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◈ The Comedy of Errors (착오희극) ◈

◇ Act I ◇

해설목차  서문  1권 2권  3권  4권  5권  1589
셰익스피어
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 1. Act I, Scene 1
 2. Act I, Scene 2

1. Act I, Scene 1

0 A hall in DUKE SOLINUS’S palace.
 
1 Enter DUKE SOLINUS, AEGEON, Gaoler, Officers, and other] [p]Attendants]
 
2 Aegeon.
3       Proceed, Solinus, to procure my fall
4       And by the doom of death end woes and all.
5 Solinus.
6       Merchant of Syracuse, plead no more;
7       I am not partial to infringe our laws:
8       The enmity and discord which of late
9       Sprung from the rancorous outrage of your duke
10       To merchants, our well-dealing countrymen,
11       Who wanting guilders to redeem their lives
12       Have seal'd his rigorous statutes with their bloods,
13       Excludes all pity from our threatening looks.
14       For, since the mortal and intestine jars
15       'Twixt thy seditious countrymen and us,
16       It hath in solemn synods been decreed
17       Both by the Syracusians and ourselves,
18       To admit no traffic to our adverse towns Nay, more,
19       If any born at Ephesus be seen
20       At any Syracusian marts and fairs;
21       Again: if any Syracusian born
22       Come to the bay of Ephesus, he dies,
23       His goods confiscate to the duke's dispose,
24       Unless a thousand marks be levied,
25       To quit the penalty and to ransom him.
26       Thy substance, valued at the highest rate,
27       Cannot amount unto a hundred marks;
28       Therefore by law thou art condemned to die.
29 Aegeon.
30       Yet this my comfort: when your words are done,
31       My woes end likewise with the evening sun.
32 Solinus.
33       Well, Syracusian, say in brief the cause
34       Why thou departed'st from thy native home
35       And for what cause thou camest to Ephesus.
36 Aegeon.
37       A heavier task could not have been imposed
38       Than I to speak my griefs unspeakable:
39       Yet, that the world may witness that my end
40       Was wrought by nature, not by vile offence,
41       I'll utter what my sorrows give me leave.
42       In Syracusa was I born, and wed
43       Unto a woman, happy but for me,
44       And by me, had not our hap been bad.
45       With her I lived in joy; our wealth increased
46       By prosperous voyages I often made
47       To Epidamnum; till my factor's death
48       And the great care of goods at random left
49       Drew me from kind embracements of my spouse:
50       From whom my absence was not six months old
51       Before herself, almost at fainting under
52       The pleasing punishment that women bear,
53       Had made provision for her following me
54       And soon and safe arrived where I was.
55       There had she not been long, but she became
56       A joyful mother of two goodly sons;
57       And, which was strange, the one so like the other,
58       As could not be distinguish'd but by names.
59       That very hour, and in the self-same inn,
60       A meaner woman was delivered
61       Of such a burden, male twins, both alike:
62       Those,—for their parents were exceeding poor,—
63       I bought and brought up to attend my sons.
64       My wife, not meanly proud of two such boys,
65       Made daily motions for our home return:
66       Unwilling I agreed. Alas! too soon,
67       We came aboard.
68       A league from Epidamnum had we sail'd,
69       Before the always wind-obeying deep
70       Gave any tragic instance of our harm:
71       But longer did we not retain much hope;
72       For what obscured light the heavens did grant
73       Did but convey unto our fearful minds
74       A doubtful warrant of immediate death;
75       Which though myself would gladly have embraced,
76       Yet the incessant weepings of my wife,
77       Weeping before for what she saw must come,
78       And piteous plainings of the pretty babes,
79       That mourn'd for fashion, ignorant what to fear,
80       Forced me to seek delays for them and me.
81       And this it was, for other means was none:
82       The sailors sought for safety by our boat,
83       And left the ship, then sinking-ripe, to us:
84       My wife, more careful for the latter-born,
85       Had fasten'd him unto a small spare mast,
86       Such as seafaring men provide for storms;
87       To him one of the other twins was bound,
88       Whilst I had been like heedful of the other:
89       The children thus disposed, my wife and I,
90       Fixing our eyes on whom our care was fix'd,
91       Fasten'd ourselves at either end the mast;
92       And floating straight, obedient to the stream,
93       Was carried towards Corinth, as we thought.
94       At length the sun, gazing upon the earth,
95       Dispersed those vapours that offended us;
96       And by the benefit of his wished light,
97       The seas wax'd calm, and we discovered
98       Two ships from far making amain to us,
99       Of Corinth that, of Epidaurus this:
100       But ere they came,—O, let me say no more!
101       Gather the sequel by that went before.
102 Solinus.
103       Nay, forward, old man; do not break off so;
104       For we may pity, though not pardon thee.
105 Aegeon.
106       O, had the gods done so, I had not now
107       Worthily term'd them merciless to us!
108       For, ere the ships could meet by twice five leagues,
109       We were encounterd by a mighty rock;
110       Which being violently borne upon,
111       Our helpful ship was splitted in the midst;
112       So that, in this unjust divorce of us,
113       Fortune had left to both of us alike
114       What to delight in, what to sorrow for.
115       Her part, poor soul! seeming as burdened
116       With lesser weight but not with lesser woe,
117       Was carried with more speed before the wind;
118       And in our sight they three were taken up
119       By fishermen of Corinth, as we thought.
120       At length, another ship had seized on us;
121       And, knowing whom it was their hap to save,
122       Gave healthful welcome to their shipwreck'd guests;
123       And would have reft the fishers of their prey,
124       Had not their bark been very slow of sail;
125       And therefore homeward did they bend their course.
126       Thus have you heard me sever'd from my bliss;
127       That by misfortunes was my life prolong'd,
128       To tell sad stories of my own mishaps.
129 Solinus.
130       And for the sake of them thou sorrowest for,
131       Do me the favour to dilate at full
132       What hath befall'n of them and thee till now.
133 Aegeon.
134       My youngest boy, and yet my eldest care,
135       At eighteen years became inquisitive
136       After his brother: and importuned me
137       That his attendantso his case was like,
138       Reft of his brother, but retain'd his name
139       Might bear him company in the quest of him:
140       Whom whilst I labour'd of a love to see,
141       I hazarded the loss of whom I loved.
142       Five summers have I spent in furthest Greece,
143       Roaming clean through the bounds of Asia,
144       And, coasting homeward, came to Ephesus;
145       Hopeless to find, yet loath to leave unsought
146       Or that or any place that harbours men.
147       But here must end the story of my life;
148       And happy were I in my timely death,
149       Could all my travels warrant me they live.
150 Solinus.
151       Hapless AEgeon, whom the fates have mark'd
152       To bear the extremity of dire mishap!
153       Now, trust me, were it not against our laws,
154       Against my crown, my oath, my dignity,
155       Which princes, would they, may not disannul,
156       My soul would sue as advocate for thee.
157       But, though thou art adjudged to the death
158       And passed sentence may not be recall'd
159       But to our honour's great disparagement,
160       Yet I will favour thee in what I can.
161       Therefore, merchant, I'll limit thee this day
162       To seek thy life by beneficial help:
163       Try all the friends thou hast in Ephesus;
164       Beg thou, or borrow, to make up the sum,
165       And live; if no, then thou art doom'd to die.
166       Gaoler, take him to thy custody.
167 Gaoler.
168       I will, my lord.
169 Aegeon.
170       Hopeless and helpless doth AEgeon wend,
171       But to procrastinate his lifeless end.
 
172 [Exeunt]
 

2. Act I, Scene 2

0 The Mart.
 
1 Enter ANTIPHOLUS of Syracuse, DROMIO of Syracuse, and First Merchant]
 
2 First Merchant.
3       Therefore give out you are of Epidamnum,
4       Lest that your goods too soon be confiscate.
5       This very day a Syracusian merchant
6       Is apprehended for arrival here;
7       And not being able to buy out his life
8       According to the statute of the town,
9       Dies ere the weary sun set in the west.
10       There is your money that I had to keep.
11 Antipholus of Syracuse.
12       Go bear it to the Centaur, where we host,
13       And stay there, Dromio, till I come to thee.
14       Within this hour it will be dinner-time:
15       Till that, I'll view the manners of the town,
16       Peruse the traders, gaze upon the buildings,
17       And then return and sleep within mine inn,
18       For with long travel I am stiff and weary.
19       Get thee away.
20 Dromio of Syracuse.
21       Many a man would take you at your word,
22       And go indeed, having so good a mean.
 
23 [Exit]
 
24 Antipholus of Syracuse.
25       A trusty villain, sir, that very oft,
26       When I am dull with care and melancholy,
27       Lightens my humour with his merry jests.
28       What, will you walk with me about the town,
29       And then go to my inn and dine with me?
30 First Merchant.
31       I am invited, sir, to certain merchants,
32       Of whom I hope to make much benefit;
33       I crave your pardon. Soon at five o'clock,
34       Please you, I'll meet with you upon the mart
35       And afterward consort you till bed-time:
36       My present business calls me from you now.
37 Antipholus of Syracuse.
38       Farewell till then: I will go lose myself
39       And wander up and down to view the city.
40 First Merchant.
41       Sir, I commend you to your own content.
 
42 [Exit]
 
43 Antipholus of Syracuse.
44       He that commends me to mine own content
45       Commends me to the thing I cannot get.
46       I to the world am like a drop of water
47       That in the ocean seeks another drop,
48       Who, falling there to find his fellow forth,
49       Unseen, inquisitive, confounds himself:
50       So I, to find a mother and a brother,
51       In quest of them, unhappy, lose myself.
52       [Enter DROMIO of Ephesus]
53       Here comes the almanac of my true date.
54       What now? how chance thou art return'd so soon?
55 Dromio of Ephesus.
56       Return'd so soon! rather approach'd too late:
57       The capon burns, the pig falls from the spit,
58       The clock hath strucken twelve upon the bell;
59       My mistress made it one upon my cheek:
60       She is so hot because the meat is cold;
61       The meat is cold because you come not home;
62       You come not home because you have no stomach;
63       You have no stomach having broke your fast;
64       But we that know what 'tis to fast and pray
65       Are penitent for your default to-day.
66 Antipholus of Syracuse.
67       Stop in your wind, sir: tell me this, I pray:
68       Where have you left the money that I gave you?
69 Dromio of Ephesus.
70       O,—sixpence, that I had o' Wednesday last
71       To pay the saddler for my mistress' crupper?
72       The saddler had it, sir; I kept it not.
73 Antipholus of Syracuse.
74       I am not in a sportive humour now:
75       Tell me, and dally not, where is the money?
76       We being strangers here, how darest thou trust
77       So great a charge from thine own custody?
78 Dromio of Ephesus.
79       I pray you, air, as you sit at dinner:
80       I from my mistress come to you in post;
81       If I return, I shall be post indeed,
82       For she will score your fault upon my pate.
83       Methinks your maw, like mine, should be your clock,
84       And strike you home without a messenger.
85 Antipholus of Syracuse.
86       Come, Dromio, come, these jests are out of season;
87       Reserve them till a merrier hour than this.
88       Where is the gold I gave in charge to thee?
89 Dromio of Ephesus.
90       To me, sir? why, you gave no gold to me.
91 Antipholus of Syracuse.
92       Come on, sir knave, have done your foolishness,
93       And tell me how thou hast disposed thy charge.
94 Dromio of Ephesus.
95       My charge was but to fetch you from the mart
96       Home to your house, the Phoenix, sir, to dinner:
97       My mistress and her sister stays for you.
98 Antipholus of Syracuse.
99       In what safe place you have bestow'd my money,
100       Or I shall break that merry sconce of yours
101       That stands on tricks when I am undisposed:
102       Where is the thousand marks thou hadst of me?
103 Dromio of Ephesus.
104       I have some marks of yours upon my pate,
105       Some of my mistress' marks upon my shoulders,
106       But not a thousand marks between you both.
107       If I should pay your worship those again,
108       Perchance you will not bear them patiently.
109 Antipholus of Syracuse.
110       Thy mistress' marks? what mistress, slave, hast thou?
111 Dromio of Ephesus.
112       Your worship's wife, my mistress at the Phoenix;
113       She that doth fast till you come home to dinner,
114       And prays that you will hie you home to dinner.
115 Antipholus of Syracuse.
116       What, wilt thou flout me thus unto my face,
117       Being forbid? There, take you that, sir knave.
118 Dromio of Ephesus.
119       What mean you, sir? for God's sake, hold your hands!
120       Nay, and you will not, sir, I'll take my heels.
 
121 [Exit]
 
122 Antipholus of Syracuse.
123       Upon my life, by some device or other
124       The villain is o'er-raught of all my money.
125       They say this town is full of cozenage,
126       As, nimble jugglers that deceive the eye,
127       Dark-working sorcerers that change the mind,
128       Soul-killing witches that deform the body,
129       Disguised cheaters, prating mountebanks,
130       And many such-like liberties of sin:
131       If it prove so, I will be gone the sooner.
132       I'll to the Centaur, to go seek this slave:
133       I greatly fear my money is not safe.
 
【 】Act I
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◈ The Comedy of Errors (착오희극) ◈

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