Havingnowbroughtallmythingsonshoreandsecuredthem, I wentbacktomyboat, androwedorpaddledheralongtheshoretoheroldharbour, where I laidherup, andmadethebestofmywaytomyoldhabitation, where I foundeverythingsafeandquiet. I begannowtoreposemyself, liveaftermyoldfashion, andtakecareofmyfamilyaffairs; andfor a while I livedeasyenough, onlythat I wasmorevigilantthan I usedtobe, lookedoutoftener, anddidnotgoabroadsomuch; andifatanytime I didstirwithanyfreedom, itwasalwaystotheeastpartoftheisland, where I wasprettywellsatisfiedthesavagesnevercame, andwhere I couldgowithoutsomanyprecautions, andsuch a loadofarmsandammunitionas I alwayscarriedwithmeif I wenttheotherway. I livedinthisconditionneartwoyearsmore; butmyunluckyhead, thatwasalwaystoletmeknowitwasborntomakemybodymiserable, wasallthesetwoyearsfilledwithprojectsanddesignshow, ifitwerepossible, I mightgetawayfromthisisland: forsometimes I wasformakinganothervoyagetothewreck, thoughmyreasontoldmethattherewasnothingleftthereworththehazardofmyvoyage; sometimesfor a rambleoneway, sometimesanother—and I believeverily, if I hadhadtheboatthat I wentfromSalleein, I shouldhaveventuredtosea, boundanywhere, I knewnotwhither. I havebeen, inallmycircumstances, a mementotothosewhoaretouchedwiththegeneralplagueofmankind, whence, foraught I know, onehalfoftheirmiseriesflow: I meanthatofnotbeingsatisfiedwiththestationwhereinGodandNaturehathplacedthem—for, nottolookbackuponmyprimitivecondition, andtheexcellentadviceofmyfather, theoppositiontowhichwas, as I maycallit, myoriginalsin, mysubsequentmistakesofthesamekindhadbeenthemeansofmycomingintothismiserablecondition; forhadthatProvidencewhichsohappilyseatedmeattheBrazilsas a planterblessedmewithconfineddesires, and I couldhavebeencontentedtohavegoneongradually, I mighthavebeenbythistime—I meaninthetimeofmybeinginthisisland—oneofthemostconsiderableplantersintheBrazils—nay, I ampersuaded, thatbytheimprovements I hadmadeinthatlittletime I livedthere, andtheincrease I shouldprobablyhavemadeif I hadremained, I mighthavebeenworth a hundredthousandmoidores—andwhatbusinesshad I toleave a settledfortune, a well-stockedplantation, improvingandincreasing, toturnsupercargotoGuineatofetchnegroes, whenpatienceandtimewouldhavesoincreasedourstockathome, thatwecouldhaveboughtthematourowndoorfromthosewhosebusinessitwastofetchthem? andthoughithadcostussomethingmore, yetthedifferenceofthatpricewasbynomeansworthsavingatsogreat a hazard. Butasthisisusuallythefateofyoungheads, soreflectionuponthefollyofitisascommonlytheexerciseofmoreyears, orofthedear-boughtexperienceoftime—soitwaswithmenow; andyetsodeephadthemistaketakenrootinmytemper, that I couldnotsatisfymyselfinmystation, butwascontinuallyporinguponthemeansandpossibilityofmyescapefromthisplace; andthat I may, withgreaterpleasuretothereader, bringontheremainingpartofmystory, itmaynotbeimpropertogivesomeaccountofmyfirstconceptionsonthesubjectofthisfoolishschemeformyescape, andhow, anduponwhatfoundation, I acted.

1

I amnowtobesupposedretiredintomycastle, aftermylatevoyagetothewreck, myfrigatelaidupandsecuredunderwater, asusual, andmyconditionrestoredtowhatitwasbefore: I hadmorewealth, indeed, than I hadbefore, butwasnotatallthericher; for I hadnomoreuseforitthantheIndiansofPeruhadbeforetheSpaniardscamethere.

2

ItwasoneofthenightsintherainyseasoninMarch, thefour-and-twentiethyearofmyfirstsettingfootinthisislandofsolitude, I waslyinginmybedorhammock, awake, verywellinhealth, hadnopain, nodistemper, nouneasinessofbody, noranyuneasinessofmindmorethanordinary, butcouldbynomeansclosemyeyes, thatis, soastosleep; no, not a winkallnightlong, otherwisethanasfollows: Itisimpossibletosetdowntheinnumerablecrowdofthoughtsthatwhirledthroughthatgreatthoroughfareofthebrain, thememory, inthisnight’s time. I ranoverthewholehistoryofmylifeinminiature, orbyabridgment, as I maycallit, tomycomingtothisisland, andalsoofthatpartofmylifesince I cametothisisland. Inmyreflectionsuponthestateofmycasesince I cameonshoreonthisisland, I wascomparingthehappypostureofmyaffairsinthefirstyearsofmyhabitationhere, withthelifeofanxiety, fear, andcarewhich I hadlivedineversince I hadseentheprintof a footinthesand. Notthat I didnotbelievethesavageshadfrequentedtheislandevenallthewhile, andmighthavebeenseveralhundredsofthemattimesonshorethere; but I hadneverknownit, andwasincapableofanyapprehensionsaboutit; mysatisfactionwasperfect, thoughmydangerwasthesame, and I wasashappyinnotknowingmydangerasif I hadneverreallybeenexposedtoit. Thisfurnishedmythoughtswithmanyveryprofitablereflections, andparticularlythisone: HowinfinitelygoodthatProvidenceis, whichhasprovided, initsgovernmentofmankind, suchnarrowboundstohissightandknowledgeofthings; andthoughhewalksinthemidstofsomanythousanddangers, thesightofwhich, ifdiscoveredtohim, woulddistracthismindandsinkhisspirits, heiskeptsereneandcalm, byhavingtheeventsofthingshidfromhiseyes, andknowingnothingofthedangerswhichsurroundhim.

3

Afterthesethoughtshadforsometimeentertainedme, I cametoreflectseriouslyupontherealdanger I hadbeeninforsomanyyearsinthisveryisland, andhow I hadwalkedaboutinthegreatestsecurity, andwithallpossibletranquillity, evenwhenperhapsnothingbutthebrowof a hill, a greattree, orthecasualapproachofnight, hadbeenbetweenmeandtheworstkindofdestruction—viz. thatoffallingintothehandsofcannibalsandsavages, whowouldhaveseizedonmewiththesameviewas I wouldon a goatorturtle; andhavethoughtitnomorecrimetokillanddevourmethan I didof a pigeonor a curlew. I wouldunjustlyslandermyselfif I shouldsay I wasnotsincerelythankfultomygreatPreserver, towhosesingularprotection I acknowledged, withgreathumanity, alltheseunknowndeliverancesweredue, andwithoutwhich I mustinevitablyhavefallenintotheirmercilesshands.

4

Whenthesethoughtswereover, myheadwasforsometimetakenupinconsideringthenatureofthesewretchedcreatures, I meanthesavages, andhowitcametopassintheworldthatthewiseGovernorofallthingsshouldgiveupanyofHiscreaturestosuchinhumanity—nay, tosomethingsomuchbelowevenbrutalityitself—astodevouritsownkind: butasthisendedinsome (atthattime) fruitlessspeculations, itoccurredtometoinquirewhatpartoftheworldthesewretcheslivedin? howfaroffthecoastwasfromwhencetheycame? whattheyventuredoversofarfromhomefor? whatkindofboatstheyhad? andwhy I mightnotordermyselfandmybusinesssothat I mightbeabletogooverthither, astheyweretocometome?

5

I neversomuchastroubledmyselftoconsiderwhat I shoulddowithmyselfwhen I wentthither; whatwouldbecomeofmeif I fellintothehandsofthesesavages; orhow I shouldescapethemiftheyattackedme; no, norsomuchashowitwaspossibleformetoreachthecoast, andnottobeattackedbysomeorotherofthem, withoutanypossibilityofdeliveringmyself: andif I shouldnotfallintotheirhands, what I shoulddoforprovision, orwhither I shouldbendmycourse: noneofthesethoughts, I say, somuchascameinmyway; butmymindwaswhollybentuponthenotionofmypassingoverinmyboattothemainland. I lookeduponmypresentconditionasthemostmiserablethatcouldpossiblybe; that I wasnotabletothrowmyselfintoanythingbutdeath, thatcouldbecalledworse; andif I reachedtheshoreofthemain I mightperhapsmeetwithrelief, or I mightcoastalong, as I didontheAfricanshore, till I cametosomeinhabitedcountry, andwhere I mightfindsomerelief; andafterall, perhaps I mightfallinwithsomeChristianshipthatmighttakemein: andiftheworstcametotheworst, I couldbutdie, whichwouldputanendtoallthesemiseriesatonce. Praynote, allthiswasthefruitof a disturbedmind, animpatienttemper, madedesperate, asitwere, bythelongcontinuanceofmytroubles, andthedisappointments I hadmetinthewreck I hadbeenonboardof, andwhere I hadbeensonearobtainingwhat I soearnestlylongedfor—somebodytospeakto, andtolearnsomeknowledgefromthemoftheplacewhere I was, andoftheprobablemeansofmydeliverance. I wasagitatedwhollybythesethoughts; allmycalmofmind, inmyresignationtoProvidence, andwaitingtheissueofthedispositionsofHeaven, seemedtobesuspended; and I hadasitwerenopowertoturnmythoughtstoanythingbuttotheprojectof a voyagetothemain, whichcameuponmewithsuchforce, andsuchanimpetuosityofdesire, thatitwasnottoberesisted.

6

Whenthishadagitatedmythoughtsfortwohoursormore, withsuchviolencethatitsetmyverybloodinto a ferment, andmypulsebeatasif I hadbeenin a fever, merelywiththeextraordinaryfervourofmymindaboutit, Nature—asif I hadbeenfatiguedandexhaustedwiththeverythoughtsofit—threwmeinto a soundsleep. Onewouldhavethought I shouldhavedreamedofit, but I didnot, norofanythingrelatingtoit, but I dreamedthatas I wasgoingoutinthemorningasusualfrommycastle, I sawupontheshoretwocanoesandelevensavagescomingtoland, andthattheybroughtwiththemanothersavagewhomtheyweregoingtokillinordertoeathim; when, on a sudden, thesavagethattheyweregoingtokilljumpedaway, andranforhislife; and I thoughtinmysleepthathecamerunningintomylittlethickgrovebeforemyfortification, tohidehimself; andthat I seeinghimalone, andnotperceivingthattheotherssoughthimthatway, showedmyselftohim, andsmilinguponhim, encouragedhim: thathekneeleddowntome, seemingtopraymetoassisthim; uponwhich I showedhimmyladder, madehimgoup, andcarriedhimintomycave, andhebecamemyservant; andthatassoonas I hadgotthisman, I saidtomyself, “Now I maycertainlyventuretothemainland, forthisfellowwillservemeas a pilot, andwilltellmewhattodo, andwhithertogoforprovisions, andwhithernottogoforfearofbeingdevoured; whatplacestoventureinto, andwhattoshun.” I wakedwiththisthought; andwasundersuchinexpressibleimpressionsofjoyattheprospectofmyescapeinmydream, thatthedisappointmentswhich I feltuponcomingtomyself, andfindingthatitwasnomorethan a dream, wereequallyextravaganttheotherway, andthrewmeinto a verygreatdejectionofspirits.

7

Uponthis, however, I madethisconclusion: thatmyonlywaytogoabouttoattemptanescapewas, toendeavourtoget a savageintomypossession: and, ifpossible, itshouldbeoneoftheirprisoners, whomtheyhadcondemnedtobeeaten, andshouldbringhithertokill. Butthesethoughtsstillwereattendedwiththisdifficulty: thatitwasimpossibletoeffectthiswithoutattacking a wholecaravanofthem, andkillingthemall; andthiswasnotonly a verydesperateattempt, andmightmiscarry, but, ontheotherhand, I hadgreatlyscrupledthelawfulnessofittomyself; andmyhearttrembledatthethoughtsofsheddingsomuchblood, thoughitwasformydeliverance. I neednotrepeattheargumentswhichoccurredtomeagainstthis, theybeingthesamementionedbefore; butthough I hadotherreasonstooffernow—viz. thatthosemenwereenemiestomylife, andwoulddevourmeiftheycould; thatitwasself-preservation, inthehighestdegree, todelivermyselffromthisdeathof a life, andwasactinginmyowndefenceasmuchasiftheywereactuallyassaultingme, andthelike; I saythoughthesethingsarguedforit, yetthethoughtsofsheddinghumanbloodformydeliverancewereveryterribletome, andsuchas I couldbynomeansreconcilemyselftofor a greatwhile. However, atlast, aftermanysecretdisputeswithmyself, andaftergreatperplexitiesaboutit (forallthesearguments, onewayandanother, struggledinmyhead a longtime), theeagerprevailingdesireofdeliveranceatlengthmasteredalltherest; and I resolved, ifpossible, togetoneofthesesavagesintomyhands, costwhatitwould. Mynextthingwastocontrivehowtodoit, andthis, indeed, wasverydifficulttoresolveon; butas I couldpitchuponnoprobablemeansforit, so I resolvedtoputmyselfuponthewatch, toseethemwhentheycameonshore, andleavetheresttotheevent; takingsuchmeasuresastheopportunityshouldpresent, letwhatwouldbe.

8

Withtheseresolutionsinmythoughts, I setmyselfuponthescoutasoftenaspossible, andindeedsooftenthat I washeartilytiredofit; foritwasabove a yearand a halfthat I waited; andforgreatpartofthattimewentouttothewestend, andtothesouth-westcorneroftheislandalmosteveryday, tolookforcanoes, butnoneappeared. Thiswasverydiscouraging, andbegantotroublememuch, though I cannotsaythatitdidinthiscase (asithaddonesometimebefore) wearofftheedgeofmydesiretothething; butthelongeritseemedtobedelayed, themoreeager I wasforit: in a word, I wasnotatfirstsocarefultoshunthesightofthesesavages, andavoidbeingseenbythem, as I wasnoweagertobeuponthem. Besides, I fanciedmyselfabletomanageone, nay, twoorthreesavages, if I hadthem, soastomakethementirelyslavestome, todowhatever I shoulddirectthem, andtopreventtheirbeingableatanytimetodomeanyhurt. Itwas a greatwhilethat I pleasedmyselfwiththisaffair; butnothingstillpresenteditself; allmyfanciesandschemescametonothing, fornosavagescamenearmefor a greatwhile.

9

About a yearand a halfafter I entertainedthesenotions (andbylongmusinghad, asitwere, resolvedthemallintonothing, forwantofanoccasiontoputthemintoexecution), I wassurprisedonemorningbyseeingnolessthanfivecanoesallonshoretogetheronmysidetheisland, andthepeoplewhobelongedtothemalllandedandoutofmysight. Thenumberofthembrokeallmymeasures; forseeingsomany, andknowingthattheyalwayscamefourorsix, orsometimesmorein a boat, I couldnottellwhattothinkofit, orhowtotakemymeasurestoattacktwentyorthirtymensingle-handed; solaystillinmycastle, perplexedanddiscomforted. However, I putmyselfintothesamepositionforanattackthat I hadformerlyprovided, andwasjustreadyforaction, ifanythinghadpresented. Havingwaited a goodwhile, listeningtoheariftheymadeanynoise, atlength, beingveryimpatient, I setmygunsatthefootofmyladder, andclambereduptothetopofthehill, bymytwostages, asusual; standingso, however, thatmyheaddidnotappearabovethehill, sothattheycouldnotperceivemebyanymeans. Here I observed, bythehelpofmyperspectiveglass, thattheywerenolessthanthirtyinnumber; thattheyhad a firekindled, andthattheyhadmeatdressed. Howtheyhadcookedit I knewnot, orwhatitwas; buttheywerealldancing, in I knownothowmanybarbarousgesturesandfigures, theirownway, roundthefire.

10

While I wasthuslookingonthem, I perceived, bymyperspective, twomiserablewretchesdraggedfromtheboats, where, itseems, theywerelaidby, andwerenowbroughtoutfortheslaughter. I perceivedoneofthemimmediatelyfall; beingknockeddown, I suppose, with a cluborwoodensword, forthatwastheirway; andtwoorthreeotherswereatworkimmediately, cuttinghimopenfortheircookery, whiletheothervictimwasleftstandingbyhimself, tilltheyshouldbereadyforhim. Inthatverymomentthispoorwretch, seeinghimself a littleatlibertyandunbound, Natureinspiredhimwithhopesoflife, andhestartedawayfromthem, andranwithincredibleswiftnessalongthesands, directlytowardsme; I meantowardsthatpartofthecoastwheremyhabitationwas. I wasdreadfullyfrightened, I mustacknowledge, when I perceivedhimrunmyway; andespeciallywhen, as I thought, I sawhimpursuedbythewholebody: andnow I expectedthatpartofmydreamwascomingtopass, andthathewouldcertainlytakeshelterinmygrove; but I couldnotdepend, byanymeans, uponmydream, thattheothersavageswouldnotpursuehimthitherandfindhimthere. However, I keptmystation, andmyspiritsbegantorecoverwhen I foundthattherewasnotabovethreementhatfollowedhim; andstillmorewas I encouraged, when I foundthatheoutstrippedthemexceedinglyinrunning, andgainedgroundonthem; sothat, ifhecouldbutholdoutforhalf-an-hour, I saweasilyhewouldfairlygetawayfromthemall.

11

Therewasbetweenthemandmycastlethecreek, which I mentionedofteninthefirstpartofmystory, where I landedmycargoesoutoftheship; andthis I sawplainlyhemustnecessarilyswimover, orthepoorwretchwouldbetakenthere; butwhenthesavageescapingcamethither, hemadenothingofit, thoughthetidewasthenup; butplungingin, swamthroughinaboutthirtystrokes, orthereabouts, landed, andranwithexceedingstrengthandswiftness. Whenthethreepersonscametothecreek, I foundthattwoofthemcouldswim, butthethirdcouldnot, andthat, standingontheotherside, helookedattheothers, butwentnofarther, andsoonafterwentsoftlybackagain; which, asithappened, wasverywellforhimintheend. I observedthatthetwowhoswamwereyetmorethantwiceasstrongswimmingoverthecreekasthefellowwasthatfledfromthem. Itcameverywarmlyuponmythoughts, andindeedirresistibly, thatnowwasthetimetogetme a servant, and, perhaps, a companionorassistant; andthat I wasplainlycalledbyProvidencetosavethispoorcreature’s life. I immediatelyrandowntheladderswithallpossibleexpedition, fetchedmytwoguns, fortheywerebothatthefootoftheladders, as I observedbefore, andgettingupagainwiththesamehastetothetopofthehill, I crossedtowardsthesea; andhaving a veryshortcut, andalldownhill, placedmyselfinthewaybetweenthepursuersandthepursued, hallowingaloudtohimthatfled, who, lookingback, wasatfirstperhapsasmuchfrightenedatmeasatthem; but I beckonedwithmyhandtohimtocomeback; and, inthemeantime, I slowlyadvancedtowardsthetwothatfollowed; thenrushingatonceupontheforemost, I knockedhimdownwiththestockofmypiece. I wasloathtofire, because I wouldnothavetheresthear; though, atthatdistance, itwouldnothavebeeneasilyheard, andbeingoutofsightofthesmoke, too, theywouldnothaveknownwhattomakeofit. Havingknockedthisfellowdown, theotherwhopursuedhimstopped, asifhehadbeenfrightened, and I advancedtowardshim: butas I camenearer, I perceivedpresentlyhehad a bowandarrow, andwasfittingittoshootatme: so I wasthenobligedtoshootathimfirst, which I did, andkilledhimatthefirstshot. Thepoorsavagewhofled, buthadstopped, thoughhesawbothhisenemiesfallenandkilled, ashethought, yetwassofrightenedwiththefireandnoiseofmypiecethathestoodstockstill, andneithercameforwardnorwentbackward, thoughheseemedratherinclinedstilltoflythantocomeon. I hallooedagaintohim, andmadesignstocomeforward, whichheeasilyunderstood, andcame a littleway; thenstoppedagain, andthen a littlefarther, andstoppedagain; and I couldthenperceivethathestoodtrembling, asifhehadbeentakenprisoner, andhadjustbeentobekilled, ashistwoenemieswere. I beckonedtohimagaintocometome, andgavehimallthesignsofencouragementthat I couldthinkof; andhecamenearerandnearer, kneelingdowneverytenortwelvesteps, intokenofacknowledgmentforsavinghislife. I smiledathim, andlookedpleasantly, andbeckonedtohimtocomestillnearer; atlengthhecameclosetome; andthenhekneeleddownagain, kissedtheground, andlaidhisheadupontheground, andtakingmebythefoot, setmyfootuponhishead; this, itseems, wasintokenofswearingtobemyslaveforever. I tookhimupandmademuchofhim, andencouragedhimall I could. Buttherewasmoreworktodoyet; for I perceivedthesavagewhom I hadknockeddownwasnotkilled, butstunnedwiththeblow, andbegantocometohimself: so I pointedtohim, andshowedhimthesavage, thathewasnotdead; uponthishespokesomewordstome, andthough I couldnotunderstandthem, yet I thoughttheywerepleasanttohear; fortheywerethefirstsoundof a man’s voicethat I hadheard, myownexcepted, forabovetwenty-fiveyears. Buttherewasnotimeforsuchreflectionsnow; thesavagewhowasknockeddownrecoveredhimselfsofarastositupupontheground, and I perceivedthatmysavagebegantobeafraid; butwhen I sawthat, I presentedmyotherpieceattheman, asif I wouldshoothim: uponthismysavage, forso I callhimnow, made a motiontometolendhimmysword, whichhungnakedin a beltbymyside, which I did. Henosoonerhadit, butherunstohisenemy, andatoneblowcutoffhisheadsocleverly, noexecutionerinGermanycouldhavedoneitsoonerorbetter; which I thoughtverystrangeforonewho, I hadreasontobelieve, neversaw a swordinhislifebefore, excepttheirownwoodenswords: however, itseems, as I learnedafterwards, theymaketheirwoodenswordssosharp, soheavy, andthewoodissohard, thattheywillevencutoffheadswiththem, ay, andarms, andthatatoneblow, too. Whenhehaddonethis, hecomeslaughingtomeinsignoftriumph, andbroughtmetheswordagain, andwithabundanceofgestureswhich I didnotunderstand, laiditdown, withtheheadofthesavagethathehadkilled, justbeforeme. Butthatwhichastonishedhimmostwastoknowhow I killedtheotherIndiansofaroff; so, pointingtohim, hemadesignstometolethimgotohim; and I badehimgo, aswellas I could. Whenhecametohim, hestoodlikeoneamazed, lookingathim, turninghimfirstononeside, thenontheother; lookedatthewoundthebullethadmade, whichitseemswasjustinhisbreast, whereithadmade a hole, andnogreatquantityofbloodhadfollowed; buthehadbledinwardly, forhewasquitedead. Hetookuphisbowandarrows, andcameback; so I turnedtogoaway, andbeckonedhimtofollowme, makingsignstohimthatmoremightcomeafterthem. Uponthishemadesignstomethatheshouldburythemwithsand, thattheymightnotbeseenbytherest, iftheyfollowed; andso I madesignstohimagaintodoso. Hefelltowork; andinaninstanthehadscraped a holeinthesandwithhishandsbigenoughtoburythefirstin, andthendraggedhimintoit, andcoveredhim; anddidsobytheotheralso; I believehehadhimburiedthembothin a quarterofanhour. Then, callingaway, I carriedhim, nottomycastle, butquiteawaytomycave, onthefartherpartoftheisland: so I didnotletmydreamcometopassinthatpart, thathecameintomygroveforshelter. Here I gavehimbreadand a bunchofraisinstoeat, and a draughtofwater, which I foundhewasindeedingreatdistressfor, fromhisrunning: andhavingrefreshedhim, I madesignsforhimtogoandliedowntosleep, showinghim a placewhere I hadlaidsomerice-straw, and a blanketuponit, which I usedtosleepuponmyselfsometimes; sothepoorcreaturelaydown, andwenttosleep.

12

Hewas a comely, handsomefellow, perfectlywellmade, withstraight, stronglimbs, nottoolarge; tall, andwell-shaped; and, as I reckon, abouttwenty-sixyearsofage. Hehad a verygoodcountenance, not a fierceandsurlyaspect, butseemedtohavesomethingverymanlyinhisface; andyethehadallthesweetnessandsoftnessof a Europeaninhiscountenance, too, especiallywhenhesmiled. Hishairwaslongandblack, notcurledlikewool; hisforeheadveryhighandlarge; and a greatvivacityandsparklingsharpnessinhiseyes. Thecolourofhisskinwasnotquiteblack, butverytawny; andyetnotanugly, yellow, nauseoustawny, astheBraziliansandVirginians, andothernativesofAmericaare, butof a brightkindof a dunolive-colour, thathadinitsomethingveryagreeable, thoughnotveryeasytodescribe. Hisfacewasroundandplump; hisnosesmall, notflat, likethenegroes; a verygoodmouth, thinlips, andhisfineteethwellset, andaswhiteasivory.

13

Afterhehadslumbered, ratherthanslept, abouthalf-an-hour, heawokeagain, andcameoutofthecavetome: for I hadbeenmilkingmygoatswhich I hadintheenclosurejustby: whenheespiedmehecamerunningtome, layinghimselfdownagainupontheground, withallthepossiblesignsofanhumble, thankfuldisposition, making a greatmanyanticgesturestoshowit. Atlasthelayshisheadflatupontheground, closetomyfoot, andsetsmyotherfootuponhishead, ashehaddonebefore; andafterthismadeallthesignstomeofsubjection, servitude, andsubmissionimaginable, toletmeknowhowhewouldservemesolongashelived. I understoodhiminmanythings, andlethimknow I wasverywellpleasedwithhim. In a littletime I begantospeaktohim; andteachhimtospeaktome: andfirst, I lethimknowhisnameshouldbeFriday, whichwastheday I savedhislife: I calledhimsoforthememoryofthetime. I likewisetaughthimtosayMaster; andthenlethimknowthatwastobemyname: I likewisetaughthimtosayYesandNoandtoknowthemeaningofthem. I gavehimsomemilkinanearthenpot, andlethimseemedrinkitbeforehim, andsopmybreadinit; andgavehim a cakeofbreadtodothelike, whichhequicklycompliedwith, andmadesignsthatitwasverygoodforhim. I kepttherewithhimallthatnight; butassoonasitwasday I beckonedtohimtocomewithme, andlethimknow I wouldgivehimsomeclothes; atwhichheseemedveryglad, forhewasstarknaked. Aswewentbytheplacewherehehadburiedthetwomen, hepointedexactlytotheplace, andshowedmethemarksthathehadmadetofindthemagain, makingsignstomethatweshoulddigthemupagainandeatthem. Atthis I appearedveryangry, expressedmyabhorrenceofit, madeasif I wouldvomitatthethoughtsofit, andbeckonedwithmyhandtohimtocomeaway, whichhedidimmediately, withgreatsubmission. I thenledhimuptothetopofthehill, toseeifhisenemiesweregone; andpullingoutmyglass I looked, andsawplainlytheplacewheretheyhadbeen, butnoappearanceofthemortheircanoes; sothatitwasplaintheyweregone, andhadlefttheirtwocomradesbehindthem, withoutanysearchafterthem.

14

But I wasnotcontentwiththisdiscovery; buthavingnowmorecourage, andconsequentlymorecuriosity, I tookmymanFridaywithme, givinghimtheswordinhishand, withthebowandarrowsathisback, which I foundhecoulduseverydexterously, makinghimcarryonegunforme, and I twoformyself; andawaywemarchedtotheplacewherethesecreatureshadbeen; for I had a mindnowtogetsomefurtherintelligenceofthem. When I cametotheplacemyverybloodranchillinmyveins, andmyheartsunkwithinme, atthehorrorofthespectacle; indeed, itwas a dreadfulsight, atleastitwassotome, thoughFridaymadenothingofit. Theplacewascoveredwithhumanbones, thegrounddyedwiththeirblood, andgreatpiecesoffleshlefthereandthere, half-eaten, mangled, andscorched; and, inshort, allthetokensofthetriumphantfeasttheyhadbeenmakingthere, after a victoryovertheirenemies. I sawthreeskulls, fivehands, andthebonesofthreeorfourlegsandfeet, andabundanceofotherpartsofthebodies; andFriday, byhissigns, mademeunderstandthattheybroughtoverfourprisonerstofeastupon; thatthreeofthemwereeatenup, andthathe, pointingtohimself, wasthefourth; thattherehadbeen a greatbattlebetweenthemandtheirnextking, ofwhosesubjects, itseems, hehadbeenone, andthattheyhadtaken a greatnumberofprisoners; allwhichwerecarriedtoseveralplacesbythosewhohadtakentheminthefight, inordertofeastuponthem, aswasdoneherebythesewretchesuponthosetheybroughthither.

15

I causedFridaytogatheralltheskulls, bones, flesh, andwhateverremained, andlaythemtogetherin a heap, andmake a greatfireuponit, andburnthemalltoashes. I foundFridayhadstill a hankeringstomachaftersomeoftheflesh, andwasstill a cannibalinhisnature; but I showedsomuchabhorrenceattheverythoughtsofit, andattheleastappearanceofit, thathedurstnotdiscoverit: for I had, bysomemeans, lethimknowthat I wouldkillhimifheofferedit.

16

Whenhehaddonethis, wecamebacktoourcastle; andthere I felltoworkformymanFriday; andfirstofall, I gavehim a pairoflinendrawers, which I hadoutofthepoorgunner’s chest I mentioned, which I foundinthewreck, andwhich, with a littlealteration, fittedhimverywell; andthen I madehim a jerkinofgoat’s skin, aswellasmyskillwouldallow (for I wasnowgrown a tolerablygoodtailor); and I gavehim a capwhich I madeofhare’s skin, veryconvenient, andfashionableenough; andthushewasclothed, forthepresent, tolerablywell, andwasmightywellpleasedtoseehimselfalmostaswellclothedashismaster. Itistruehewentawkwardlyintheseclothesatfirst: wearingthedrawerswasveryawkwardtohim, andthesleevesofthewaistcoatgalledhisshouldersandtheinsideofhisarms; but a littleeasingthemwherehecomplainedtheyhurthim, andusinghimselftothem, hetooktothematlengthverywell.

17

Thenextday, after I camehometomyhutchwithhim, I begantoconsiderwhere I shouldlodgehim: andthat I mightdowellforhimandyetbeperfectlyeasymyself, I made a littletentforhiminthevacantplacebetweenmytwofortifications, intheinsideofthelast, andintheoutsideofthefirst. Astherewas a doororentrancethereintomycave, I made a formalframeddoor-case, and a doortoit, ofboards, andsetitupinthepassage, a littlewithintheentrance; and, causingthedoortoopenintheinside, I barreditupinthenight, takinginmyladders, too; sothatFridaycouldnowaycomeatmeintheinsideofmyinnermostwall, withoutmakingsomuchnoiseingettingoverthatitmustneedsawakenme; formyfirstwallhadnow a completeroofoveritoflongpoles, coveringallmytent, andleaninguptothesideofthehill; whichwasagainlaidacrosswithsmallersticks, insteadoflaths, andthenthatchedover a greatthicknesswiththerice-straw, whichwasstrong, likereeds; andattheholeorplacewhichwaslefttogoinoroutbytheladder I hadplaced a kindoftrap-door, which, ifithadbeenattemptedontheoutside, wouldnothaveopenedatall, butwouldhavefallendownandmade a greatnoise—astoweapons, I tookthemallintomysideeverynight. But I needednoneofallthisprecaution; fornevermanhad a morefaithful, loving, sincereservantthanFridaywastome: withoutpassions, sullenness, ordesigns, perfectlyobligedandengaged; hisveryaffectionsweretiedtome, likethoseof a childto a father; and I daresayhewouldhavesacrificedhislifetosavemineuponanyoccasionwhatsoever—themanytestimonieshegavemeofthisputitoutofdoubt, andsoonconvincedmethat I neededtousenoprecautionsformysafetyonhisaccount.

18

Thisfrequentlygavemeoccasiontoobserve, andthatwithwonder, thathoweverithadpleasedGodinHisprovidence, andinthegovernmentoftheworksofHishands, totakefromsogreat a partoftheworldofHiscreaturesthebestusestowhichtheirfacultiesandthepowersoftheirsoulsareadapted, yetthatHehasbestoweduponthemthesamepowers, thesamereason, thesameaffections, thesamesentimentsofkindnessandobligation, thesamepassionsandresentmentsofwrongs, thesamesenseofgratitude, sincerity, fidelity, andallthecapacitiesofdoinggoodandreceivinggoodthatHehasgiventous; andthatwhenHepleasestoofferthemoccasionsofexertingthese, theyareasready, nay, moreready, toapplythemtotherightusesforwhichtheywerebestowedthanweare. Thismademeverymelancholysometimes, inreflecting, astheseveraloccasionspresented, howmean a usewemakeofallthese, eventhoughwehavethesepowersenlightenedbythegreatlampofinstruction, theSpiritofGod, andbytheknowledgeofHiswordaddedtoourunderstanding; andwhyithaspleasedGodtohidethelikesavingknowledgefromsomanymillionsofsouls, who, if I mightjudgebythispoorsavage, wouldmake a muchbetteruseofitthanwedid. Fromhence I sometimeswasledtoofar, toinvadethesovereigntyofProvidence, and, asitwere, arraignthejusticeofsoarbitrary a dispositionofthings, thatshouldhidethatsightfromsome, andrevealittoothers, andyetexpect a likedutyfromboth; but I shutitup, andcheckedmythoughtswiththisconclusion: first, thatwedidnotknowbywhatlightandlawtheseshouldbecondemned; butthatasGodwasnecessarily, andbythenatureofHisbeing, infinitelyholyandjust, soitcouldnotbe, butifthesecreatureswereallsentencedtoabsencefromHimself, itwasonaccountofsinningagainstthatlightwhich, astheScripturesays, was a lawtothemselves, andbysuchrulesastheirconscienceswouldacknowledgetobejust, thoughthefoundationwasnotdiscoveredtous; andsecondly, thatstillasweallaretheclayinthehandofthepotter, novesselcouldsaytohim, “Whyhastthouformedmethus?”