225 And so to study, three years is but short.
 
226 [Enter DULL with a letter, and COSTARD]
 
227 Dull.
228 Which is the duke's own person?
229 Biron.
230 This, fellow: what wouldst?
231 Dull.
232 I myself reprehend his own person, for I am his
233 grace's tharborough: but I would see his own person
234 in flesh and blood.
235 Biron.
236 This is he.
237 Dull.
238 Signior ArmeArmecommends you. There's villany
239 abroad: this letter will tell you more.
240 Costard.
241 Sir, the contempts thereof are as touching me.
242 Ferdinand.
243 A letter from the magnificent Armado.
244 Biron.
245 How low soever the matter, I hope in God for high words.
246 Longaville.
247 A high hope for a low heaven: God grant us patience!
248 Biron.
249 To hear? or forbear laughing?
250 Longaville.
251 To hear meekly, sir, and to laugh moderately; or to
252 forbear both.
253 Biron.
254 Well, sir, be it as the style shall give us cause to
255 climb in the merriness.
256 Costard.
257 The matter is to me, sir, as concerning Jaquenetta.
258 The manner of it is, I was taken with the manner.
259 Biron.
260 In what manner?
261 Costard.
262 In manner and form following, sir; all those three:
263 I was seen with her in the manor-house, sitting with
264 her upon the form, and taken following her into the
265 park; which, put together, is in manner and form
266 following. Now, sir, for the manner,—it is the
267 manner of a man to speak to a woman: for the form,—
268 in some form.
269 Biron.
270 For the following, sir?
271 Costard.
272 As it shall follow in my correction: and God defend
273 the right!
274 Ferdinand.
275 Will you hear this letter with attention?
276 Biron.
277 As we would hear an oracle.
278 Costard.
279 Such is the simplicity of man to hearken after the flesh.
280 Ferdinand.
281 [Reads]'Great deputy, the welkin's vicegerent and
282 sole dominator of Navarre, my soul's earth's god,
283 and body's fostering patron.'
284 Costard.
285 Not a word of Costard yet.
286 Ferdinand.
287 [Reads]'So it is,'—
288 Costard.
289 It may be so: but if he say it is so, he is, in
290 telling true, but so.
291 Ferdinand.
292 Peace!
293 Costard.
294 Be to me and every man that dares not fight!
295 Ferdinand.
296 No words!
297 Costard.
298 Of other men's secrets, I beseech you.
299 Ferdinand.
300 [Reads]'So it is, besieged with sable-coloured
301 melancholy, I did commend the black-oppressing humour
302 to the most wholesome physic of thy health-giving
303 air; and, as I am a gentleman, betook myself to
304 walk. The time when. About the sixth hour; when
305 beasts most graze, birds best peck, and men sit down
306 to that nourishment which is called supper: so much
307 for the time when. Now for the ground which; which,
308 I mean, I walked upon: it is y-cleped thy park. Then
309 for the place where; where, I mean, I did encounter
310 that obscene and preposterous event, that draweth
311 from my snow-white pen the ebon-coloured ink, which
312 here thou viewest, beholdest, surveyest, or seest;
313 but to the place where; it standeth north-north-east
314 and by east from the west corner of thy curious-
315 knotted garden: there did I see that low-spirited
316 swain, that base minnow of thy mirth,'—
317 Costard.
318 Me?
319 Ferdinand.
320 [Reads]'that unlettered small-knowing soul,'—
321 Costard.
322 Me?
323 Ferdinand.
324 [Reads]'that shallow vassal,'—
325 Costard.
326 Still me?
327 Ferdinand.
328 [Reads]'which, as I remember, hight Costard,'—
329 Costard.
330 O, me!
331 Ferdinand.
332 [Reads]'sorted and consorted, contrary to thy
333 established proclaimed edict and continent canon,
334 which with,—O, withbut with this I passion to say
335 wherewith,—
336 Costard.
337 With a wench.
338 Ferdinand.
339 [Reads]'with a child of our grandmother Eve, a
340 female; or, for thy more sweet understanding, a
341 woman. Him I, as my ever-esteemed duty pricks me on,
342 have sent to thee, to receive the meed of
343 punishment, by thy sweet grace's officer, Anthony
344 Dull; a man of good repute, carriage, bearing, and
345 estimation.'
346 Dull.
347 'Me, an't shall please you; I am Anthony Dull.
348 Ferdinand.
349 [Reads]'For Jaquenetta,—so is the weaker vessel
350 called which I apprehended with the aforesaid
351 swain,—I keep her as a vessel of the law's fury;
352 and shall, at the least of thy sweet notice, bring
353 her to trial. Thine, in all compliments of devoted
354 and heart-burning heat of duty.
355 DON ADRIANO DE ARMADO.'
356 Biron.
357 This is not so well as I looked for, but the best
358 that ever I heard.
359 Ferdinand.
360 Ay, the best for the worst. But, sirrah, what say
361 you to this?
362 Costard.
363 Sir, I confess the wench.
364 Ferdinand.
365 Did you hear the proclamation?
366 Costard.
367 I do confess much of the hearing it but little of
368 the marking of it.
369 Ferdinand.
370 It was proclaimed a year's imprisonment, to be taken
371 with a wench.
372 Costard.
373 I was taken with none, sir: I was taken with a damsel.
374 Ferdinand.
375 Well, it was proclaimed 'damsel.'
376 Costard.
377 This was no damsel, neither, sir; she was a virgin.
378 Ferdinand.
379 It is so varied, too; for it was proclaimed 'virgin.'
380 Costard.
381 If it were, I deny her virginity: I was taken with a maid.
382 Ferdinand.
383 This maid will not serve your turn, sir.
384 Costard.
385 This maid will serve my turn, sir.
386 Ferdinand.
387 Sir, I will pronounce your sentence: you shall fast
388 a week with bran and water.
389 Costard.
390 I had rather pray a month with mutton and porridge.
391 Ferdinand.
392 And Don Armado shall be your keeper.
393 My Lord Biron, see him deliver'd o'er:
394 And go we, lords, to put in practise that
395 Which each to other hath so strongly sworn.
 
396 [Exeunt FERDINAND, LONGAVILLE, and DUMAIN]
 
397 Biron.
398 I'll lay my head to any good man's hat,
399 These oaths and laws will prove an idle scorn.
400 Sirrah, come on.
401 Costard.
402 I suffer for the truth, sir; for true it is, I was
403 taken with Jaquenetta, and Jaquenetta is a true
404 girl; and therefore welcome the sour cup of
405 prosperity! Affliction may one day smile again; and
406 till then, sit thee down, sorrow!
 
407 [Exeunt]
 

2. Act I, Scene 2

0 The same.
 
1 [Enter DON ADRIANO DE ARMADO and MOTH]
 
2 Don Adriano de Armado.
3 Boy, what sign is it when a man of great spirit
4 grows melancholy?
5 Moth.
6 A great sign, sir, that he will look sad.
7 Don Adriano de Armado.
8 Why, sadness is one and the self-same thing, dear imp.
9 Moth.
10 No, no; O Lord, sir, no.
11 Don Adriano de Armado.
12 How canst thou part sadness and melancholy, my
13 tender juvenal?
14 Moth.
15 By a familiar demonstration of the working, my tough senior.
16 Don Adriano de Armado.
17 Why tough senior? why tough senior?
18 Moth.
19 Why tender juvenal? why tender juvenal?
20 Don Adriano de Armado.
21 I spoke it, tender juvenal, as a congruent epitheton
22 appertaining to thy young days, which we may
23 nominate tender.
24 Moth.
25 And I, tough senior, as an appertinent title to your
26 old time, which we may name tough.
27 Don Adriano de Armado.
28 Pretty and apt.
29 Moth.
30 How mean you, sir? I pretty, and my saying apt? or
31 I apt, and my saying pretty?
32 Don Adriano de Armado.
33 Thou pretty, because little.
34 Moth.
35 Little pretty, because little. Wherefore apt?
36 Don Adriano de Armado.
37 And therefore apt, because quick.
38 Moth.
39 Speak you this in my praise, master?
40 Don Adriano de Armado.
41 In thy condign praise.
42 Moth.
43 I will praise an eel with the same praise.
44 Don Adriano de Armado.
45 What, that an eel is ingenious?
46 Moth.
47 That an eel is quick.
48 Don Adriano de Armado.
49 I do say thou art quick in answers: thou heatest my blood.
50 Moth.
51 I am answered, sir.
52 Don Adriano de Armado.
53 I love not to be crossed.
54 Moth.
55 [Aside]He speaks the mere contrary; crosses love not him.
56 Don Adriano de Armado.
57 I have promised to study three years with the duke.
58 Moth.
59 You may do it in an hour, sir.
60 Don Adriano de Armado.
61 Impossible.
62 Moth.
63 How many is one thrice told?
64 Don Adriano de Armado.
65 I am ill at reckoning; it fitteth the spirit of a tapster.
66 Moth.
67 You are a gentleman and a gamester, sir.
68 Don Adriano de Armado.
69 I confess both: they are both the varnish of a
70 complete man.
71 Moth.
72 Then, I am sure, you know how much the gross sum of
73 deuce-ace amounts to.
74 Don Adriano de Armado.
75 It doth amount to one more than two.
76 Moth.
77 Which the base vulgar do call three.
78 Don Adriano de Armado.
79 True.
80 Moth.
81 Why, sir, is this such a piece of study? Now here
82 is three studied, ere ye'll thrice wink: and how
83 easy it is to put 'years' to the word 'three,' and
84 study three years in two words, the dancing horse
85 will tell you.
86 Don Adriano de Armado.
87 A most fine figure!
88 Moth.
89 To prove you a cipher.
90 Don Adriano de Armado.
91 I will hereupon confess I am in love: and as it is
92 base for a soldier to love, so am I in love with a
93 base wench. If drawing my sword against the humour
94 of affection would deliver me from the reprobate
95 thought of it, I would take Desire prisoner, and
96 ransom him to any French courtier for a new-devised
97 courtesy. I think scorn to sigh: methinks I should
98 outswear Cupid. Comfort, me, boy: what great men
99 have been in love?
100 Moth.
101 Hercules, master.
102 Don Adriano de Armado.
103 Most sweet Hercules! More authority, dear boy, name
104 more; and, sweet my child, let them be men of good
105 repute and carriage.
106 Moth.
107 Samson, master: he was a man of good carriage, great
108 carriage, for he carried the town-gates on his back
109 like a porter: and he was in love.
110 Don Adriano de Armado.
111 O well-knit Samson! strong-jointed Samson! I do
112 excel thee in my rapier as much as thou didst me in
113 carrying gates. I am in love too. Who was Samson's
114 love, my dear Moth?
115 Moth.
116 A woman, master.
117 Don Adriano de Armado.
118 Of what complexion?
119 Moth.
120 Of all the four, or the three, or the two, or one of the four.
121 Don Adriano de Armado.
122 Tell me precisely of what complexion.
123 Moth.
124 Of the sea-water green, sir.
125 Don Adriano de Armado.
126 Is that one of the four complexions?
127 Moth.
128 As I have read, sir; and the best of them too.
129 Don Adriano de Armado.
130 Green indeed is the colour of lovers; but to have a
131 love of that colour, methinks Samson had small reason
132 for it. He surely affected her for her wit.
133 Moth.
134 It was so, sir; for she had a green wit.
135 Don Adriano de Armado.
136 My love is most immaculate white and red.
137 Moth.
138 Most maculate thoughts, master, are masked under
139 such colours.
140 Don Adriano de Armado.
141 Define, define, well-educated infant.
142 Moth.
143 My father's wit and my mother's tongue, assist me!
144 Don Adriano de Armado.
145 Sweet invocation of a child; most pretty and
146 pathetical!
147 Moth.
148 If she be made of white and red,
149 Her faults will ne'er be known,
150 For blushing cheeks by faults are bred
151 And fears by pale white shown:
152 Then if she fear, or be to blame,
153 By this you shall not know,
154 For still her cheeks possess the same
155 Which native she doth owe.
156 A dangerous rhyme, master, against the reason of
157 white and red.
158 Don Adriano de Armado.
159 Is there not a ballad, boy, of the King and the Beggar?
160 Moth.
161 The world was very guilty of such a ballad some
162 three ages since: but I think now 'tis not to be
163 found; or, if it were, it would neither serve for
164 the writing nor the tune.
165 Don Adriano de Armado.
166 I will have that subject newly writ o'er, that I may
167 example my digression by some mighty precedent.
168 Boy, I do love that country girl that I took in the
169 park with the rational hind Costard: she deserves well.
170 Moth.
171 [Aside]To be whipped; and yet a better love than
172 my master.
173 Don Adriano de Armado.
174 Sing, boy; my spirit grows heavy in love.
175 Moth.
176 And that's great marvel, loving a light wench.
177 Don Adriano de Armado.
178 I say, sing.
179 Moth.
180 Forbear till this company be past.
 
181 [Enter DULL, COSTARD, and JAQUENETTA]
 
182 Dull.
183 Sir, the duke's pleasure is, that you keep Costard
184 safe: and you must suffer him to take no delight
185 nor no penance; but a' must fast three days a week.
186 For this damsel, I must keep her at the park: she
187 is allowed for the day-woman. Fare you well.
188 Don Adriano de Armado.
189 I do betray myself with blushing. Maid!
190 Jaquenetta.
191 Man?
192 Don Adriano de Armado.
193 I will visit thee at the lodge.
194 Jaquenetta.
195 That's hereby.
196 Don Adriano de Armado.
197 I know where it is situate.
198 Jaquenetta.
199 Lord, how wise you are!
200 Don Adriano de Armado.
201 I will tell thee wonders.
202 Jaquenetta.
203 With that face?
204 Don Adriano de Armado.
205 I love thee.
206 Jaquenetta.
207 So I heard you say.
208 Don Adriano de Armado.
209 And so, farewell.
210 Jaquenetta.
211 Fair weather after you!
212 Dull.
213 Come, Jaquenetta, away!
 
214 [Exeunt DULL and JAQUENETTA]
 
215 Don Adriano de Armado.
216 Villain, thou shalt fast for thy offences ere thou
217 be pardoned.
218 Costard.
219 Well, sir, I hope, when I do it, I shall do it on a
220 full stomach.
221 Don Adriano de Armado.
222 Thou shalt be heavily punished.
223 Costard.
224 I am more bound to you than your fellows, for they
225 are but lightly rewarded.
226 Don Adriano de Armado.
227 Take away this villain; shut him up.
228 Moth.
229 Come, you transgressing slave; away!
230 Costard.
231 Let me not be pent up, sir: I will fast, being loose.
232 Moth.
233 No, sir; that were fast and loose: thou shalt to prison.
234 Costard.
235 Well, if ever I do see the merry days of desolation
236 that I have seen, some shall see.
237 Moth.
238 What shall some see?
239 Costard.
240 Nay, nothing, Master Moth, but what they look upon.
241 It is not for prisoners to be too silent in their
242 words; and therefore I will say nothing: I thank
243 God I have as little patience as another man; and
244 therefore I can be quiet.
 
245 [Exeunt MOTH and COSTARD]
 
246 Don Adriano de Armado.
247 I do affect the very ground, which is base, where
248 her shoe, which is baser, guided by her foot, which
249 is basest, doth tread. I shall be forsworn, which
250 is a great argument of falsehood, if I love. And
251 how can that be true love which is falsely
252 attempted? Love is a familiar; Love is a devil:
253 there is no evil angel but Love. Yet was Samson so
254 tempted, and he had an excellent strength; yet was
255 Solomon so seduced, and he had a very good wit.
256 Cupid's butt-shaft is too hard for Hercules' club;
257 and therefore too much odds for a Spaniard's rapier.
258 The first and second cause will not serve my turn;
259 the passado he respects not, the duello he regards
260 not: his disgrace is to be called boy; but his
261 glory is to subdue men. Adieu, valour! rust rapier!
262 be still, drum! for your manager is in love; yea,
263 he loveth. Assist me, some extemporal god of rhyme,
264 for I am sure I shall turn sonnet. Devise, wit;
265 write, pen; for I am for whole volumes in folio.
 
【 】Act I
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